How to leave off smoking?
About harm of smoking
Nicotine - the alkaloid which is contained in leaves and stalks of tobacco. When smoking it is inhaled with a smoke, through lungs gets to the blood course, breaks a gematoentsefalichesky barrier and in several seconds gets to the central nervous system. Other point of application of effect of nicotine are vegetative gangliya.
Carbon monoxide (carbon monoxide) is very toxic component of a tobacco smoke. The mechanism of pathogenic effect of carbon monoxide is rather simple: taking up with hemoglobin, carbon monoxide forms connection carboxyhemoglobin. It interferes with normal delivery of oxygen to bodies and fabrics therefore chronic oxygen starvation develops. Especially adverse effect is exerted by carbon monoxide on an organism of the pregnant woman, a germ and a fruit.
Ammonia and tobacco tar (pitches) at combustion of tobacco get into a trachea, bronchial tubes and lungs. Ammonia is dissolved in moist mucous membranes of the top airways, turning into the liquid ammonia irritating mucous and causing its increased secretion. A result of constant irritation - cough, bronchitis, hypersensibility to inflammatory infections and allergic diseases. And, along with the smoker, also “compulsory“ smokers suffer: they receive a huge dose of harmful substances.
Understood terms, now we pass to the most important:
1) From what the people using nicotine suffer?
The most often found reasons of violent death:
Smoking: 1 of 25
Motorcycle accidents: 1 of 60
of Road accident: 1 of 600
of Plane crash: 1 of 10. 000. 000.
Smoking reason of a third of all death of malignant diseases., tumors. If you daily smoke more than 10 cigarettes, then thereby by 24 times increase probability to develop a lung cancer.
At this disease the airways conducting to lungs are narrowed and injured, and the most part of pulmonary fabric is destroyed. By the time of when the otdyshka appears, almost all surface mucous bronchial tubes is destroyed. Only last year more than 30000 people died of chronic bronchitis in our country. You can be the following.
A heart trouble and vessels
the Reason of the people who died sudden death, against the general wellbeing, is the angiospasm as a result of smoking and as a result of the coronary heart disease (CHD). In our country at the blossoming age IBS is the main reason for death. The smoking people twice more often die, than not smokers.
Influence of smoking on sexual function.
By 3 times meet impotence cases at men in comparison with not smokers more often. Frigid women among smokers by 2,5 times meet in comparison with non-smoking more often. It is connected with the fact that nicotine promotes narrowing of vessels of genitals.
Influence of smoking on health of the woman
the Smoking women more often are fruitless, pregnancy at them comes less than at non-smoking. Besides, at the first there comes the menopause quicker. It demonstrates that smoking adversely influences functions of ovaries. At the smoking women the risk of spontaneous abortion, bleeding is a little increased during pregnancy. The smoking women several times grow old quicker, than non-smoking.
Influence of smoking on development of a fruit
the Body weight of the child born by the smoking mother is about 200 grams less, than at not the smoker. At the children born by the smoking women the risk of death at early age is slightly more often. It is connected with easing and an arrest of development of a fruit from - for toxins vkhodyashchikhv structure of cigarettes.
Skin, teeth, breath
the Smoke of cigarettes has a disgusting smell which strongly eats in clothes, impregnates skin and breath. You have every chance to get is yellow - gray teeth, a fetid odor from a mouth of which neither rinsings, nor a chewing gum will relieve - to kiss the smoker, all the same, that to lick an ashtray. Skin of hands and the person, from - for nicotine, will get is yellow - gray color. Face skin will remind wrinkled baked apple.
is exposed to Poisoning with nicotine not only the person suffering from smoking, but all people around which are with it in close proximity.
2) Smoking - harm is obvious.
Any smoker as about it it is written on each pack of cigarettes knows of harm of smoking. Family members also know about it: heavy smokers since morning have a cough. He, by the way, is at first and at those who leave off smoking. How smokers arrive? “It is necessary to smoke, cough will pass“. And it really passes after the next fumigating of bronchial tubes pitches, poisons, psychoactive agents. Whether it is worth perceiving it as the benefit?
Lungs are clogged more and more. As the bees fumigated with a smoke stop thinking about flights, also and eyelashes of bronchial tubes become motionless and are not capable to protect lungs from danger. Besides accumulation of blackness in lungs, in them there is a posterization of membranes through which there is a gas exchange. Blue fingers with nails in the form of “drum sticks“ - a sign of the pulmonary problems caused by smoking. The final - purulent bronchitis with pus bags in walls of pneumatic ways, at last, lung cancer.
Why people, despite obvious harm of fumigating of lungs mix from tens of harmful substances, one of which possess cancerogenic (capable to cause cancer), others atherogenous (capable to generate formation of atherosclerotic plaques on walls of vessels), the third trombogenny (capable to increase risk of obstruction of vessels) action, continue to be tempted with smoking? Why they forget that these effects of tobacco lead to ruptures of vessels, heart attacks, amputations, etc.? On the American statistics in the country for the reasons connected with smoking 420000 Americans (the fifth part of all death) annually perish. It is not necessary to think that at us the situation is better.
Would be big simplification of a problem to tell that it occurs on the fact that they do not realize what they do.
Nicotine possesses certain properties thanks to which the person gets used to tobacco.
If not to enter details, it, first of all, has the stimulating effect on nervous system that is expressed in increase in speed of reaction, strengthening of concentration of attention, increase of level of wakefulness. Remarkable, it would seem effects. They have only one “but“: they are artificial, unnatural. And it can mean only one: the organism will try to extinguish them. It is called “neuroadaptation“. Stimulation from out of - braking from within. You did not notice that smokers are similar to neurasthenics? They “stir up“ the nervous system. Live from a cigarette to a cigarette. Are ready to flash not that on insignificant, but in an insignificant occasion. The dream of the smoker is always worse, than at the person of his type, but non-smoking. Smokers “are sanitized“ others (are nervously exhausted) more, than. On the American statistics, they do not come to work on average 6,5 days more, than non-smoking. In this sense the myth that nicotine though causes independence, but changes the personality - is insolvent.
What to do to the person if he wants to change after all the way of life generating problems if, at last, he understood what it is time to stop smoking? Of course, to resort to system approach for the solution of this problem.
3) We die as flies.
In the Russian Federation smokes about 50% of adult population, and about 100. 000 Russians annually die of smoking. Scientists believe that now on our planet there are about one billion smokers. Diseases which are directly or indirectly connected with smoking claim every year three and a half million lives. In twenty years the general such diseases mortality will reach ten million and will exceed number of victims of HIV - an infection.
By results of researches of Columbia University (New - York) revealed new harmful effect of smoking: baseless scare. Teenagers who smoke more than one pack of cigarettes a day are subject to attacks of causeless panic in 15 times more, than their non-smoking peers.
5) What occurs when we do not smoke or we leave off smoking:
… in 20 minutes - after the last cigarette arterial pressure will decrease to normal, work of heart will be restored, blood supply of palms and a foot will improve.
in 8 hours - the content of oxygen in blood is normalized.
in 2 days - ability to feel taste and a smell will amplify.
in a week - complexion will improve, the unpleasant smell from skin, hair will disappear, at an exhalation.
in a month - obviously it will become easier to breathe, the exhaustion, a headache, will leave especially in the mornings, cough will cease to disturb.
in half a year - pulse will become more rare, sports results will improve - you will begin to run, swim quicker, will feel desire of physical activities.
in 1 year - the risk of development of a coronary heart trouble in comparison with smokers will decrease half.
in 5 years - the probability to die of lung cancer in comparison with those who smoke a pack in day will sharply decrease.
6) Smoking leads to overcoolings.
Scientists from Veyl`s University showed that at smokers regulation of a skin blood-groove is broken, from - for what they more often than other people, suffer from overcooling.
As showed the researches conducted by them, at actively smoking people normal reaction of skin to cooling is broken - constructive reactions (narrowing of vessels) begin to prevail over dilatation (expansion of vessels). As a result the general resistance of vascular system increases, and also the skin blood-groove decreases. And that is interesting, this effect remained even in case the smoker abstained from smoking on 1 - 2 day - that is the changes of a vascular wall which are its cornerstone had irreversible character.
7) Smoking shortens life
At smokers risk of a myocardial infarction almost twice higher, and the risk of sudden warm death is 2 - 4 times higher, than at non-smoking, the Vrachebnye Tayny newspaper writes. Smoking is considered the reason of 20% of all cases of warm death and 30% of all cases of death of cancer. Smoking also belongs to major factors of risk of a stroke. On average smoking shortens life for 7 years.
The more cigarettes you smoke, the risk is higher. However any quantity of the cigarettes smoked in a day increases risk, and smoking of cigarettes with “the lowered content“ of pitch or nicotine does not provide decrease in the increased risk. Smoking of a tube also increases risk.
Passive smoking - inhalation of a tobacco smoke non-smoking - also increases risk of death from warmly - vascular diseases. Most of all children suffer from it. These involuntary smokers begin to experience harmful effect of tobacco in a maternal womb if the pregnant woman smokes. But the risk of coronary heart disease and stroke caused by smoking completely is eliminated in 2 or 3 years after you leave off smoking.
8) Structure of a tobacco smoke.
The tobacco smoke contains more than 4000 components, many of which are pharmacological active, toxic, mutagen and cancerogenic. The tobacco smoke is very difficult on structure and contains thousands of chemicals which get to air in the form of parts or gases. The phase of parts consists of pitch (which, in turn, consists of many chemicals), nicotine and benz (and) pyrene. The gas phase consists of carbon oxide, ammonium, dimethylnitrosamine, formaldehyde, cyanic hydrogen and an akrolein. Some of these substances have obviously expressed irritating properties, and about 60 of them are the known or estimated carcinogens (the substances causing cancer).
Pitch is the most dangerous of chemicals of cigarettes. While people generally smoke from - for impacts of nicotine on a brain, they die mainly from - for pitch influences. When the smoke gets into a mouth in the form of the concentrated aerosol, it brings with itself(himself) millions of parts on cubic centimeter. In process of cooling it is condensed and forms pitch which accumulates in airways of lungs. Pitch is the substance causing cancer and diseases of lungs. Pitch causes paralysis of cleaning process in lungs and damages alveolar sacks. It reduces efficiency of immune system.
Carbon oxide is the colourless gas which is present at high concentration in a cigarette smoke. Its ability to connect to hemoglobin 200 times higher, than at oxygen and therefore it replaces oxygen. In this regard the increased carbon oxide level at the smoker reduces ability of blood to transfer oxygen that affects functioning of all body tissues. The brain and muscles (including warm) cannot work in the full force without sufficient intake of oxygen and to compensate decrease in intake of oxygen to a body, heart and lungs are forced to work with bigger loading that causes problems with blood circulation. Carbon monoxide also damages walls of arteries and increases risk of narrowing of coronary vessels that leads to heart attacks.
Cyanic hydrogen makes direct adverse effect on eyelashes of a bronchial tree, part of the natural cleaning mechanism of lungs at people. Damage of this clearing system can lead to accumulation of toxic agents in lungs, thus, increasing probability of development of an illness. Ammonium, dioxide of nitrogen and formaldehyde concern to other toxic agents of a tobacco smoke who directly influence eyelashes in lungs akrolein.
Treat the radioactive components found in very high concentration in a tobacco smoke polonium - 210 and potassium - 40. In addition, there are such radioactive components as radium - 226, radium - 228 and thorium - 228. It is accurately established that radioactive components are carcinogens.
9) Effect of nicotine on heart.
Cardiac diseases and strokes are more widespread among smokers, than among non-smoking. Smoking of cigarettes is the main factor of a coronary heart trouble. Nicotine in a tobacco smoke causes essential increase in heart rate and a blood pressure. As a result of smoking heart is forced to work with bigger loading and it needs more oxygen. At the same time carbon monoxide from a tobacco smoke reduces amount of oxygen which is transferred by blood to heart. Nicotine and a monoxide of carbon damage walls of the arteries having a normal gleam, the zhiropodobny substances circulating in blood filter into these walls. As a result of a wall of arteries become covered by hems and are thickened, their gleam is narrowed and almost blocked.
The cardiac muscle remains healthy, only if there is good current of blood to it through coronary arteries. With a current of years as part of normal process of aging, these vessels are gradually narrowed from - for degenerate processes in their walls. At smokers this process happens quicker than usual. Often the blood proceeding through such promiseds vessels is suddenly turned with formation of blood clots (coronary thrombosis), causing serious damages of a cardiac muscle. Coronary thrombosis is a common cause of death of men and women aged from 35 till 65 years. Development and the course of a coronary heart trouble depends on quantity of the smoked cigarettes, extent of inhalation and age of the beginning of smoking.
The increased risk of a coronary heart trouble among smokers sharply decreases as soon as the habit to tobacco is left. After about three years of no smoking risk to die of this illness becomes approximately same, as well as at non-smoking. Continuing to smoke after a heart attack, the smoker increases the chances of the second heart attack.
All smokers have the increased risk of development of a stroke, however, the smoking women who use oral contraceptives, have by 20 times bigger risk of a heart attack and by 20 times bigger risk of a stroke in comparison with non-smoking women who do not use oral contraceptives.
Besides a stroke, sudden heart attack and a coronary illness serdets, smoking can have other serious medical consequences. Symptoms of a peripheral vascular illness are cold brushes and feet that is caused by narrowing of the vessels bearing blood to hands and legs. If the clot of blood blocks already dried artery, it can lead to gangrene. Gangrene often demands amputation of fingers, hands or legs. Most of the people having a peripheral vascular illness are smokers.
10) The irritating substances of a tobacco smoke.
The irritating substances of a tobacco smoke (pitches and cyanic hydrogen) cause development of bronchitis and emphysema. Smoking does harm to mechanisms of a filtration of the inhaled air in an organism. Chemicals of a tobacco smoke, in particular cyanic hydrogen, akrolein, ammonia, nitrogen dioxide and formaldehyde, make direct adverse effect on the eyelashes which are part of the natural cleaning mechanism in easy people. Eyelashes, the thin volosovidny structures covering tubes of bronchial tubes collect and take out the inhaled impurity. Damage of this system can lead to a congestion of slime and toxic substances in lungs, increasing, thus, probability of development of diseases of lungs.
The Chronic Obstructive Diseases of Lungs (CODL) include three separate, but often interconnected development of an illness, namely:
The chronic excess release of slime leading to chronic cough. It can be connected with an initial stage of an infection of airways (chronic bronchitis).
The thickening and narrowing of airways leading to difficulty of breath.
Injury of small airways in lungs, finally leading to destruction of elastic fibers and alveolar sacks (emphysema). It reduces ability of lungs to reduction and expansion, and also reduces amount of pulmonary fabric through which oxygen can come to an organism.
All three processes of HOZL lead to the progressing loss of function of lungs.
Clinically significant stages of emphysema occur almost only only at smokers. Weight of emphysema at smokers increases depending on number of the cigarettes smoked in day and an experience of smoking. Almost all those who smoke more than 20 cigarettes a day find some degree of emphysema.
The chronic nature of these diseases means that those at whom they developed can live many years, but with a certain degree of discomfort and disability. In the worst option, the people having these diseases can appear depending on systems of maintenance of life.
About 80% of death of HOZL are charged to smoking. Heavy smokers have by 30 times higher risk of development of HOZL in comparison with non-smoking.
11) As smoking affects skin.
The skin lacking for oxygen from - for smoking, becomes dry and gray.
In several researches it was shown that quality of skin is influenced by susceptibility to a tobacco smoke, regardless of age and influence of the sun. Smokers, apparently, test earlier and more expressed rugosity of the person, especially around eyes and a mouth, depending on quantity of the smoked cigarettes and duration of susceptibility to action of a smoke. At many smoking people “the face of the smoker“ or a wrinkle on the face develops. Front wrinkles disperse under the correct corners from the top and lower lips or superficial wrinkles develop on cheeks and the lower jaw.
Gray skin color, fatigue, the rigid, exhausted, rough look, and also orange, purple or red tone of skin belong to other constantly noted features.
The smoke can influence skin in several ways. External influence of the irritating chemicals of a smoke can promote chronic squint, dryness or irritation of skin or to cause damage of connecting fabric. It was also shown that smoking causes damage to collagen and elastin, that is substances which are also important for preservation of elasticity of skin.
It was noted that educational campaigns which are mentioned impact of smoking on the person can exert a greater influence among youth as threat of development of other diseases can seem too remote to make the constraining impact. Within several weeks after the smoking termination color and a structure of face skin will improve because more oxygen comes to an organism.
12) Reaction of an organism to smoking.
Smoking even of one cigarette causes a wide range of physiological reactions.
Smoking of a cigarette makes immediate impact on an organism. For most of new smokers taste of the smoked cigarette is awful. Heart rate increases within one minute since the beginning of smoking and can grow by 30% the first 10 minutes. The blood pressure increases, and peripheral blood circulation is slowed down that leads to fall of temperature of skin. Abstention from regular smoking for 24 hours causes a pulse urezheniye during rest on about 10 beats per minute, but the first cigarette smoked after this period causes immediate increase in heart rate.
Smoking strengthens physical displays of a stress in an organism and does not allow, it is as usual supposed, the smoker to relax. The researches using video games as psychological stressor showed that such stress causes increase of pulse on 12 beats per minute and growth of systolic arterial pressure upon 15 mm of a mercury column. Smoking during such activity causes further increase of these parameters with increase in pulse by about 30 beats per minute and the systolic arterial pressure upon about 20 mm of a mercury column.
Changes happen in brain waves (EEG), rise is given to a number of endocrine and metabolic effects, and also there is a relaxation of skeletal muscles. The monoxide of carbon reduces saturation by oxygen of the blood circulating on bodies and tissues of a body. It worsens functioning of muscles, and can badly influence sight, especially at height.
So, we hope that this article fought off you any desire further to continue to smoke. And now after reading of this article, go outside, make a deep breath of fresh air and go properly be trained!