Baba-yaga - who it?
my children very much love this old geezer. And, speaking about it, not always appropriate it traditionally negative image.
And recently directly and asked: “The father, and the Baba-yaga - who it?“ And truth, who?
With surprise for myself I found out that, except as “the fairy tale character of the Russian folklore“, comes nothing to mind. But, as we know, “where there`s smoke there is fire“, and just like that, from nowhere, in folklore and folk art characters do not arise. Some base, a certain initial image from which everything makes a start further is necessary.
Having outright become interested in this “children`s“ question, I plunged into searches and found out that versions a set - as frankly “farfetched“, and enough reasonable.
Among the first it makes sense to give that which considers that the Baba-yaga is from the Central Africa. Type, she was the queen of the tribe of cannibals of a yagg, from here and such name.
In the 17th century missionaries - Capuchins came to the Central Africa together with the Portuguese troops, and the Portuguese colony - Angola appeared there. In it - that also was the small native kingdom which was operated by this cannibal - the queen.
In my opinion, this version does not maintain any criticism at least only because in Slavic folklore the image of the Baba-yaga met the seventeenth century significantly earlier. And cultural ties at inhabitants of the Russian remote place with Portuguese, we will softly tell, was not especially - that much.
And the famous researcher of the Russian folklore A. Podjyapolsky found sources of an image of the Baba-yaga in India. For justification of so unexpected place of its dwelling he considers the description of a hut on chicken legs in which there lives a Baba-yaga. In his opinion, in such dwelling it is just impossible to worry cold Russian winters as the deal floor which is highly lifted over the earth will not protect the house from frosts, and modern heat-insulating materials then did not exist yet.
Therefore, such device of the dwelling came from other climate: warm and damp. For example, from the woods of India. There is a house established on piles will not flood when the rivers flood banks, and venomous snakes and not palatable insects will not begin to bother owners. Besides, the house blown by winds in a hot humid climate far longer, than standing directly on the crudest earth remains.
Also he pays special attention and that in a number of fairy tales to the Baba-yaga come for council, and it never refuses it even if the visitor is absolutely unfamiliar to it. However, always it does paid. “And to whom strangers go behind council? - A. Podjyapolsky asks. - Of course, to the teacher, the mentor, the wise man“.
If action indeed happens in India, then there such mentors are validly called “woman“ to this day. Besides, an important point is that in this region the most known philosophical doctrine is a yoga. The word “yag“ in Russian easily could happen from “yogi“, and in that case “the woman - the yogi“ means in Sanskrit no other than the teacher - the yogi.
And the fact that in the ancient time between India and the Slavs living in the territory of modern Russia there were commercial and cultural ties already at anybody does not raise today doubts.
And here the scientist Yu. Rostsius considers that tales of the Baba-yaga come down the proof of visit to Earth far back in the past of spaceships. As one of arguments it suggests to consider in detail a mortar on which this granny flies. It represents the body of a cylindrical form which is surprisingly reminding contours of the modern rocket. Flight of the Baba-yaga is followed by the characteristic phenomena similar to those that arise during flight of rockets and jet planes: “Suddenly Ivanushka hears an unreasonable storm and strong wind, trees began to bend down to the earth - which turned out which broke“.
Indirect argument of movement of a mortar by means of jet engines is also the broom. Behind a mortar as behind the jet plane, there was gradually dissipating white trace - “as though it in the sky the broom was swept up“. Using the terms framework which is available at that time, as if still possible observers could describe what was seen?
Separately it is worth stopping on an izba of the Baba-yaga. In all fairy tales its dwelling is described approximately equally: “There is a hut on chicken legs“, “This izba has neither windows, nor doors“, “The Baba-yaga lies in it, up and down rested legs“. Strange description of a lodge, truth? Especially if to consider that similar “construction“ was not peculiar to Slavs in principle. But all gets up on the places if to assume that it is not about the house per se, and about a certain lowered capsule. Both the narrowness, and lack of doors with windows, and “chicken“ legs - landing support is in that case clear.
The special attention should be paid to the described skulls surrounding life of the Baba-yaga more than once. They and at it hang on a fence, and at the house are present, and she is ready to present with them the uninvited guest. Only let`s remember nevertheless that the skull in old Slavic language is not only a bone of the head, but also a shell, and a strong cover of any subject. Crocks of the broken pottery in anybody do not cause associations with the smashed head to this day?
Here the quote from the fairy tale “Vasilisa Premudraya“: “Night came. But darkness proceeded not for long. At all skulls on a fence eyes were lit, and on a glade became light-as in the afternoon“ … In my opinion, it is about banal illumination of perimeter.
By the way, the alien origin of the Baba-yaga easily explains also its awful, from our terrestrial point of view, appearance: huge humpbacked nose (respiratory mask?), hump (satchel?), on some sources - a horn (the communication device?) a bone leg (I give up, I do not know that it could be).
It is interesting to analyse also described contact of the Baba-yaga with people. Oh, as too everything is not unambiguous! With one it is peaceful, benevolent, ask it for the help and council. Even (a magic ball that is) it is ready to hand the navigator to the stranger. In any case a ball, - to Vasilisa Premudroy she in general presented the beam weapon which that inconvenient rodstvennichok destroyed! By the way, too in the form of a skull.
With others it is less friendly and before understanding what with them to do, testing for I.Q. arranges. I about the game loved by it in riddles tell it.
The third she in general at once, without any arguments tries to destroy. And with the fourth alcoholism drinks and it unburdens the heart. But the most interestingly is the fact that all sources always suspected her of a kidneping, - kids she supposedly abducted. What for? For reasons of some scientists dealing with this issue - only for cultural influence on race in general as this business goes directly through children much quicker.
Probably therefore kidnapping - most often the boy often appears in fairy tales. It easily is explained by social and public distinction of functions of men and women at that time. On the first development of society, the management, introduction of new ideas and technologies, and on the second - the birth of children, care of them and maintenance of a home lay. The wild person at that time was, from our civilized point of view what here to do - any equality.
The simplest conclusion which arises from so raznotipichny behavior of the Baba-yaga, - that it was not one. At the planet there was the whole mission of Grandmas - Yozhek (understand that ridiculously sounds) who is evenly dispersed across the European territory of modern Russia (and however, not only).
So I will answer the next question of the children from the “Father, and the Baba-yaga - Who It?“ series?
Mmm … I do not know yet, but to think anyway is over what.