Rus Articles Journal

What did Black Prinze become famous for? Nakhera of

In 1361 the prince married the distant relative. Joanna, the Beautiful Maiden of Kent, was one of the most beautiful women of the time. If who incidentally has a desire to write a romance novel in medieval surroundings - study the biography of the princess Joanna, a subject grateful.

In 1362 Eduard received prince Akvitansky`s title. The word “prince“ has two values. The first - the king`s son. The second is approximately translated into Russian as “prince“. Eduard, the prince of Wales and Akvitansky, was formally a governor of Wales and is real - the king`s deputy in Aquitaine.

So it turned out that in 1360 in the integrated kingdom Castile and Leon there were two kings. Stepbrothers Pedro Zhestocy and Enrique Trastamara fiercely fought for a crown. Does not follow from the fact that Pedro had such nickname automatically at all that Enrique was angel. France considered the friend Henrique, England, respectively - Pedro. It gave the chance to two famous commanders to meet in 1367 at Nakhere (Navaretta). Black Prinze against Bertrand du Gueclen. British and akvitanets (Gascons) against French, and Castilians - on both sides.

Fight at Nakhere - the biggest on number of participants battle of that time. Pedro and Eduard`s army - 28 thousand. Enrique and du Gueclen`s army - 60 thousand. Generally speaking, in this case numerical advantage of British is obvious. The English archer or a kopeyshchik, even having disagreement with the law - the prepared skillful soldier. 40 thousand of du Gueclen entering into army of the “pedestrian kopeyshchik“ - not particularly what crowd with very doubtful fighting qualities. Besides, or as a result of the aforesaid, Eduard for some reason managed to operate the troops during battle - unattainable dream of vast majority of medieval commanders. As usual, Cheshire archers brought confusion in ranks of an enemy cavalry, the heavy English infantry with firmness defended the positions, then took the offensive. Then allies of the king Henrique were just cut. Bertrand du Gueclen was taken prisoner. Enrique Trastamara ran. In two years he managed to kill the brother Pedro during negotiations, to take a crown and to base a new dynasty, but it is already other history.

John Gont, the valorous knight, the skillful commander and in general very interesting character participated in fight at Nakhere among others. Meanwhile it in a shadow of the elder brother.

Navaretta did not bring to Black Prinze any dividends. He received senor Biskayi`s title from the king Pedro (it needed that to Biskaya?) but kopeks of money, and troops should pay in something. It was necessary to lift taxes in the Aquitaine, and it caused discontent of citizens and big problems. The leader dissatisfied was that count Jean D`Armaniac who undoubtedly would “win“ against Eduard in 1355 if he had courage to battle against it. In 1360 columns became the kind vassal of the king of England, and in 1367 began to line Aquitania senores on mutiny.

In addition, in Spain Eduard picked up some chronic illness. It was not succeeded to understand what misfortune tormented the prince and sent, eventually, to the grave. Perhaps not enough sources are rummaged, but not excluded that medieval doctors could not define it.

The next several years the prince was engaged generally in the fact that he suppressed the revolts which were permanently breaking out in Aquitaine. In 1370 it took rebellious Limoges and ordered to exterminate three thousand residents. Perhaps, he for it was nicknamed Black?

In 1371 already seriously ill Eduard returned to England. He still took part in public affairs and in preparation for the next expedition for the Channel, but everything was not that any more.

In 1376, at the age of 45 years, Eduard Chyorny Prinze died, without having become the king. The father endured it for a year, then Eduard`s son Richard got a crown of England.

Richard, Chyorny`s son of Prinze, came to a bad end. The cousin Heinrich, the son Jonah Gonta, dethroned him, ground in Pontefract Castle and starved to death.

Here at me the whole three articles it turned out about Chyorny Prinze, but the name of John Chendos is never mentioned. It is wrong.

Sir John Chendos, subsequently the viscount Saint - Sovyer, was near prince Eduard during battle at Kresi. He was the chief of a staff of the army which crushed French at Poitiers. The position of the chief of a staff in medieval armies, of course, was not, but approximately sir John fulfilled such duties. During fight at Navaretta John Chendos together with John Gont ordered vanguard of the English army. Besides, sir John was a close friend of prince Eduard. It is not excluded that Chyorny`s victories of Prinze were won not least because of John Chendos`s councils. It does not belittle Eduard`s merits, his opponents had good advisers too - and what?

Among other things, sir John dragged for himself the certain person, the talented writer famous to historians as Gerold Tschendosa everywhere. This companion wrote subsequently the poem in which life and Chyorny`s acts of Prinze is in detail described.

John Chendos was more senior than Eduard for about ten years, that is was born no later than 1320. Died in battle, actually - skirmish, with French on New Year`s Eve 1369/1370 years.