Rus Articles Journal

What did Black Prinze become famous for? Kres of

it is possible, the Royal Printer Richard Grafton used authentic data, perhaps, somewhere heard something, but is not excluded that thought up everything. After its issue of “the Big Chronicle“ (1568) Eduard began to be called Black Prinze, and in earlier sources this nickname somehow does not meet.

If you incidentally get by the personal time machine to England of the 14th century and ask where to find Black Prinze - be ready that severe yeomen will meet you by puzzled looks.

But prince Eduard had other nickname, official - Woodstock. It is explained by the fact that the queen Filippa liked to travel and gave birth to sons where it is necessary. So they were also called, in the birthplace - Eduard Vudstok, William Hatfild, Lionel Antverpen, John Gont (Ghent), Edmund Langley, Thomas and William Vindzory who died in infancy and the youngest Thomas, Woodstock which was born in the main royal residence too.

Prince Eduard was born in 1330 when the king Edward III was 17 years old, and the queen - nearly 16. At two-year age Eduard became a count, later - the first English duke, and to the thirteenth birthday - officially the prince. Prince of Wales, duke Kornuollsky, columns Chester. By the way, the same titles are carried also by the present successor of a throne, the Scottish were added only to them some more.

In 1337 the father of our hero publicly declared the rights for a crown of France. A series of campaigns called subsequently Centenary war began. One of the best-known - expedition of 1346. In general, three loud victories of British, Kresi, Poitiers and Azenkur, are very similar in the scenario. The big French army pursues much the smaller English, drives it into the deadlock, forces to accept battle. Then storms the English positions in a forehead and runs into serious troubles. If followers of New Chronology reached - would declare one fight, in different documents called differently. However, the English bureaucrats of the 14-15th centuries exhausted so much paper in the course of preparation of each of campaigns that several tons of counterarguments could be laid out without problems.

So, 1346, Kresi. Prince Eduard orders vanguard, after expansion by the become right flank of the English army. Clear business, the prince has to be in an armor. But the king of England did not decide to devote in knights of the sixteen-year-old boy - even on such gross violation of traditions. A black armor, without the coats of arms - the knightly armor which is put not on by the knight. One of options. Besides, the armor which is not polished was called black, and I pound them to polish if the owner still grows, and soon they for him will not become suitable. All this versions, of course.

French come.

In the first half of the 14th century the lamellar armor was a big rarity and the prices bit. Most of knights managed haurbeky - a chain armor. The arrow from the English long onions punched a chain armor with a high probability. And all the same from onions to mow clean the whole army - it is unreal. Archers provided intensive firing within minutes so to seven, and then both arrows came to an end, and the hand was tired. Only not the harmonous column of the knights burning with military passion, and the demoralized thinned crowd reached the English positions. Hand-to-hand began. French was much, generally - skillful soldiers. At the price of incredible efforts the English kopeyshchik and speshenny knights rejected the enemy back. That rearranged and again went to attack.

And so 16 times.

Columns Uorvik and Oxford, deputy commanders of the right wing, seeing as the fort is difficult held and what danger threatens life of the prince, sent to the king with a request for reinforcements. Edward III refused and added:

- Let the boy will deserve the spurs.

In the evening when the French army huge for those times was completely crushed, the king already had full moral authority to devote the sixteen-year-old son in knights (to tie up to it gilded spurs).

Forces of the parties in different sources float quite strongly, not 12 thousand against 30, not 20 against 50. Losses of the French army - one and a half thousand only of knights (11 of them - with very loud titles), is more than two thousand arbaletchik, and usual infantry - a set, nobody considered. Losses of British - about 300 people.

Fight at Kresi - one of the first cases of application of artillery in field battle. At British was a little (five?) small guns, and they brought confusion in ranks of French too. However, intensive firing could not be - process of loading was difficult and long.

The king of Bohemia Johann Lyuksemburgsky by 50 years almost completely went blind. Therefore he ordered to tie himself to a saddle, and the horse - to horses of two armourbearers, and rushed in attack in the ranks of the French army. Then, when its corpse was found in the field of fight, prince Eduard took himself Johann`s motto “I serve“ and his black coat of arms with ostrich feathers. However, it was the informal coat of arms used only on the board intended for tournaments. Johann Lyuksemburgsky was, of course, a valorous knight, but the commander from him - any, and young prince perfectly understood it.

After fight at Kresi Eduard took part in a siege of Calais and in sea battle at Uinchesli whom the English fleet won against Castilians.

The swan song of Black Prinze - expedition of 1355-1356.

Aquitaine - hereditary possession of kings of England, from the great-great-grandmother Aliyenora got. By itself, Aquitania and Gascon senores are vassals of the English king.

But French began to intrigue actively recently, won many senores over, and those that remained true, entered into confusion.

For some reason it is considered that to a shevosha - something like a robbery on main road. The enemy army interferes in the unprotected area how many the imagination is enough, rages, plunders and ruins. All this so.

But it is difficult to find the best way in order that at a lack of forces and means:

a) to cause to the opponent the maximum loss;
) to punish incorrect vassals;
in) to rally and give the chance to cause a stir to vassals true.

In good time officials English began to scribble orders to sheriffs who, how many arrows, onions, pork hulks and all other have to make available to the prince. The infinite commissions left to ports with the purpose to select the ships, suitable for transportation of army. Then, of course, made reports on business trip. The absolute majority of these documents remained.

Eduard gathered army, generally in the possession. Prince of Wales and columns Chester. Though long onions generally the invention of Britons, Welshmen mostly were hired as kopeyshchik, but not archers.

The city is called Chester, and the county - Cheshayr. Therefore the count - Chester, and cats and archers - Cheshire.

Each respectable yeoman who entered army of prince Eduard obtained a written guarantee of inviolability of his property, and after victorious return - certain privileges from the king, in certain cases - generous gifts.

But there were also other options. Having returned after fight at Poitiers to Bordeaux, the copyists attached to Eduard packs began to produce documents of this kind:

“The archer Will Clinton nicely served England, in this regard I petition before your Majesty for forgiveness of the numerous robberies and robberies made by it“.

“Kopejschtschik George Bash heroically battled against French, I ask to forgive three murders and six mutilations committed by him“.

Considerable part of army of Black Prinze - shtrafbat concrete.