Larin Parask. Why Finns cast a monument to the woman buried in Russia in bronze?
Today, on February 28, Finland celebrates one of the most esteemed holidays - Day of the national epos “Kalevala“. Here I also remembered Priozersk.
Why? In - the first, quite recently I already told in one of articles about this small regional center of the Leningrad region. In - the second, promised as - nibud to write also about the city in more detail, and about its history, surprising, rich in different events. And in - the third …
B - the third, in 1949 in the center Helsinki, on the main prospectus of the Finnish capital bearing a name of Karl Gustav Mannerheim between the National museum and the house “Finland“, established a monument. And though it is devoted to all those storytellers and runopevets who, transferring the songs from one generation to another, could hold historical in remembrance the people; as prototype for the sculptor Alpo Saylo the specific person served. Larin Parask. Paraskeva of Nikitichn Nikitin.
By the way, according to Alpo Saylo`s sketches it is made and in September, 1991 the monument to one more runopevets - to Miykhkali (Mikhayl) Perttunen is established in the village of Voknavolok, Kalevalsky of the region of the Republic of Karelia. To famous Arkhippy Perttunen`s son from the Karelian village of Ladvozero whose runes, zapisavshiyy Elias Lennrot, was the basis for the book “Kalevala, or Old Runes of Karelia about Ancient Times of the Finnish People“ published in 1835 with a circulation of 500 copies.
So we will talk about Larin Parask today. And about Priozersk. Though about the last - a bit later. The matter is that (well, here such historical paradox!) future runopevitsa, memory of whom carefully stores grateful Finland, was born on December 27, 1833 (on new style on January 8, 1834) … not in the territory of the Grand duchy Finnish. Native for Paraskev of Nikitichna the Izhora village of Myakiyenkyul (in the Russian phonetic tradition - Mishkula, and in translation - “The village on the hill“) belonged to Lempaal Sankt`s arrival - the St. Petersburg province (the Lembolovsky volost of the Vsevolozhsk region of the Leningrad region now). From the Grand duchy Finnish, to be exact from the village of Vaskela (in translation “Copper“) It is southern - the Keksgolmsky County (the settlement Meadow the Zaporizhia volost of the Priozersk area now), mother Paraskev of Nikitichna - Tatyana Vasilyevna was a sort.
Into the same country of Paraskev removed in 1853, having married for 39 - summer Gavrila Stepanovich Vaski. Exactly here she also received the Finnish name. The matter is that the country house (farm) of her husband by the Finnish tradition was called Larila (or Larin is stupid). From here and Larin Parask.
They say that the husband Paraskev of Nikitichna constantly was ill and therefore could not conduct the economy. Perhaps and so, but I have it about it certain doubts. Gavrila Vask through 35 died (!) years after a wedding, in 1888. Also there were to it at that time time 74 years! For chronically sick person quite long life.
I think, business was all - in another. Just already age Vask in its country economy young, strong and skillful hands were required. Here he also married on twice younger his Paraskev. And to marry, redeemed it from serf bondage, having paid the bride`s owner - the landowner Kuzov - 24 rubles. Considerable, generally, for those times money. I do not think that future husband Larin had a desire to waste them. No, absolutely not. On the contrary, it favourably them enclosed in the future wife.
And it began to plow and sow. To reap, thresh, mow. Generally, to perform all work on economy. And as it demanded not only hands, but also money, Larin was forced to be engaged in such hard work as a burlachestvo, lifting against the current vessels from Ladoga to the lake Suvantoyarvi (nowadays Sukhodolsky). And to collectors of folklore, most likely, it went because for each written-down rune, they, it is though a little, but paid.
And songs, thanks to the amazing memory, Larin knew much. And those which in the childhood heard on the homeland, in Lempaal`s volost and what was sung in Vaskel. At the same time, having improvisatory talent, it even the known plots, smoothly departing from a canon, decked a little differently, organically entering new images into the text of runes and supplementing them with earlier unknown details.
But Armas Borenius - Lyakhteenkorva in 1877 wrote down from Larin … 24 songs. In total - navsy. Only in ten its years as the greatest runopevitsa, the pastor Wolf Neovius who wrote down from Parask 1152 opened at first for Finland, and then and for the whole world (!) songs, 1750 proverbs, 336 riddles and large number of lamentations. They say that at their first personal meeting Larin sang to the pastor … two days running!
But even such accelerated rates it was impossible to write down all that was known by a runopevitsa. Therefore in 1890 Neovius invited Parask to himself on a visit in Borgo (nowadays Porvoo). And only in three years published the first book of its songs which practically at once made Larin well-known. Poets admired its gift, composers borrowed it melodies, and such famous Finnish artists of that time as Albert Edelfelt and Ayrault Iarnefelt, wrote portraits of a runopevitsa.
However, the glory did not relieve Larin of everyday adversities. She strongly was ill, lived in misery. In 1899 her house and a small allotment sold for shortages from the hammer. Parask neighbors in whose bath it began to live sheltered. Only in two years, thanks to efforts of Society of the Finnish literature, began to pay it annual pension in … 100 brands. In a year her son - to Vasle - managed to redeem a native log hut in which lonely and almost all the forgotten Larin died on January 3, 1904. And meanwhile texts of the songs which are written down from it were already published not only in Finland, but also translated into the English, German and Czech languages.
In 1911 on a grave of a runopevitsa on the Palkealsky cemetery (nowadays the settlement of Zamostye, the Priozersk area) efforts of Youth society of the Southern Karelia established a gravestone with the words of one of those runes which are beaten out in granite which she once sang:
The Ice rush spring brought me songs wind,
them to me pushed the sea,
Drove their sea waves.
A then on these lands the skating rink of three wars swept. Civil, Winter and Wars - continuations. And the grave Larin got lost. Only on August 29, 1992 at the initiative of inhabitant Zamostya L. D. Laydinen on the alleged place of burial of a runopevitsa appeared a new granite monument.
There are such paradoxes. Memory Larin Parask as well as Mikael Agricola, honor in Finland. And they lie in the Russian land. Though … Perhaps in it there is also nothing strange? Yes, “Kalevala“ - the Karelian - the Finnish epos. But read it not only in the Country thousands of lakes.
Perhaps therefore also I that today remembered that woman whom Finns cast in bronze also in Russia wanted? Especially as she was born on the Russian land and laid down when term, came to it …