Rus Articles Journal

How adverse factors influence a condition of an integument?

Skin are a unique body. In - the first, the biggest (the adult has about two square meters and about 20% of lump of a body weigh), in - the second - the most multidimensional on the functions, among which both breath, and thermal control, and protection, and even removal.

And such variety of its functions is defined by the fact that it is “boundary“ body, that barrier separating us from the outside world. Therefore its tasks include both our protection, and contact with the reality surrounding us.

For this reason our internal state is always reflected in skin, signaling people around about those feelings and need which we feel - reddening at shame, an itch as an impatience sign, pallor or reddening with sweating - at rage and fear, goosebumps - at cold or excitement.

The most important function of skin is a creation of a barrier between an inner world and external. It is a barrier which protects us from various influences of environment, promotes maintenance of a homeostasis of our organism. Skin assumes the first blow at adverse change of temperature of the space surrounding us, at any manifestations of aggression of the outside world.

Therefore it is not surprising that from the point of view of psychology skin is some kind of mirror of our contact with world around. Skin reacts if this contact is inadequate (it a little or much, it is too persuasive or, on the contrary, is cold, formal) if this contact does not correspond to our requirements.

The main problems connected with “contact“ are put at the person in the earliest childhood. There is it from - for insufficient or incomplete contact with mother on the first year of life as at this particular time the need for tactile and emotional contact with mother at the child is also strong, as well as need for food and heat. If mother finds not enough time for communication with the child - less than it is required to it, takes it on hands, embraces and talks to it, then at the child the basic feeling of trust to the world is not formed fully what serves as a platform for further development of uncertainty in itself.

A bit later - since second year of life, the child, besides need for contact with mother, has also an opposite requirement - need for independence, definition of the borders. And here problems can already arise from - for the fact that parents suppress independence of the child, limiting a zone of his contact with world around. It can be shown in:

- imposing of the views, a dictatorial position in relation to the child (“children always have to obey parents“, “we decided to send the child to music school“);

- ignoring of desires and feelings of the child; constantly do not allow to do to the child that he wants (“do not run“, “keep silent“, “do not touch“);

- that parents have no full-fledged border of contact - in this case the child before eyes just has no example as it is correct to build this border and, respectively, the relations with the world (for example, in a family all decisions are made by the father, all others have to submit implicitly).

All this can cause various diseases of skin - from slight rashes to diathesis because the growing organism just yet has no other way to signal people around that requirements it are not satisfied.

And, at last, an important role of skin - perception of pain. Therefore masochistic bents of the person, tendency to self-accusation, self-flagellation, the underestimated self-assessment, difficulties in establishment of relationship with persons of an opposite sex, small sexual activity can be closely connected with skin.

All these psychological problems are formed at children`s age, for example, under the influence of excessively strict and authoritative parents when the child was forced to submit to their will and to fulfill the certain rules or requirements bringing it emotional pains. As a rule, such somatic manifestations as eczema and neurodermatitis are a consequence of such psychological problems.