Rhinoceros horn. How the security measure became the destruction reason?
“Business card“ of a rhinoceros it is remarkable not only the fact that grows on a nose. If to skin the killed of an animal, then the horn will be removed together with it. The matter is that unlike artiodactyl rogachy (deer, rams and any there goats) the horn of a rhinoceros does not grow from a skull.
It not bone is also similar to the skin layered outgrowth consisting as if of the pressed hair.
Though the main component of both horns, and hair, and feathers, and claws, and hoofs is the keratin, scientists (contrary to many popular writers) claim that on structure the horn is closer not to hair, and to horn part of hoofs.
If a horn breaks off, from a wound blood flows, and eventually new “ornament“ grows from it. Sometimes its sizes can be very impressive: so, the female of a black rhinoceros from National park of Amboseli (Kenya) grew herself a horn 138 cm long.
Bitter irony was the fact that so terrible weapon instead of protecting giants, became the main reason of their mass destruction.
The belief about the medical force of a nosorozhy horn arose in Asia many millennia back. At first the horn was considered as the indicator for poison therefore lords of the East surely had the bowls which are cut out from it in a collection. The poisonous drink poured in such vessels had to hiss and begin to foam surely. Probably, gradually similar technology was not repaid, and horns passed under jurisdiction of doctors. So, in China from them prepared a febrifuge. In India the type of a horn suggested some wise man an idea to use this means for direct (more precisely, straightening) to the designated purpose - to return and raise a man`s potentiality. Arguments of scientists that the horn has no the stimulating force worked a little. The belief in nosorozhyyu “viagra“ was so strong that poachers at first fairly thinned out ranks of the Indian rhinoceroses, and then were accepted to the African. Still: for one big horn it was possible to buy the magnificent car. the Rhinoceros attacks
“… Where the rhinoceros carries in is white - red eyes unextinguishable rage of the nizverzhenny tsar and one of all animals does not hide the contempt for people, as to revolt of slaves. And in it Ivan the Terrible hid“.
(V. Khlebnikov “Menagerie“)
“… goes the Rhinoceros; and at the Rhinoceros on a nose a horn, and eyes at it piggy, and manners at it very bad“.
(R. Kipling “From where at a rhinoceros such skin“)
“At rhinoceroses very poor eyesight.
But with such weight is not their problem“.
I do not know
(Joke) how on whom, but from all inhabitants of the Kiev zoo on me the special impression was made by a rhinoceros. Its open-air cage was protected in appearance with a low partition, but impression when in meter from you the grunting impressive hulk - unforgettably rushes with irritation even if you understand that short legs of a rhinoceros are not able to overcome a protection.
Nasty character of a rhinoceros became the talk of the town long ago. It is considered that any foreign object is capable to enrage thick-skinned. And if the majority of animals prefer to be removed from eyes down with, then the rhinoceros most often falls into rage and attacks. Many consider that similar nervousness is caused by a poor eyesight of the giant. At distance of 50 meters our hero already confuses people to trunks, and quite often begins to attack innocent trees. But the poor eyesight is partly compensated by good sense of smell and to guess danger, it is not obligatory for rhinoceros to see at all. Poachers perfectly know it and, approaching a rhinoceros, surely define where wind blows.
Also naturalists consider that in four cases from five attack is only demonstration, and the rhinoceros will not finish it. At the worst, it is possible to use his blindness and before critical rapprochement to jump aside, having provided to a rhinoceros it is stupid to run further. However, this wise advice somehow there is no wish to check in practice incidentally not to be that fifth case. Wounded rhinoceroses precisely are not limited to demonstration.
However there are also fans to play pranks with a rhinoceros. So, among the African children of one of tribes the following game is popular: one creeps to the dozing rhinoceros and puts to him on a back a stone, and the second has to remove this stone imperceptibly. This extreme so extreme! And the German naturalist B. Grzhimek saw how lions sneer at slowness of a rhinoceros even.
B. Grzhimek “They belong to all“:
“Somehow … six young lions had a good time the fact that they teased a rhinoceros. Having surrounded it, they in turn ran up to it behind, jumped up and gave to it a fair slap in the back place. Naturally, thick-skinned with it it was scary revolted, every time abruptly turned, but … found nobody. At last, the rhinoceros decided not to notice slaps on the back. Soon and lions lost interest in this entertainment and left. This case not only; lions often use rhinoceroses for the entertainment“. Such boorish attitude towards the African rhinoceroses is impossible for
in a case with a rhinoceros Indian. The Indian rhinoceroses are especially reckless and courageous (or are stupid if it is necessary for you). They are quite capable to attack an elephant that found reflection and in medieval semi-mythical “Bestiaries“, and in documentary stories of naturalists. It is interesting that during attack the Indian rhinoceros usually does not butt a horn (it at it small - 20 cm), and … bites canines of the lower jaw!
Gesner`s “zoology“, 1551:
“If the rhinoceros wants to attack an elephant, then at first the horn about the rock will sharpen, and then will hammer a horn to an elephant into a stomach and will unstitch it. But if does not get, and other place will touch with a horn, the elephant will tumble down it the trunk and the canines on pieces will break off. These two animals feed terrible hatred to each other. In the city of Lisbon where there is a lot of to the people and among them respectable merchants, it was somehow possible to see a rhinoceros who forced an elephant to run from it …“
E. Dzhi “Wild animals of India“: “The female at once us attacked
, and the elephant was frightened and let in flight. In this turmoil I lost a hat and a case from a lens. After the female of a rhinoceros calmed down and departed, we decided to look for loss. Hat the elephant found
quickly and gave it to me on a trunk, but we had to look for a case. Only we descended on the earth as the rhinoceros returned and again rushed on us. One of my satellites hasty climbed up a tree, and with another we established a record of speed of a climbing on a tail of an elephant. The elephant in a fright desperately blew.
… It is necessary to tell that, as a rule, even well trained elephants are afraid of rhinoceroses; in Assam or Bengal several months on accustoming an elephant not to be afraid of a rhinoceros and to behave quietly leave. But also it works well only in case the skilled driver operates an elephant. The Nepalese elephants, in my opinion, it is in this regard better Indian, they are learned to answer actively attack of rhinoceroses, and purposeful attack the rhinoceros usually does not maintain“.
E. Dzhi considered that reckless rage cost to this look life. What suits for elephants and tigers, powerlessly against the person with the gun.