Romanticism music: what it? Charles Gounod and Faust of
use his music many people, the most different: from the Pope to Alfred Hitchcock. Both writers, and literary heroes use its images: from Chekhovian “Seagull“ or Bulgakov “Mastera and Margarita“ to authors of bloody thrillers.
One its melody - just “hit“ of all times and the people. The author of “A dead march of puppets“, the Anthem of Vatican, “Ave Maria“, at last, of “Faust“ one person - Charles Gounod is.
the Dead march of puppets
the Small play gave the name to the famous thriller of Frank de Felitt. In its famous book “Dead March of Puppets“ there is everything that is necessary in this genre: a chest with a corpse, murder on the beach by means of airplane model. And action in Hollywood, and receptions Hollywood.
And music of this play became a key musical subject of a TV series of Alfred Hitchcock: “Alfred Hitchcock represents“. It has to be aurally familiar to all as all this was shown also at us.
the National anthem of Vaticanto
Music to a national anthem of Vatican was written too by Frenchman Charles Gounod. Actually, he wrote the Pontifikalny anthem and march, and in the 20th century Vatican made this march the national anthem.
One of the best-known “Ava Mary“ belongs to both Bach, and Gounod. U I. S. Bach there is a huge work - “Well-Tempered Clavier“. It opens a prelude. The French composer heard this light “iridescent“ prelude as “accompaniment“. How many melodies came to its mind - it is unknown, but there was only - that which even can be heard often presently. So the song is also registered: Bach - Gounod “Ave Maria“.
Charles Gounod is the largest composer of world music. As the representative of romanticism - it goes after Verdi and Wagner. But I could not write for Christmas about Walpurgis night and a sabbath of witches! It is search even for me. Therefore it was necessary to take two roundabout detours.
So, Paris, middle of the 19th century. Only in one French capital - 45 theaters. However, the most part from them works with “easy entertaining genres“. And it - at the time of the next largest revolutions in France. Anyway - there was also an era of blossoming of the French musical theater.
Charles Gounod was born on June 17, 1818 in a family of the artist and pianist. The father early died, mother gave private lessons, lifting children. Gounod studied, won an award thanks to which he could travel, worked as the organist, taught, directed association of choruses which members were Parisian workers and inhabitants of suburbs.
Information on Gounod`s life has not enough, it is possible more - to gather some data less from the French website devoted to the composer and made by his great-great-grandson. Persons interested, of course, can find and read Gounod`s memoirs of “Reminiscence of the actor“.
He lived 75 years (died on October 18, 1893). Gounod left a large number of works: it is a lot of sacred music, song and romances, 12 operas. From all operas two - sverkhpopulyarna. It “Romeo and Juliette“ and “Faust“.
“ of the Monsieur! We thank you for kindness, in you easily you will understand that the prospect again to listen to “Faust“ whatever pleasant it was for the former directors of the Opera cannot force us to forget that we have no right to occupy a box number of the five first tier “.
In the book Gaston Lera “The Phantom of the Opera“ part of action happens during statement of the opera of Gounod “Faust“. The same is in the movie of the same name.
the Ancient legend becomes, seemingly, immortal. History of the doctor - the magician who sold soul to the Devil, concerns several centuries minds. How many centuries - plainly are unknown because this legend can go back to much more ancient times.
How many drama, poetic, pictorial and musical works are based on this subject - not to count. And all this considerable and important works in world culture. And the subject is inexhaustible - is used just continuously: here both novels, and movies, and fate - songs, and a manga, and video - games. In 2011 the movie “Faust“ of the Russian film director Alexander Sokurov received “Golden lion“ on 68 - m the Venice Film Festival (the movie with participation of several countries: USA, Russia, Germany, France, Japan, Great Britain, Italy).
Did not ignore a subject and romanticism music. Here and both Schuman, and Liszt, and Mendelssohn, and Wagner, and Mussorgsky and others. About “Faust`s Condemnation“ Berlioz it was already written.
So it is hardly possible to call the appeal of the founder of the French lyrical opera Charles Gounod to this subject casual. Heroes - everything are known: Faust, Mephistopheles, Margarita.
It was applauded more and more, and it seemed that its duet with Faust will bring it new triumph. But suddenly there was something awful. Faust kneelt:
Allow to look to me at an image lovely!
I Margarita answered:
As, is strange as if charms,
Evening held down me...
I at this moment happened as I already told, something inexplicable. All hall rose .
(Gaston Leru. “The Phantom of the Opera“).
As far as Gounod`s music from this opera was and is very famous, it is possible to judge by simple citing. One of opera arias is constantly sung by the hero of Chekhovian “Seagull“ in 2 - m action. Dorn sings quietly: “Tell you to it, my flowers …“. The heroine from infinite “Tingting`s Adventures“ - Blanca Castafiore - endlessly sings Margarita`s aria from “Faust“ of Gounod.
People perish for metal ! To hardly anyone this phrase is not familiar. And unless - that changed? Mephistopheles`s image at Gounod - one of the brightest in world culture. The demon of the evil - the eternal companion of Faust, with characteristic “devilish laughter“ (Ha! Ha! Ha! Ha!) with a small beard, the general angularity - entered world culture exactly thanks to Gounod`s opera. Even carnival clothes of Voland from “Mastera and Margarita“ - from a theatrical suit of Mephistopheles who was played by Fedor Shalyapin.
Charles Gounod included a big ballet scene in the opera - “Walpurgis night“. Now this scene can be seen the separate ballet. Walpurgis night is a sabbath of witches which on many beliefs takes place on the night of May 1. It is a separate subject, here it is important to remember that this night - a sabbath also passes through many works of world culture: from Goethe to Bulgakov and Strugatsky, from Berlioz - to songs fate - groups. Music of “the ballet from the opera“, that is Gounod`s music - also one of the most known and favourite.
It is closely connected with a legend and Berlioz and Gounod`s music the well-known novels (Tamas Mann “Doctor Faustus“, “Master and Margarita“ of Mikhail Bulgakov). But this subject is extensive, on not one “thick“ book.
The dialectics of the good and evil was very close to romantics. The myth about Faust - is eternal. Only one of subjects - as draft to knowledge and inquisitive thought, but without ethics leads to accident - where as it is modern. What to tell about other subject - aspiration by eternal youth?
So far it is not necessary to leave Paris anywhere: the following stop - Jacques Offenbach and the French operetta.