Romanticism music: what it? In beat hearts of
pass Every year the festivals devoted to this family in Austria. A family, really, surprising, and music - joyful, flying. All of us in a “easy“ genre, from Jacques Offenbach - to Shtrausam.
The ancestor of a “waltz“ dynasty Johann Baptiste Strauss - the father was born on March 14, 1804 in Vienna. His ancestors were innkeepers, perhaps, arrived from Budapest. The grandfather on the father is the baptized Jew.
I write about it only because came across on the official Austrian site devoted to a family Shtrausov article about forgery. The essence is as follows: the document on marriage of the grandfather in the period of government of nazis was taken away from church to Berlin, then returned, having enjoined to hide the original, and the person interested to examine to represent a photocopy. And so - this photocopy was forged. Thus in Germany it became possible to execute “such German“ music of family Shtrausov. To pretend that this music is absent - it was impossible. It was necessary to hide “a non Aryan origin“ of an idol of public.
A music subject in the Third Reich - very interesting, but separate therefore we will return to Johann Strauss - the senior. The father`s tavern - “At Saint Florean“ - settled down on Vinogradnoy lozy Street. And in a tavern music could sound, and the theater was near - so the child had no lack of acoustical experience.
Early mother died - the boy was 7 years old. The father was found by the drowned soon. From 12 years Strauss himself, in effect, is responsible for himself.
There was, of course, a trustee. It gave the boy to study reliable craft - binding business. But stories about love of the person to music since the childhood - not an invention of fiction writers. There is also it. Johann Strauss did not leave a violin - in literal sense. At the same time managed all - to be learned to craft, to take lessons of musical objects and to earn additionally.
Vienna in the 19th century had fun. Of course, there were wars, there was also a revolution, but in the 19th century venets had a sharp requirement in cheerful and cloudless. It was counted that at that time every fourth resident of Vienna where - nibud yes danced every day: in cafe, restaurants and clubs, in parks, at fairs, on squares and in the yards. In music too the shortcoming was not: from street organ-grinders to professional orchestras. Vienna danced all. And “notes bought up as newspapers“ are the truth too. Practically all knew notes. And it was easier to dance.
At first danced Indecent dance a lendler - the German dance. It came from the national environment, from the remote place (“ëàíäëü“ - the province). It was ceremonial dance - acquaintance of the groom and bride. Bowed, gesticulated, then quite sedately danced.
Then, of course, the ritualism lost the value. The gentleman invited the lady, kissed her a hand, took away it in a circle. The gentleman held the partner already two hands, the increasing value was gained by rotations. All this demanded also physical rapprochement of two bodies - in the simplest sense of the word. By the way, partners kept each other for two fingers in a minuet.
It is clear, that reaction of society was at first ambiguous. Some time the church was against - even a certain treatise under the name “The Decent Treatise about Obscene Dance“ remained. But came to nobody to mind to arrange dancing in church therefore all objections quickly stopped. Badly met new dance and temporal powers - it is possible, owing to its national origin. London “Tayms“ complained that in the Royal palace began to dance too “sensual“ dance. In Russia at Paul I there was an instruction to forbid “the dancing use, valseny called“. However the waltz already dispersed across Europe.
The waltz came to “big music“ too. In the 18th century in Vienna the competition on the best opera was announced. Two competed: “Figaro`s wedding“ of Mozart and “A rare thing“ of the Spanish composer Martine - and - Soler. Mozart lost, the Spaniard won, then he went to St. Petersburg where he long worked at court of Catherine the Great.
And so, “the Russian Spaniard“ in the opera has a scene which and is called - the Waltz. Perhaps, from - for it Mozart was also “won“. So the waltz became the main thing, and the minuet remained in the history.
To be fair it is necessary to tell that the minuet was more difficult. Not on the movements - from the musical point of view. If to simplify, then in a minuet on each sound of a melody chords could change. In a waltz - in each step to the melodic line - one harmony. But maybe, this oblegchennost, and also lack of the stiffness peculiar to a minuet, played a role in a gain a waltz of all Europe. And then - in a waltz lyricism, a poletnost, infinity, pensiveness or passion - all what the person of an era of Romanticism emotionally needed is sharply felt.
In beat hearts
Recently incidentally came across article “Music of rhythms of heart. Heartbeat rhythms - an integral part of the semantic dictionary of music of romanticism“. It was written by the musician in a co-authorship with the cardiologist. Interesting article, it is a pity that musical terminology is understood even less now, than medical therefore I will not cite.
In this article refer also to other works - for example, to the article “Why the Waltz Does Not Grow Old“ from the Science and Life magazine. And it is claimed there that the heart rhythm precisely corresponds to a waltz trekhdolnost (those “ra - two - three“).
I am not an expert neither in physiology, nor in cardiology, but anyway a subject of rhythms of a human body very interesting. It is not studied by sense, but is felt that ahead there are a lot of different opening. And a rhythm as all know, one of music components.
And if it is figurative - of course, waltzes are perceived close to heart. Johann Strauss - the father was called “the father of waltzes“. By the way, “The Vienna waltz“ is included into the obligatory European program for dances also now. But a subject of dances - all - separate. But the waltz did not get to anywhere:
And with us again
is Danced by old Vienna.
I Strauss where - then
I a mug knocks on a step,
On us does not grumble.
With the orchestra and with the waltzes Strauss passed all Europe, addressed monarchs, played before public. Soon, however, he had to compete to the person by the name of Johann Strauss - younger. That is with the son.
Here we tread again the unsteady ground of others human relations which do not concern us. It is enough know that Johann Strauss - the father had 12 children, 5 - from first marriage, 7 - from the long relations, and then marriage with other woman (data on children sometimes differ, perhaps, someone in infancy died). From all children three became the famous composers, especially Johann Strauss - younger.
Johann Strauss - the senior died of scarlet fever on September 25, 1849, relay was accepted by his children. About it is next time.