Taxes: from where undertook and whether it is necessary to pay them?
to Pay taxes - the constitutional duty of each able-bodied citizen living in the democratic state. Taxes are the obligatory payments raised by the state (the central and local authorities) from natural and legal entities in the state and local budgets.
Taxes share on direct and indirect, established in the form of an extra charge to the price of goods or service.
“If people had nothing to pay taxes and taxes, then they were taken louses if only the population did not idle“, - the Spanish chronicler of Syes de Leon, the researcher of pre-Columbian America tells.
In what currency the population of Russia in the near and long-term future will pay taxes, we will try to predict in a key of the old data following from history of our state.
History narrates that today`s allocation of Moscow “principality“ as “the capital city“ - the state dominating over other regions - already was once. Then Moscow collected a tax in the form of a tribute on all subordinates of lands. Now this allocation and isolation of the capital from all other state repeats last events which split society into the rich and beggars.
They say that Genghis Khan from all subordinates of lands took him tithe, and consider it as a fair tax. Fair this payment was first of all for Genghis Khan, but not for payers of a tax, the burden of payment at whom increased in two, and even three times from - for increases in excises and introduction of new taxes.
To answer the question posed, it is necessary to understand semantic filling of this payment. For this purpose we will define the primary source which paid the first contribution. When the tax is a democratic measure of withdrawal of appliances at the population which in most part is free. As at not free people - the slaves deprived of all it is right, - there are no taxes.
Probably, among progenitors who everything were relatives by birth there was always someone “strongest“ which selected to itself(himself) all best. “Strongest“ who was described by Ch. Darwin always wins and to struggle with him is useless. Usually the leader (leader) who established the laws in community which were carried out under supervision of the leader was the strongest.
Similar selection by a tax to call difficult. The tax is a fund raising on common cause which proved at the level of a communal patrimonial system more likely. “Strongest“ at the level of the community uniting several families declared on council: “I do not want to work and therefore I offer myself as your defender. I will protect you, and you for it will feed and dress me“.
Similar speech of the chief of family can be alternative: “The group of people which will follow my instructions, to pacify “hooligans“ and to protect you from an arbitrariness of “strongest“ is necessary for us. On the maintenance of this team introduction of appliances in the form of production of agriculture and something concrete is required“. This entering of property into the general moneybox also was the first tax collecting.
It is considered that the well-known tax “tithe“ goes back to an extreme antiquity and it is described in the Bible - when Abraham gave to the high priest Melchizedek the tenth part of all production received as military trophies. The tithe, according to the Bible, consisted of the tenth part of all gained income from agriculture, animal husbandry and other sources of receiving arrived to advantage of levits and then the high priest.
A donation “tithe“ the legalized payment became after Tursky (567) and Makonsky (585) cathedrals. Obligatory payment on the maintenance of church the tithe was declared by Charles the Great in 779. Between “sovereign“ and his citizens at the time of vassal dependence it is difficult to speak about the existing mutual settlements. And about payments of the population paying a quitrent to the feudal lord, at this time the speech is not present at all.
For more detailed studying of the matter it should be noted that in fact, since pre-Christian times, two types of tax - church and “secular“ are established. The size of the last does not give in to exact calculation because the tax to “Caesar“ can include not only “Genghis Khan`s tithe“, but also a quitrent to the local feudal lord, and also excises and duties of higher governors.
Within the existing science we know that all in the world surrounding us is material, and matter cannot exist differently as in the movement, - without the movement there is no life. The person is inseparable from the world surrounding him which part it is, and according to it is included in the exchange processes of a natural complex happening around it, moving together with it in unity.
Knowledge of triplicity of creation of any structure in system of the universe left a philosophy lobby for a long time, and there is no need to prove the obvious facts. Matter of which the world consists, is as defined how energy where the smallest particles of this matter, “quarks“, being in the continuous movement, give a third of the energy, restoring the arising deficiency from world around.
As difficult organized system of natural community each person possesses own energy potential which in structure of social being is expressed by a property environment where money plays a role of an estimated equivalent of a power state (importance) of the person in society. The power exchange in this case at the person occurs due to return of part of the property.
It means that taxes should be paid harmoniously to fit into a surrounding landscape, but at the same time you should not forget about triune system of life where the system is steady in side-altars of 33-66% of own potential. And at energy loss (a tax from all income of the person) more than 33% the system can undergo high-quality changes. At loading more than 50% the system will collapse.
From there is conclusion: it is necessary to pay for everything, but payments have to be reasonable, not exceeding opportunities of the person.