How to determine terms of crops of seeds of vegetable cultures on seedling?
Inveterate gardeners, having yearned on work with the earth, quite often after New year develop preparation for cultivation of seedling as soon as possible to seed seeds of vegetables. Buy up various seeds, prepare the soil and any peat pots and tablets, boxes, boxes, glasses … And nearly since the end of January, having rolled up sleeves, start sacrament of a sowing campaign.
Many consider that the earlier you will seed seeds on seedling, the earlier will receive the first harvest. And already at the end of January (and in February and even less so!) appear on flat dish window sills with the first shoots - a subject of trembling pride of owners.
But whether such early sowing epic actually is justified? Whether she guarantees early plentiful fructification? Alas, my answer of many will disappoint: results can be not just very far from expected, but also it is much worse, than at those who seeded vegetables for few months later.
The matter is that the seedling of any vegetable culture has strictly certain age framework for change in beds. All its further development and fructification also depends on this age. The outgrown seedling quite painfully transfers change, long gets accustomed, spending for it the forces, later enters fructification, as a result the quantity and quality of fruits decrease. I think, many gardeners observed how the small seedlings planted along with the blossoming overages literally for only a few weeks caught up with the first in growth and development, at the same time externally winning on all indicators - strong, healthy, with saturated green leaves. And it is always easy to determine the outgrown seedling by pale coloring, the extended, thinned stalks.
How to determine for itself terms of crops of seeds on seedling? I Suggest to use a simple method of a countdown: of estimated date of disembarkation of seedling in soil (to the greenhouse or in beds) we take away its optimum age at that time, plus about five more days on shoots and plus five days on adaptation after sword-play - we receive approximate date of crops. At the same time it is necessary to consider still characteristics of grades. For example, tomatoes of late terms of maturing need to be sowed earlier, than early grades because each grade has the terms of vegetation from emergence of shoots prior to fructification - this information is always specified on packing with seeds.
Pay attention: to determine optimum terms of crops of seeds, it is necessary to know precisely when and where exactly plants - to the greenhouse or in an open ground will land. Terms and opportunities at everyone the: somewhere steady heat comes since the end of April, and somewhere and at the end of May frosts are still possible; at someone the usual film greenhouse, and at someone - the stationary well warmed hotbed. All these factors need to be considered in each case, but the main point is only your own date of planned disembarkation of seedling to the constant place.
The maximum age of seedling of vegetable cultures at disembarkation in soil:
the Tomato - 55 - 60 days for grades and hybrids of average and late term of maturing, 45 - 50 days for early grades and hybrids.
Sweet pepper - 65 - 75 days. Unlike tomatoes, pepper is not so sensitive to development. Therefore if already you land it with buds or flowers, then very first it is better to pull out - so it will be easier for it to adapt to external conditions.
An eggplant - 60 days.
A cucumber, a vegetable marrow, a bush pumpkin, pumpkin, a melon, a water-melon - 25 - 30 days. These cultures grow quickly enough and do not love change therefore it is better to grow up them at once in individual pots to minimize a stress at disembarkation to beds.
Cabbage white early, a cauliflower - 45 - 50 days, cabbage of average and late terms of maturing - till 40 days.
Cabbage lettuce - till 40 days.
A celery - 70 - 80 days.
For example, in a midland of Russia you have an opportunity to land in soil tomatoes and pepper in the middle of May. Means, considering of May 15, by method of a countdown we receive dates of crops of seeds on seedling: pepper - since February 25, tomatoes - late since March 5, early since March 15.
If some doubts when determining exact start date of a sowing campaign appear, then be guided by the conclusion confirmed in practice: a little not grown seedling is always much better even slightly outgrown! it Is especially actual concerning tomatoes, cucumbers and pumpkin. Therefore some deviations of the calculated dates are admissible only towards later terms of crops.