Smoking - the accelerated death?
are known Of harm of smoking to any smoker as about it it is written on each pack of cigarettes. Family members also know about it: heavy smokers since morning have a cough. He, by the way, is at first and at those who leave off smoking. How smokers arrive? It is necessary to smoke, cough will pass . And it really passes after the next fumigating of bronchial tubes pitches, poisons, psychoactive agents. Whether it is worth perceiving it as the benefit?
Lungs are clogged more and more. As the bees fumigated with a smoke stop thinking about flights, also and eyelashes of bronchial tubes become motionless and are not capable to protect lungs from danger. Besides accumulation of blackness in lungs, in them there is a posterization of membranes through which there is a gas exchange. Blue fingers with nails in a look drum sticks - a sign of the pulmonary problems caused by smoking. Final - purulent bronchitis with pus bags in walls of pneumatic ways, at last, lung cancer.
To Russia tobacco was delivered in the beginning 17th century, and its smoking was pursued by the authorities. The tsar Mikhail Romanov ordered to punish smokers in baculine blows and lashes, and Alexey Romanov in 1649 brought a ban on smoking.
Having come back from Europe, Peter I in 1697 withdrew all ban on tobacco sale, having imposed duty in favor of the state.
Why people, despite obvious harm of fumigating of lungs mix from tens of harmful substances, one of which possess cancerogenic (capable to cause cancer), others atherogenous (capable to generate formation of atherosclerotic plaques on walls of vessels), the third trombogenny (capable to increase risk of obstruction of vessels) action, continue to be tempted with smoking? Why they forget that these effects of tobacco lead to ruptures of vessels, heart attacks, amputations, etc.?
Would be big simplification of a problem to tell that it occurs on the fact that they do not realize what they do.
Nicotine possesses certain properties thanks to which the person gets used to tobacco.
If not to enter details, it, first of all, has the stimulating effect on nervous system that is expressed in increase in speed of reaction, strengthening of concentration of attention, increase of level of wakefulness. Remarkable, it would seem effects. They have only one but : they are artificial, unnatural. And it can mean only one: the organism will try to extinguish them. It is called neuroadaptation . Stimulation from out of - braking from within. You did not notice that smokers are similar to neurasthenics? They stir up the nervous system. Live from a cigarette to a cigarette. Are ready to flash not that on insignificant, but in an insignificant occasion. The dream of the smoker is always worse, than at the person of his type, but non-smoking. Smokers are sanitized others (are nervously exhausted) more, than. On the American statistics, they do not come to work on average 6,5 days more, than non-smoking. In this sense the myth that nicotine though causes independence, but changes the personality - it is insolvent.
Nicotine influences also endocrine glands, in particular adrenal glands which at the same time excrete &ndash hormone in blood; The Adrenaline causing an angiospasm, increase of arterial pressure and increase of warm reductions. Harmful influencing gonads, nicotine promotes development in men of sexual weakness - IMPOTENCES!!! Therefore its treatment is begun with the fact that to the patient suggest to stop smoking.
What to do to the person if he wants to change after all the way of life generating problems if, at last, he understood what it is time to stop smoking? Of course, to resort to system approach for the solution of this problem.
What occurs when we do not smoke or we leave off smoking:
- in 20 minutes - after the last cigarette arterial pressure will decrease to normal, work of heart will be restored, blood supply of palms and a foot will improve.
- in 8 hours - content of oxygen in blood is normalized.
- in 2 days - ability to feel taste and a smell will amplify.
- in a week - complexion will improve, the unpleasant smell from skin, hair will disappear, at an exhalation.
- in a month - obviously it will become easier to breathe, the exhaustion, a headache, will leave especially in the mornings, cough will cease to disturb.
- in half a year - pulse will become more rare, sports results &ndash will improve; you will begin to run, swim quicker, you will feel desire of physical activities.
- in 1 year - the risk of development of a coronary heart trouble in comparison with smokers will decrease half.
- in 5 years - the probability to die of lung cancer in comparison with those who smoke a pack in day will sharply decrease.
Structure of a tobacco smoke
the Tobacco smoke contains more than 4000 components, many of which are pharmacological active, toxic, mutagen and cancerogenic. The tobacco smoke is very difficult on structure and contains thousands of chemicals which get to air in the form of parts or gases. The phase of parts consists of pitch (which, in turn, consists of many chemicals), nicotine and benz (and) pyrene. The gas phase consists of carbon oxide, ammonium, dimethylnitrosamine, formaldehyde, cyanic hydrogen and an akrolein. Some of these substances have obviously expressed irritating properties, and about 60 of them are the known or estimated carcinogens (the substances causing cancer).
Pitch is the most dangerous of chemicals of cigarettes. While people generally smoke from - for impacts of nicotine on a brain, they die mainly from - for pitch influences. When the smoke gets into a mouth in the form of the concentrated aerosol, it brings with itself(himself) millions of parts on cubic centimeter. In process of cooling it is condensed and forms pitch which accumulates in airways of lungs. Pitch is the substance causing cancer and diseases of lungs. Pitch causes paralysis of cleaning process in lungs and damages alveolar sacks. It reduces efficiency of immune system.
Carbon oxide is the colourless gas which is present at high concentration in a cigarette smoke. Its ability to connect to hemoglobin 200 times higher, than at oxygen and therefore it replaces oxygen. In this regard the increased carbon oxide level at the smoker reduces ability of blood to transfer oxygen that affects functioning of all body tissues. The brain and muscles (including warm) cannot work in the full force without sufficient intake of oxygen and to compensate decrease in intake of oxygen to a body, heart and lungs are forced to work with bigger loading that causes problems with blood circulation. Carbon monoxide also damages walls of arteries and increases risk of narrowing of coronary vessels that leads to heart attacks.
Cyanic hydrogen makes direct adverse effect on eyelashes of a bronchial tree, part of the natural cleaning mechanism of lungs at people. Damage of this clearing system can lead to accumulation of toxic agents in lungs, thus, increasing probability of development of an illness. Ammonium, dioxide of nitrogen and formaldehyde concern to other toxic agents of a tobacco smoke who directly influence eyelashes in lungs akrolein.
Treat the radioactive components found in very high concentration in a tobacco smoke polonium - 210 and potassium - 40. In addition, there are such radioactive components as radium - 226, radium - 228 and thorium - 228. It is accurately established that radioactive components are carcinogens.
According to the Canadian scientists, smoking or influences of a smoke increases risk at young women of a breast cancer. Scientists considered the data presented at two-day conference to Toronto in November of the past.
Even moderate impact of passive smoking, for example, if to live or work with the smoker, increases risk of a breast cancer at women when to them 30, 40 or 50 years, - the participant of discussion Anthony Miller, professor and the deputy director for researches at School of public health care at Toronto University declared.
The chairman of group Neill Kollishau reported that about 80 - 90% of the women who are affected by a tobacco smoke at teenage and adult age face the increased risk of a breast cancer.
In other words, prichinno - investigative communication between active smoking and the increased risk of breast cancer at women of all age exists. However there are no enough proofs about communication of passive smoking and breast cancer at elderly and women in a postmenopause yet.
Tobacco on physiology of impact on a human body is similar to alcohol since it leads to the same violations of blood supply of a brain, though by means of other mechanisms. With a tobacco smoke through lungs of the smoker the widest scale of toxic agents gets to blood. Protective forces of an organism are put in action, blood vessels begin to spazmirovat, (contract), interfering with penetration of yadosoderzhashchy blood into thin structures of a brain. As a result same shortage of oxygen.
the smoke Not smoking, but being nearby and inhaling, will test at the same time the same effect, as the smoker. The child of the smoking woman will have the guaranteed genetic defects