Romanticism music: what it? Hoffman`s fairy tales or the Ideal woman of
One beloved betrays, the second dies, the doll third at all mechanical - as the romanichesky hero can love similar women? Where he looks for the ideal?
Jacques Offenbach wrote also works of a serious genre, not only the operetta. It is clear, that they are known less. But it does not concern the last opera - “ of the Fairy tale of Hoffman “ - that which the composer did not manage to add. It already work tragic. As all European romanticism is filled with tragic element.
“Thoughtless and cynical“ Offenbach addresses creativity of the German romantic Hoffman - the writer and the composer (many remember his “Nutcracker“ or “Tsakhes`s Crumb“). It both subjects of fairy tales of Hoffman, and Hoffman`s image. That is and creativity - plots of fairy tales, and biography elements - everything is involved in this opera.
Incidentally or not - but the same subjects were chosen by Siegmund Freud in his work “Ominous“.
In the opera of the whole four love stories of the hero. They are told by the tipsy main character - Hoffman in a tavern.
Lyubov the first - Olympia - appears the singing mechanical doll. “ It, undoubtedly, the right remark means, first of all, the short story “Sand Person“ from “Night stories“; the doll appearing in it Olympia was included then in Offenbach`s opera of “Hoffman`s Short story“. I, however, have to tell - and I hope that most of readers of this short story will agree with me, - that the motive of a doll of Olympia is not at all the only motive on which it is necessary to confer responsibility for incomparably ominous effect of this short story, and even not that which ought to attribute this effect first of all “, is already doctor Freud, and I delicately become silent.
The second short story - “Anthony“. Hoffman persuades the girl to refuse career. But she chooses singing though she knows that she can die. It can quite be the parody to romantic idea about “self-sacrifice for the sake of art“.
With the third at all trouble. The courtesan Juliette steals Hoffman`s reflection. Hoffman without the shadow, Juliette drinks the poison prepared for another, in a word, absolutely complicated story. Hoffman drunk tells all these stories (they are actions of the opera), being in love with Stella, and there too exclusively difficult history. And there is also a Muse who loves Hoffman and interferes with his love to others that the poet could devote himself only to it. On that it and the Muse. And to all other there are put “opera villains“.
Though in 1881 (it is year of a premiere) the European romanticism still freely breathed a full breast, the opera “Hoffman`s Fairy Tales“ of Jacques Offenbach can be considered and as a certain sentence. Circulation on a vicious circle - the main occupation of the hero - the romantic. Love for one type of women (Stella and three heroines as her forms). This “Dream of the poet“ appears all the time something another …
the Magic points turning the singing doll into an adoration subject. Calling subjects - services, insidiousness and change, presence at life of indispensable villains - all this romanticism “flashes“. Besides Hoffman faints at the end - as the highest point of experiences, and the public which is present at a tavern explains that he is simply dead-drunk. One more traditional subject - a profanation the inhabitant of high feelings. Everything at Offenbach is brought to the highest point and - at the same time to the point of absurdity.
Offenbach did not manage to finish the opera - for him it was made by others. It often happened when the composer suddenly died (Mozart`s requiem, some operas of the Russian composers and so on). Jacques Offenbach always worked much. Rheumatism progressed, the state of health worsened. He died of an asthma attack on October 5, 1880.
After death there were some records of Offenbach relating to this opera. Therefore statements of “Hoffman`s Fairy tales“ can strongly differ in each case. There was also a movie according to the opera (USA).
the best-known number from “Hoffman`s Fairy tales“ - the Barcarole. Initially a barcarole - the song of the Venetian gondoliers, it is visible from the name. To a genre of a barcarole many handled - such “water, rocking“ music, a pacification and a unification the nature. Offenbach`s barcarole leads separate life - as a performance, as a musical insert in movies (“Life is fine“, “Titanic“). It is necessary to listen to this music - as an example of lyrical and melodic gift of Jacques Offenbach.
It is possible to call destiny of its operettas happy - many are still put. The destiny of the genre the operetta - is not clear. It is worth to remember that ahead also the well-known Broadway musicals. However, and the musical genre now, seemingly, too endures crisis.
People are badly familiar with myths and fairy tales - in “ezopovy language“ it is harder and harder to talk. Comedies become simpler, jokes are more rough. To explain sense of three (from several hundred!) Offenbach`s works, two articles were required. In spite of the fact that many of operettas still on a theatrical scene, the listener is not always guided in the hidden meanings. But there is music. In the best sense of the word - easy and lyrical. Jacques Offenbach`s music.
If we got to an easy genre - the operetta, it is simpler to remain in it so far, having changed only “residence“ and having glanced to Vienna. There lives the family Shtrausov - Johann Strauss and Johann Strauss.