How to check the memory and attentiveness?
“A true essence of art of storing are an art of attention“, - Samuel Johnson so told. And now we will check it! Read very attentively following paragraph.
You conduct the bus in which there are fifty people. When the bus stopped, went out of it ten, and three entered. At the following stop the bus was left by seven people and two new passengers entered. The bus made two more stops, on each of which there were four persons, but if on the first of them entered three, then on the second passengers were not added. At this moment the bus stopped from - for technical problems. Some of passengers strongly hurried and therefore decided to pass on foot. As a result of eight people left the bus. When technical malfunction was eliminated, the bus approached the last stop at which there were all remained passengers.
Now, without re-reading a task, try to answer two questions.
I almost do not doubt that if I ask you how many passengers remained in the bus or how many passengers left at the last stop, you will immediately give the correct answer.
But I will set here what question: “How many stops the bus made?“ by
Ya it is sure that the little from you managed to answer this question correctly. The reason is in what you expected to hear a question of the number of people. Therefore you concentrated the attention on that how many passengers entered and left at each stop. I.e. you were interested in counting or remembering how many the person will remain in the bus. As you did not think that the quantity of stops will have some value, and any did not pay attention to them. You were not interested in considering stops, they were not fixed in your mind and therefore you did not manage to remember them.
If all of you correctly answered this question because all of you were interested in storing of this information, then I doubt that on the following question you will give the correct answer. Without looking in the text again, tell me, as call the bus driver ?
It agrees that it is an artful question on observation. If I at the beginning of the text would ask to remember a name of the driver, then you would remember it since you were interested in it. I distracted your attention, having forced to think that I will ask you about one thing, and asked what you did not even pay attention to.
There is a wish to learn the answer to a question? The first word of a task will tell you who is a driver, and on the first place there is a word “ you “. Thus, correct answer to a question: “How call the bus driver?“, there will be your own name. You conduct the bus.
Test this test on the friends, and you are convinced that only the very few will be able correctly to answer a question of a name of the driver.
I already said that this test checks not so much memory, how many observation. You will not be able to remember what you did not notice; and it is very difficult to remember what does not cause in you any interest. So, we remove the rule for storing : if you want to remember something, you first of all have to cause in yourself to it interest. Force themselves to concentrate that you want to keep in memory. I told “ force yourself “ as first you will need to do over yourself some effort; however you will notice soon that you do not need to force to prove interest in what needs to be remembered any more.
Except intention to remember, also the confidence that you will be able to make this helps . Imagine that your memory is a sieve. Or you tell every time when you think: “I have an awful memory“ or “I will never manage to remember it“, you punch in it one more hole. If you speak: “I easily will remember it“, you close up one of holes.
Many ask me why they manage to detain nothing in memory, even while they write down all information which is wanted to be remembered. The fact that they write down and is the reason, from - behind which they forget it or do not remember from the very beginning. Try “I forgot“ to exclude expression from your lexicon. It is necessary to speak more correctly: “I did not manage to remember it“.
You will not be able to forget what was really remembered. If you write down information to help the memory or with conscious intention to remember it most precisely, then in it there is nothing bad. However if the handle or paper serve you as memory substitutes, then you absolutely definitely will not be able to improve it, and on the contrary, your memory will become worse and worse from - for what you neglect it and do not use.
Why you write down information? Because you do not want to spend time and efforts for her storing. Please, remember what memory loves when trust it. The more you trust it, the it becomes more reliable and more useful. To write down everything that you try to remember on paper, it means to go counter to all rules for strengthening and improvement of memory. You can lose a sheet of paper, a notebook, but only not the brains.
How many parents constantly complain of awful memory of the children who cannot remember that they tell them at school, and from - for it receive bad marks. It is a problem not in memory, and in lack of interest. The fact that most of children have good progress, at least, in one subject even if they have bad marks on the others can serve as the proof of it.
If the school student shows interest in some subject, he well remembers material and receives good marks. If the subject does not cause in it interest, he badly remembers and becomes the bad pupil. Many women complain that they cannot remember anything as they have a disgusting memory. The same women will describe and will remember in the smallest details in what their girlfriend when met a few weeks ago was dressed.
If you are capable to remember those things which cause interest in you in the smallest details, then you have a good memory. It also proves that if you begin to show interest in other things, then you will be able to remember any information. You need to adjust yourself so that at you interest in storing of names, dates, figures, faces, the facts - anything and that you tested confidence in the ability to remember them wakened.
This, in itself, without application of special methods and techniques on different types of storing.