Religion, morals or right? And what will be chosen by you?
1) the Term “religion“ are understood in several values:
- outlook about existence in the world of fight of the Person against the Devil;
- a way of life;
- worship of the person of the highest forces in which reality he believes;
- system of symbols, moral rules, ceremonies and cultural actions.
Christianity solved Earlier problems of the relations of individuals to the power religious and secular. According to the New Testament the knowledge of divine spiritual laws and a church sociality exerts strong impact on an image of human thought, his behavior and sequence of actions in relation to morally - to legal requirements, bans, laws etc. At the same time the neglect is not allowed to the state norms: there is no power not from God and any power - from God. The authority - the God`s servant deserving respect, trust and even love, defined to the person and society “on good“; humility to precepts of law - God`s will. Christians urge to recognize themselves as subjects of moral requirements and legal bans, but emphasize their submission to the divine general spiritual principle.
Ten precepts (Do not create to yourself other gods; Do not do yourself an idol; Do not say a name of the Lord in vain; Have a rest in Saturday day; Esteem the parents; Do not kill; Do not commit adultery; Do not steal; Do not do false denunciations of neighbors; Do not wish anything that at your neighbor) harmonies of the spiritual and material beginning in the person and society help to reach.
present ideas of equality of all people concerning the rights, freedoms and duties In the book of Acts of Saint apostles, denying privileges and releases from responsibility on any signs.
2) Rules of morals, at first sight, act as instructions on what has to be. Enter its contents:
• the moral principles - fundamental ideas of due behavior of the person;
• moral standards - concrete rules of conduct.
In turn moral standards depending on a way of an assessment are subdivided into two types:
requirements - bans (do not lie, be not afraid etc.) ;
requirements - samples (be brave, responsible).
Historically the first the prohibitive type of moral installations arose. Bans and samples are the parties of moral requirements which define borders between inadmissible and desirable options of behavior, mutually connecting and supplementing each other.
Bases of morals are:
conscience - the moral sense allowing the person to define the acts and actions from the point of view of the good and evil;
a debt - moral command, readiness to arrive according to own idea of the correct behavior.
the Main categories of morals are the ideas of the good and evil allowing to estimate actions and acts of people. Kindly - the main value of the person. The good is resisted by the evil.
Feature of morals consists that it is based on values - preferences of the people proceeding from their ideals. In the center of moral values there is an idea of the benefit, as about a condition of a full consent of the person with reality and by itself. From here virtues - kindness, generosity, compassion, honesty, hope, etc. proceed. They are resisted by defects - hatred, envy, arrogance, egoism, greed, etc. of
the Moral ideal - the prime moral target which is expressed in morality “golden rule“. Over time it often changed, but kept in itself ideas of freedom and equality of people, worthinesses and the dignity of each personality. In a general view it can be expressed so: “Treat others as you want that they treated you“.
3) Exists a set of definitions of the right:
set of legal norms;
system of obligatory standards of behavior;
the system is right;
system of sense of justice;
at the same time is right as the system of the right finds expression in right sources, and its legal contents is formed rules of law. Right elements within its system: superbranches (private, public), branches (civil, criminal law), subsectors (housing, copyright), institutes (conclusion and divorce, alimony of parents), subinstitutes, norms.
the Precept of law consists of three parts: hypothesis, disposition, sanction. If to explain on - simple, then it will look here so: if …, then …, otherwise.
In our country of concept “right“ and “justice“, in my opinion, are far from each other - that is an important problem today. Moral correctness of rules of law is so important for creation of the constitutional state as well as their unity. Though we know a set of examples from history when the right conflicted to morals, - practice of the totalitarian modes.
the Right has characteristic signs: normativnost, systemacity, state will, general obligation, formal definiteness, communication with the state.
In Russia hierarchical system standardly - legal acts (NPA) looks as follows:
3) Municipal acts.
4) Local, corporate acts.
the NPA System in the Russian Federation constantly changes. Amendments or additions are just made to some laws, some should be created for the first time, and some - are in whole or in part cancelled.
Of course, a provision of the law do not regulate all aspects of life, such as morals.
From my point of view all types of laws serve common goals: statement of universal values, coordination of interests of the personality and society, providing and eminence of dignity of the person, maintenance of a public order. Summing up of
the results, one may say, that despite a set of noted differences between above-mentioned norms, all of them equally have also common features among which the orientation for the general benefit is on the first place, of course. These laws represent difficult sets of norms in which adjoins material with spiritual and individual to public. In them requirement - interests - values and norms - the purposes - means of the person get a civilized order. They try to use all complex of universal truth and values which can actively influence behavior of people by means of various influencing factors: dozvolitelny, incentive, recommendatory, binding, forbidding, etc.
Change of proportions angry and kind in itself happens constantly during our life. Different types of laws some help to move to top of moral self-improvement, and some - just do not allow to fall below an average limit of the evil.