How to live in harmony with the conscience?
Russia, ninetieth years: line for deficiency. Two aunts were linked among themselves: “ Unscrupulous where you climb?“. In reply: “You lost any conscience ! You did not stand here!“
Movie “Gentlemen of Good Luck“: heroes rush about across the prison territory in search of the car by which they have to make “escape“. Behind their backs the banner hangs: “On freedom with clear conscience !“
the Announcement at an entrance of the multi-storey building: “Uv. residents! Where your conscience ? Throw out garbage to the neighboring yard“ (the spelling is kept).
What is conscience?
Lips of children. Pavlik, 6 years: “It is such little man who sits at me in the head and speaks to me when I do well and when not really …“
the Marine, 9 years: “When I was small, I ate cherries from cake. Mother asked me who made it. I answered that I do not know. Then she told that who tells a lie, that has no conscience. Conscience is when people tell the truth and never lie“.
Wikipedia : “ Conscience - ability of the personality to independently formulate own moral duties and to realize moral self-checking, to demand from itself their performance and to make an assessment of the acts made by it; one of expressions of moral consciousness of the personality“.
Follows from this definition that conscience - especially individual concept. Each person himself regulates the ethical and moral standards. At the level of feelings conscience prompts to the owner that he does truly and where is mistaken. Conscience of each of us is formed under the influence of public norms, education and own experience. This process happens over all human life.
conscientiousness DegreeConscience acts as
as the regulating beginning of the person in the relations with other members of society. It can move the person on this or that act for purely subjective reasons.
Often conscience is a brake which keeps us from commission of any actions, as if warning about illegality, an inaccuracy and possible negative consequences of an act.
Conscientiousness degree can be defined as a measure of moral responsibility to others. A remorse is familiar to all. They can be felt differently: from small discomfort to the real depression.
If at the individual the feeling of conscientiousness is strongly developed, then any wrong act can cause strong moral sufferings. It is especially peculiar to people very emotional and sensitive.
There is also an opposite category of people: them often call unscrupulous . They are capable to make the terrifying acts and at the same time not to test any remorse. Degree of their conscientiousness is equal to zero. Such people, as a rule, do not realize what they create, often lie and krivodushnichat.
The ancient saying is known to all: “At whom conscience is true, that can sleep peacefully“. In other words, arriving on conscience, we find composure and rest. Adolf Hitler, for example, repeatedly declared that he will exempt mankind from this the “humiliating chimera“ called by conscience. What this person was capable of? Comments are excessive … Conscience and shame
As we found out
, conscience - especially individual property of each person. It is independent of opinion of people around. Except conscience there is other internal mechanism controlling our consciousness. It is shame . By means of this feeling of people realizes that sometimes it comes to a counterbalance to the standard norms and laws of the hostel, i.e. he feels guilty.
Unlike conscience sense of shame completely depends on opinion of people around which can condemn any for violation of some norms. The person will feel by that bigger shame for deeds, than the opinion of the person which to it indicated it is more important and more significant.
At the same time often it turns out so: the person considers that he did not make anything of that kind suprotiv the accepted rules, but his society everything - condemned as this way it is not accepted to act. In this case sense of shame works approximately according to such scheme: “They think that I made something not so in this situation, but they are wrong. But it is all the same a shame to me because they about me so think“. The vicious circle turns out.
Conscience and a debtthe Debt acts as
in relation to conscience as the mechanism of its incentive action and an assessment. The debt, as well as conscience, does not depend on opinion of people around. The debt “rules“ to be conscience honest in any situation: when nobody sees you, nobody can check, even when you were dishonest, and it will never become obvious.
If conscience says to you that yours action or an act corresponds to a debt then that you arrived on conscience , i.e. the act is made out of a debt as that was demanded by conscience.
How to get on with the conscience
Conscience - eyes of soul of the person, the special psychological mechanism which operates in us, comparing and checking whether there correspond our actions and acts to a debt.
It is possible to formulate several basic principles which will help to live in a consent with own conscience.
• Arrive equally concerning different people in an identical situation.
• Act equally for the same person in different situations.
• Arrive the same as would like that other person (on your place) treated you in a similar situation.
To live in harmony with itself, with the conscience, comprehending secrets of life - whether in it the most great happiness consists?