Rus Articles Journal

Search of malfunctions in the diesel engine

* the Engine is not brought by to cold weather

1. the system of preliminary heating
2 is incorrectly used. malfunction of system of preliminary heating
3. a parafinization of fuel it is (very cold) to
4. malfunction of the mechanism of cold start-up

* the Engine is not brought by to warm and cold weather

1. insufficient frequency of rotation of a starter
2. insufficient compression
3. lack of fuel in a tank
4. air in
5 fuel. additional resistance in a fuel supply system
6. pollution of
7 fuel. malfunction el. magician.
8 valve. internal breakage of TNVD

* Insufficient frequency of rotation of a starter

1. rechargeable battery of the insufficient capacity
2. oil does not conform to requirements of the producer of the
3 engine. high resistance in an electric chain of a starter
4. malfunction of a starter

The engine is difficult got

1. wrong procedure of launch of the
2 engine. malfunction of a starter or
3 rechargeable battery. malfunction of system of prestarting heating
4. air in
5 fuel. additional resistance in a fuel supply system
6. insufficient compression
7. the gap of
8 valves is incorrectly adjusted. additional resistance in the final
9 system. the mechanism of gas distribution
10 is incorrectly adjusted. malfunction of nozzles / nozzles
11. the moment of injection
12 is incorrectly exposed. internal breakage of TNVD

* the Engine is started by , but at once becomes deaf

1. it is not enough fuel in a tank
2. air in
3 fuel. turns of idling
4 are incorrectly established. additional resistance in a fuel supply system or system of discharge of excess fuel in a tank
5. the air filter is polluted by
6. additional resistance in the inlet or final
7 systems. malfunction of nozzles

* the Engine does not stop after fuel supply switching off

1. malfunction el. magician. the valve

* Unstable work on single turns

1. the air filter is polluted by
2. additional resistance in the inlet
3 system. air in
4 fuel. additional resistance in a fuel supply system
5. the gap of
6 valves is incorrectly adjusted. springs of valves weakened or broke
7. insufficient compression
8. overheat
9. tubes are incorrectly connected to nozzles or tubes do not conform to requirements of the producer of the
10 motor. the mechanism of gas distribution
11 is incorrectly adjusted. malfunction of nozzles
12. malfunction of TNVD

* Lack of power

1. it is necessary to check draft of an accelerator
2. it is necessary to check draft of TNVD
3. the air filter is polluted by
4. additional resistance in the inlet
5 system. air in
6 fuel. additional resistance in a fuel supply system
7. the mechanism of gas distribution
8 is incorrectly adjusted. the moment of injection
9 is incorrectly determined. additional resistance in the final
10 system. insufficient pressure of a turbo-supercharging
11. the gap of
12 valves is incorrectly adjusted. insufficient compression
13. malfunction of nozzles
14. malfunction of TNVD

* Excessive fuel consumption

1. external leak
2. fuel proceeds in the pallet of the
3 engine. the air filter is polluted by
4. additional resistance in the inlet
5 system. the gap of
6 valves is incorrectly adjusted. insufficient compression
7. the moment of injection
8 is incorrectly determined. malfunction of nozzles
9. malfunction of TNVD

* the Engine strongly knocks

1. air in the fuel
2 system. low-quality
3 fuel. malfunction of nozzles
4. springs of valves weakened or broke
5. the gap of
6 valves is incorrectly adjusted. the mechanism of gas distribution
7 is incorrectly adjusted. the moment of injection
8 is incorrectly determined. piston rings are worn-out or broke
9. wear of tsilindroporshnevy group
10. the bearing of the
11 crankshaft is damaged or demolition. wear of a rapredval

* Exhaust of black
color

1. the air filter is polluted by
2. additional resistance in the inlet
3 system. the gap of
4 valves is incorrectly adjusted. insufficient compression
5. insufficient pressure of a turbo-supercharging
6. additional resistance in the final
7 system. the mechanism of gas distribution
8 is incorrectly adjusted. malfunction of nozzles
9. the moment of injection
10 is incorrectly determined. malfunction of TNVD

* Exhaust of blue or white color

1. low-quality oil or oil does not correspond requirements of the producer of the
2 engine. malfunction of candles of an incandescence or the relay of these candles (a smoke only at start)
3. it is polluted the
4 air filter. additional resistance in the inlet
5 system. the mechanism of gas distribution
6 is incorrectly adjusted. the moment of injection
7 is incorrectly determined. malfunction of nozzles or heatreflectors
8. consolidation of the valve (rod) of
9 is faulty. insufficient compression
10. laying of the block is damaged by
11. piston rings are worn-out or broke
12. the tsilindroporshnevy group

* by the Excessive consumption of oil is worn out by

1. external leak
2. low-quality or non-compliant to the requirements of the producer
3 oil. oil level in the engine is too high
4. additional resistance in system of ventilation of a case
5. leak of oil from oil system in fuel
6. leak of oil from the additional equipment
7. leak of oil from oil system in the
8 cooling system. leak of oil in TNVD
9. it is polluted the
10 air filter. additional resistance in the inlet
11 system. varnish deposits on walls of the
12 cylinder. piston rings are worn-out or broke
13. the tsilindroporshnevy group
14 is worn-out. wear of a guide / rod of the
15 valve. * Having overheated wear of consolidations of a rod of the valve

1. leakage of OZh
2. too high level of
3 oil. breakage of the
4 fan. the pump of the cooling system is faulty
5. the radiator
6 is faulty. branch pipes of the cooling system are damaged by
7. the thermostat is faulty
8. the air filter is polluted by
9. laying of the
10 block is damaged. additional resistance in the inlet or final
11 system. deformation of a head of the block or a crack
12 in it. the mechanism of gas distribution
13 is incorrectly adjusted. the injection moment (too early) is incorrectly determined to
14. malfunction of nozzles
15. malfunction of TNVD

* the Elevated pressure in a case

1. additional resistance in system of ventilation of a case
2. leakage in the vacuum pump
3. piston rings broke
4. laying of the block

* by Unstable operation of the engine is damaged by

1. wrong working temperature
2. draft of an accelerator needs adjustment
3. the air filter is polluted by
4. additional resistance in the inlet
5 system. air in
6 fuel. tubes are incorrectly connected to nozzles
7. additional resistance in a fuel supply system or system of discharge of excess fuel in a tank
8. the gap of
9 valves is incorrectly adjusted. springs of valves weakened or broke
10. insufficient compression
11. fastening of TNVD
12 weakened. the moment of injection
13 is incorrectly determined. malfunction of TNVD

* Vibration

1. draft of an accelerator needs adjustment
2. fastening of the engine weakened or is worn out by
3. the fan is faulty
4. the quencher of tortional fluctuations of the engine is faulty or its fastening
5 weakened. nozzles
6 are incorrectly connected. fastening of a flywheel
7 weakened. insufficient compression

* Low pressure of oil

1. level of oil is low
2. oil does not conform to requirements of producer
3. the oil filter is polluted by
4. overheat
5. oil is polluted by
6. the sensor of oil pressure is faulty
7. the filter of rough cleaning is polluted by
8. the soaking-up hydroline of the pump is damaged or filled with
9. it is damaged the
10 safety valve. the pump
11 is worn-out. bearings of the crankshaft

* by the High pressure of
oil
are worn out by
1. oil does not conform to requirements of producer
2. it is faulty the
3 sensor. the safety valve is damaged