Rus Articles Journal

What did Black Prinze become famous for? Poitiers

In September, 1355 this limited contingent landed in Bordeaux. Each archer and a kopeyshchik had a horse, raids were provided to be made astride. It does not mean that the case consisted of a cavalry.

In - the first, it was impossible to battle astride somehow, Cheshire archers could shoot only standing on the earth. Besides, to the English or Welsh yeoman was on means to buy a decent saddle horse, but the fighting horse was 10 - 20 times more expensive, expenses unreasonable.

The English knights in army of prince Eduard there was a minute quantity. But the Aquitania and Gascon senores who remained faithful vassals of the king of England joined it at once. Here to you and the knightly cavalry, however, is enough - small.

On October 5 the army moved on the East. They were about five thousand or a little more - the knights, yeomen who are looking for amnesties of criminals. Well-known, beautiful and rich earth Armagnac. The English army with enthusiasm devastated and ruined the cities and villages. The prince in the letter to the bishop Uinchestersky notices that such tactics serves as a big consolation for locals - the kind citizens of the king Eduard who are terribly oppressed by the French count who was temporarily occupying this country.

The count Jean D`Armaniac had rather big forces too. But konnetabl France preferred to recede heroically, receded until it appeared in Toulouse. Black Prinze did not begin to storm this big, well strengthened city moreover protected by impressive garrison. Also Narbona reached Carcassonne, robbed and set fire to these cities and turned back.

It is impossible to tell that raid was easy walk, in some places it was necessary to encounter resistance and the French army nearby was. Graf D`Armanyak even bragged then of the hypothetical victory - if only he could catch up with British. But even the king of France did not believe the count.

The main task of campaign was carried out - vassals - traitors are approximately punished, faithful citizens of the king Eduard are inspired and not bad earned.

The prince spent nearly a year to Bordeaux, feasting with new friends and preparing for new feats. The campaign began on August 4, 1356. Now the way lay on the North. In three weeks British reached Burzha, did not begin to besiege this strengthened city, but burned suburbs. Then turned on the West and four days ruined vicinities Tura. On September 11 it became known that the king Jean Dobry at the head of huge army was transported through Loire everything in thirty miles above on a current.

The army of the king of France moved slowly, but Black Prinze`s army - even more slowly. It was necessary to send extensively furazhir, and then to wait for them return. There is a wish to eat that-. To both horses, and people.

In the evening on September 18 the king of the prince caught up. It is a little to the south of the nice city of Poitiers in which neighborhood there were already two well-known fights (507 and 732). It was theoretically possible to jerk on the South, but hasty retreat, without the food, with enemy army on shoulders - not the best exit.

French quite could surround and compel army of the prince to delivery. But they were more than twenty thousand, and the most part was made by proud knights, and the opponent has only seven thousand, knights - it is good if a third.

Some sources consider that in army of the king of France there were 60 thousand soldiers. Perhaps. But not all connections reached by September 19 Poitiers, and some left a battlefield, without having entered battle.

Eduard understood that his situation - breath-taking. Several days in the blocked camp, without the food, plus French every day become more and more - any chances. But the king Jean solved in a different way.

Lord William Douglas (Scot) told the king about victories of his clan over British. And it is so clear that a heavy cavalry on strongly crossed, partially the marshland - any not force. It was ordered to French knights to dismount.

But not all. The cases of marshals of Odrekhem and Clermont strengthened by the German allies remained in a saddle. It is unknown, the count Warrick specially feigned retreat or just made maneuvers, but Odrekhem was moved and attacked the left flank of the English army without order.

Clermont, though not without doubts, decided to support the colleague and began attack on the flank. Afterwards infantry cases moved forward.

To 1356, the taught by bitter experience, French knights tried to obtain a lamellar armor already. It was possible to punch them an arrow only at very big luck. Therefore Cheshire archers shot, generally at horses. Several hundreds of wounded horses in orders of the coming army. Cavalrymen cannot keep in a saddle and fly down, under hoofs. Infantrymen are just pressed. Practically nothing is visible, to lift a visor under heavy rain of arrows - pure suicide.

Nevertheless the infantry case of a dauphin of Charles (the eldest son of the king) managed to reach the English positions. However, it was not united fighting connection, and the rumpled demoralized crowd. British resisted fiercely and managed to reject French.

Afterwards attacked the case of the duke Orleansky. Moved forward harmonous ranks, and through its ranks knights from the dauphin case ran in panic. Then - arrows from long onions. Speshenny chained in armor to knights the English archers could not do essential harm, but which - who all - was got, and nerves spoiled very much specifically. On a bib and a helmet arrows knock. It seems as they should not punch armor, but time on time is not necessary. Cheerfully.

The duke Orleansky could not break through a position of British too.

The king Jean Dobry ordered the third case. Eduard`s soldiers were already on the last legs. Terrible long arrows practically came to an end. To defend there are no forces.

Black Prinze ordered to all British to get onto horses. It is not a cavalry - horses not fighting, Cheshire archers and the Welsh kopeyshchik are not trained in fight in a saddle. And here please, by means of such improvisation it was succeeded to mix a close formation of brave French knights. Real English (more true, Gascon) the cavalry - at most three hundred riders - made the hidden round, struck to the flank, and the French knights stopped being brave.

However, the king Jean battled bravely and up to the end. All the same, of course, was taken prisoner - British were not so reckless to destroy such valuable trophy.

Two and a half thousand French died in fight at Poitiers, two thousand were taken prisoner. Very considerable part - notable senores, color of the French elite. All others ran up and stopped being fighting force. Only - a dauphin Charles took away from a battlefield the shabby case more - less as it should be, having left to the mercy of fate the father and the brother.

There is a version that after events of 1355 - 1356 French nicknamed Eduard Chyornym Prinze. Well to call not Kind.