Western Germany: what to look at? Hamburg
Hamburg and Munich - the second and third largest cities of Germany, two big contrasts of one country. They - as two sleeves of the river, with a uniform source, but the different directions.
Hamburg, the free Hanseatic city, one of the biggest seaports of Europe, is located on the river Elba near the North Sea. Speak, in Hamburg of bridges it is more, than in Venice, St. Petersburg, London and Amsterdam combined, but their exact quantity is unknown. Only approximate numbers - 2300 - 2500 are given. However the Hamburg bridges sometimes are imperceptible as the majority of them are not outstanding architectural constructions.
Hamburg - the stately, beautiful city with quiet uncrowded streets. Residents of Hamburg seldom go on foot. One half moves on cars, another by bicycles. For the last in the pedestrian zone special bicycle tracks are allocated.
Lines of the subway and local trains intertwine in a uniform web and meet in one point - of Hauptbahnhof (The central station). By the way, transport systems of Hamburg and Munich are arranged equally. In Munich there is Hauptbahnhof too, but it is rather not similarity of two cities, but result of the German pragmatism.
At change you do not hurry to go on other line of the subway or an electric train somewhere. At transfer stations of the train from the different directions go on the same rails. Number of the train corresponds to number of a transport branch on which the train moves further. The electronic board with the German accuracy informs the expecting passengers on an arrival time of the necessary structure.
For payment of journey electronic automatic machines for sale of tickets are installed. Especially for tourists three or five days are on sale unlimited on trips of Hamburg Card on one:
on one - two adults + three children till 15 years;
on group to 5 people of any age. Five-day cards should be bought by
only on Monday. Action of Hamburg Card extends to all types of city transport. According to this card in some museums, restaurants and shops of the city the small discount is provided. However before to make the choice, it is necessary to think over the routes carefully. Perhaps, among usual tickets you will find cheaper option.
It is not necessary to punch tickets. There are no turnstiles just. Everything is constructed on trust and decency. By hearsay, there are controllers, but to meet them very difficult.
The pedestrian tourist route on the downtown takes about 5 hours at slow walk. If you were tired, it is possible to use services conducted - a taxi. The benevolent driver, he is a guide, will give a ride to you with a breeze by the main sights.
A symbol of Gothic architecture of Hamburg is the belltower of Saint Nicholas which remained from Nikolaykirkhe (St. - Nikolai - Kirche) after bombardments during World War II. The church was decided not to be restored. Restored only a belltower. Ruins are urged to serve as a reminder on the destructive force of wars and tragic results of the irresponsible relation to human life. The monument represents ensemble of an architectural construction and the modern thematic sculptures devoted to war and peace.
Saint Nicholas`s belltower was restored on charitable donations of simple citizens, also on this money new bells were cast. Names of all philanthropists are recorded on stone plates.
For those who are not afraid of height will be interesting to rise by a tower. From the observation deck located on 75 - meter height, the magnificent panorama of the city opens.
If after walk you got hungry, go to Daykhshtras Street (Deichstrabe). Here in a dream place of traditional architecture of Hamburg you will be able to enjoy the cozy atmosphere and excellent kitchen of numerous small restaurants. In Hamburg it is better to order fish dishes. The local fish market is famous for the delicacies. And on sweet surely try an unsurpassed dessert Kayzershmarrn (Kaiserschmarrn) - an imperial omelet. By the way, portions at restaurants very impressive, and the average account on two persons of 40 euros.
(Hagen - becks Tierpark) both adults, and children will be with visit of a zoo of Hagenbek with b satisfied. Hagenbek`s zoo is a private nursery. Karl Hagenbek, the dealer in animals based it in 1907. His descendants own a zoo also today.
An entrance fee for adults - 17 euros, for children - 12 euros; the family ticket No. 1 (two adults + two children) - 53 euros; the family ticket No. 2 (two adults and three children) - 61 euros. Expensively, but it is worth it.
Animals are held in open open-air cages. At their order spacious territories with reservoirs, forest thickets and rocks. From visitors open-air cages are separated by deep ditches so safety is guaranteed.
It is possible to communicate to some inhabitants of a zoo personally. For example, elephants can be fed. The long trunks they reach the stretched delicacy. The family of lemurs often sleeps, but if you find them awake, they will surely go down to play to you. It is interesting to observe predators from outside, especially during feeding. Meanwhile small rodents and birds walk around visitors small flocks.
Impresses with the sizes and abundance of forms and paints a tropical aquarium, and representation of sea lions and dolphins will present deafening fireworks of positive emotions.
For the whole day also the visit of Historical museum which territory borders on a botanical garden will turn back walk. A pearl of an exposition is the biggest railroad model in Europe worked in the most fine details. By data from the guide: “More than 1 000 reduced copies of the modern trains consisting in total of 15 thousand cars, about 300 going cars - all this copes with the help of 60 computers providing impression of full reality. Total length of toy railroad tracks makes about 10 thousand m. The Alpine landscapes of Western Europe, Scandinavia and North America are imitated. The computer equipment allows to change light registration, and landscapes appear in other time of day. Help to create illusion of reality 150 thousand trees, 150 thousand figures of people, 5 thousand cars, about 5 thousand lodges and bridges. Scale 1:87“ .
Leaving, do not forget to leave couple of coins to inspectors of the railroad.
Admirers of Beatles group of course know that Hamburg is the second homeland of the world famous Liverpool four. Exactly here in 1960 and 1961 of “Beatles“ were on the first tours. In 2009 in Hamburg the museum “Bitlomaniya“ opened. It is the five-floor interactive museum where visitors can see rare photos, listen to interview with primogenitors of group and even to sing favourite songs in pass - the writing-down studio. Over an entrance to the museum the yellow inflatable submarine hangs, and before an exit visitors inevitably get to the souvenir shop. In the cellar of the museum the little shop “At John and Paul“ where it is possible to have a bite fish and fried potatoes was located.
By the way, Riperban Street is known (Reeperbahn) on which “Beatlemania“ is located as “red light district“. Germans call it die s ü ndige Meile (Sinful mile). Here continually restaurants, a casino, night clubs, sex - shops, a striptease - bars, brothels and many other things in the same vein. On the weekend all outcasts of Hamburg and the next cities gather on Riperban. The most numerous of them - bikers. On weekdays the street takes more decent look, but barkers of frivolous institutions confuse rest of passersby.
In general Hamburg makes impression of the quiet safe city. The most popular car is tiny Smart here though the lack of parking spaces is not observed. Probably, everything from - for habits of Germans to carefully plan both space, and time, and finance. The main thing that they managed to make all this convenient.
Life in Hamburg flows measuredly, and nothing can break its smooth course, even notorious E. coli colibacillus of which we so were afraid, and Germans did not even cease to buy the favourite vegetables and to go in the evenings to restaurants.
And now we will walk across Munich.