Burns from a jellyfish. How to give first aid?
August - September - peak of the velvet season in the southern resorts. Many go to relax to the warm seas on the beach under hot beams of the sun, to sunbathe and to swim for a while in plenty. However tender waves conceal in themselves many dangers to the tourist. For example, jellyfishes therefore chances to meet them during rest are very big are found in all seas. Unfortunately, often these meetings do not take place for vacationers completely.
The matter is that the majority of jellyfishes hide in the seductive jellylike body strekatelny cages - of a nematotsita which produce the poison necessary for jellyfishes for protection against enemies and killing of production. Nematotsita comprise the smallest intracellular structures - nematotsist (a capsule with the hollow thread twirled in it in the form of a spiral). At a contact of a jellyfish they act as a harpoon: shoot, are fixed on skin and on the thinnest channel inject into a body of the victim poison nervously - paralytic action.
And danger is constituted not only by live jellyfishes, but also the feelers separated from them. And as after contact all this almost invisible threadlike design remains on skin and continues to give portions of poison, the person gets burns and severe pain, up to painful shock. Pain from an affected area can extend on all body, at the same time there is a temperature increase and sometimes cough. Most strongly sensitive places are surprised most: groin, neck, face, backs of brushes and feet.
What to do if the jellyfish burned?
In emergency situation on the account every second, it is impossible to waste time for thoughts.
First of all the victim needs to get out as soon as possible of water on the coast . Especially it concerns children, allergic persons, elderly people and having problems with warmly - vascular and respiratory systems. After contact with a dangerous jellyfish pain quickly accrues, to continue to float in such state very difficult.
As soon as the victim appears ashore, he needs immediately to begin to give first aid. At first try to clean carefully from skin the remains of tissues of jellyfish with strekatelny cages . They often transparent are also visible hardly. Even if at first sight skin pure, it needs all the same to be cleared diligently because strekatelny cages some time still continue to emit poison. For this reason it is impossible to touch the injured site barehanded ! It is possible to carry out on skin by the back of a knife, a nail file, something plastic; it is possible to wrap up hands a dry towel or a napkin and to accurately remove the remains of feelers from skin, or to use tweezers. If suddenly someone nearby had with himself shaving cream, apply it on skin and carefully clean off (it is possible by means of the razor, if it near at hand).
After that the place of a burn needs to be washed out quickly to neutralize effect of poison . Will approach: only salty (or sea) water, soda solution, liquid ammonia, any alcoholic drink, vinegar, as a last resort - urine (it is rich with ammonia). Skilled tourists say that they at a weak burn not bad help - to squeeze out a lemon and tomato juice and to put pulp. Do not try to wash skin fresh water - it only makes active not destroyed strekatelny cages. For the same reason it is impossible to rub strongly struck place.
Unfortunately, these measures facilitate a state for a while, in one or two hours washing will need to be repeated before disappearance of severe pains. By the way, the Australian coastal rescuers as first aid use ice - wrap it in a package or fabric and put to the place of a burn for 10 - 20 minutes. Also very cold water approaches.
After neutralization of poison needs to treat an inflammation and an itch . Ideal option - gel or cream with a hydrocortisone, it will reduce hypostasis. Antihistaminic preparations and creams from stings of insects will help to remove a skin itch. Soothing preparations will help to cope with pain. It is impossible to apply brilliant green and iodine - they are aggressive for this case and will only increase the area of a burn. Pantenol will not help too - he is intended for treatment of thermal burns, and here - chemical. If the place of a burn is strongly polluted, it is worth being reinsured and further to give an injection from tetanus.
After first-aid treatment of the victim it is necessary to place in a shadow or at least to cover the place of a burn from an ultraviolet with pure fabric. Bathing in the sea is not cancelled as sea water will promote the fastest treatment. Plentiful drink is recommended to .
In case more serious burn is got, on skin blisters can be formed by . First aid at the same time same, as well as at weak burns, but it is necessary to carry out all manipulations very carefully not to break off blisters, differently under the burst cover the infection will get and treatment will drag on for very long term. With blisters after washing it is necessary to apply a bandage from several layers of bandage a burn. Also it is desirable to show the victim to the doctor.
In general, universal recipes cannot be: someone is helped by one, to someone - another, and someone can be helped by nothing - it is necessary to wait until it itself resolves. Alas, physicians have no antidote yet, and treatment has symptomatic character. But even injuries harmless at first sight can lead to sad consequences if at the victim allergic reaction or violations of the vital functions of an organism begin to develop.
If after first-aid treatment the headache, nausea or vomiting, short wind, muscular spasms and other violations of activity develops - immediately ask for medical care!
it is interesting to b to know
In the Black Sea low-dangerous jellyfishes Aurelia and kornerot most often meet, their burns are not really severe.
In the Mediterranean Sea and others - more aggressive and dangerous jellyfishes, burns from them are stronger, allergic reactions to them are more often. Here live: Pelagia (“a small lilac sting“), hrizaor (“a sea nettle“), tsianeya (“a hairy jellyfish“) and others.
the Most dangerous jellyfishes live at coast of Australia and nearby waters - cubojellyfishes. Burns of one cubojellyfish cause painful pain, and toxicity has enough that in only a few minutes to kill three adults. By the way, also not less dangerous fizaliya (for example, the well-known “Portuguese ship“) - the colonies of polyps externally similar to jellyfishes for whom they mistakenly and are taken live here. Attention : burns from “the Portuguese ship“ cannot be filled in with vinegar - it will only be worse!
… Uvidav during bathing in the sea a jellyfish, try to sail from her far away, be not tempted to admire her beautiful forms and especially bright paints. Do not allow children to be played with this beautiful and gentle “jelly“ which is thrown out by waves on sand. According to various data, strekatelny ability of their cages remains after ejection on the coast till 3 days. And the child aged till three years, for example, can react to poison of a jellyfish with spasms, throat hypostasis, a spasm of bronchial tubes. Such kids need to be taken immediately to hospital after contact with any jellyfishes.
Be attentive and careful that nothing saddened pleasant rest!