What is “Skolkovo“?
Are declared that it will be the innovative center for development and commercialization of new technologies (a keyword here - commercialization) in which the latest scientific developments will turn into business - projects.
The president D. A. Medvedev signed the federal law “About the innovative center to Skolkovo“ which as it is declared, provides creating favorable conditions for the organizations which are carrying out research activity in the territory of this center. For financing of the Skolkovo center the fund which agreed with the Ministry of Finance of the Russian Federation about allocation within three years of 85 billion rubles is created. Creation of the Skolkovo center was supported by Nobel Prize laureates Zh. I. Alfyorov and R. Kornberg.
According to R. Kornberg, scientific achievements of Russia allow to make new discoveries and to transfer them to the practical plane. A Zh. And. Alfyorov declared that to administration “Skolkovo“ the mass of applications for implementation of innovative projects already arrived. Organizers of the project especially count on inflow of “brains“ from - for a boundary, on return “our“, left “there“ (and their more than 1 million “heads“). However, judging from the fact that the native of Russia A. Geym who got recently Nobel Prize refused to cooperate about “Skolkovo“, mass inflow of “brains“ from - for a boundary is postponed so far, and “the mass of applications“ arrived from domestic scientists and “our“ scientific organizations.
It is known, and I confirm it on own experience that production in Russia is not susceptible to introduction of achievements of the Russian science at all. His heads will go on 10 rather - multiple expenses abroad, than will get something “ours“. To it there is a mass of explanations which can be a subject of separate article. Just such is feature of our present economy.
It is interesting that for the management of Skolkovo Foundation (the fund, but not the innovative center) created Advisory scientific council into which “the leading Russian and foreign scientists“ entered. Tasks of council - to help to divide those 85 billion rubles. In this sense the name of council is enough - oddish. But it is even more interesting who heads this council. This is well-known V. Vekselberg, one of the largest Russian billionaires. It not the scientist, and especially, not the winner some scientific awards. As they say: “I went to dig worms, time dug, and there …“. Generally, where money, there and V. Vekselberg.
Reference : Victor Vekvelberg, the prominent Russian businessman, is from Ukraine, owning and actively operating the property (by the way, the chairman of the board of directors of the Russian aluminum company). For the first time it was largely lit on construction of Olympic venues in Sochi. After a number of the scandals connected with overestimate of cost of their construction in Sochi faded into the background, but loudly appeared to “Skolkovo“. Of course, it is much more interesting to spend the state money, than to build hotels on the in hope sometime them favourably to sell.
Many Russians who hear numerous mentions of the Skolkovo project, are interested, and it is fair, the same question: “Before“ Skolkovo“ the state attended to creation of so-called “science cities“, such as Dubna, Pushchino, Novosibirsk “Campus“, etc. Why to build one more innovative project moreover and from scratch? Whether it is better to strengthen financing of the existing science cities: it will also cost cheaper?“
However, according to the academician Zh. I. Alfyorov, here is important new (for Russia) idea: to create, as “Silicon Valley“ to the USA, such place where ours (and it is even better - not ours) young talented specialists could realize the ideas and receive for it good money. But if the domestic production how it was told, is not susceptible to the Russian scientific achievements from whom young talented specialists will receive “good money“? In my opinion, the answer is obvious.
Here, however, there are two questions:
1. And what prevents to do it in already available science cities?
2. And how to find (to involve) our businessmen ready to pay good money for new ideas?
The explanation is offered it: the structures which developed in our science - usually conservative and inert therefore under new ideas new structures are necessary. Very disputable justification under huge financing, you do not find?
And here opinion of some of our scientists who adjoined to the Skolkovo project. The academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences V. N. Parmon who was a part of Advisory scientific council “Skolkovo“ in number 25 of the famous Russian and foreign scientists: “Yes, on Council the question of expediency of the project “in a bare floor“ ( besides selected at one of the Russian Academy of Agrarian Sciences scientific institutes ) when in the country there are such powerful reserves as, first of all, Novosibirsk “Campus“, and also compact scientific centers in Dubna, Pushchino, Chernogolovke and to that similar was discussed. Nevertheless the opinion of the top management of the country turned out dominating - that it is necessary to create from scratch the new education which is specially focused on innovative activity already in new economic and social conditions ( and that, our science cities exist in some other conditions? ). Nevertheless Siberians have to belong to “Skolkovo“ more than attentively ( still, there such huge denzhishch! ) … It is necessary to prepare in good time - to offer at least innovative projects in that format which is already accepted to “Skolkovo“.
Academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences N. Petrakov: “The proclaimed course towards modernization quite strange is combined with the relation to our science. It is known that all our academic budget is approximately equal to the budget of average American university. As for Skolkovo ideas, they to me seem very attractive, but … Money is allocated huge, but who and as them will use - me absolutely unclear“.
The member - the correspondent of the Russian Academy of Sciences V. S. Sobolev: “Campus“ even has almost everything now from what in “Skolkovo“ only should be created. Using our base, it is possible to receive result time in five quicker, than to “Skolkovo“, it is much cheaper and more reliably. If “Campus“ had though a third of those preferences that give “Skolkovo“, we could give in 10 - 20 times more, than we give now. So far here everything becomes without thanking, and contrary to, practically on sheer enthusiasm“.