Verkhovazhye and Lomonosov: what interesting is in a way of the great person?
Due to 300 - the anniversary since the birth of M. V. Lomonosov (widely noted in the fall of 2011), are represented that some facts of its biography can be interesting to descendants not only in Verkhovazhye where knowledge of our contemporaries about the great Russian scientist, alas, do not shine with depth.
Nevertheless, in it nothing especially not a remarkable mudflow in anniversary of the scheduled anniversary (in 2001) established a memorable sign “To Dore ó gy Lomonosov“.
The biggest merit of Lomonosov concerning Russian is its clarification from distortions by words of a foreign origin. Literary progress in Russia we are obliged by mainly few husband who is marked out by extensive learning and unextinguishable love to arts and literature.
Nevertheless M. V. Lomonosov`s way, the country son, it is impossible to call cloudlessly ordinary, and that is why.
Mikhaylo Lomonosov on November 19, 1711 (on new style) on the island near the village of Mishaninskaya and Holmogora`s posad was born. His father Vasily Dorofeyev the son, the peasant living fishing began to take with himself the young son of ten more years old in swimmings across the North Sea in search of fish.
Nothing gave to the boy such pleasure as carrying out time in reading and the writing, than he under the leadership of the attendant of the divine word was engaged with so happy success that in a short space of time surpassed all relatives who quite often burst in blows against it as it far surpassed them by an unusual susceptibility and comprehension in what was taught. Narrate about it to us various sources and researches.
Meanwhile on a certain opportunity young Lomonosov received as a gift two books from which one contained grammar of Slavic language, and another - the beginning of arithmetics, and so was fond of them that the subsequent time was in the habit to call them “a gate of the learning“. How it turned out what Lomonosov appeared in Moscow?
In one of winter nights 1730 Lomonosov secretly ran behind a wagon train of the country artel which went to Moscow for sales of fish what it was damned by own father for. During the first period of life in Moscow, vainly expecting the help from people, with mediation of the taken pity monk Lomonosov it was admitted to seminary of the Zaikonospassky man`s Monastery (founded in 1600 by Boris Godunov).
From here young Lomonosov went to Kiev, however, without having stayed there and years, came back to Moscow again. In the same time the St. Petersburg academy of Sciences from seminary in which Lomonosov was trained, demanded such pets who, knowing Latin, could attend with success lectures of professors in Academy.
In two years of training in Academy, working physics, mathematics, chemistry and mineralogy hard, Lomonosov was sent to Marburg where three years it was trained under the leadership of professor Christiaan Wolf. Then on the advice of Wolf went to copper mines of Saxony where “practised in practice of art of metallurgy“ under the leadership of Genkel`s adviser, and in a year returned to Marburg university.
In 1739 Lomonosov in the native language an iambic verse wrote the ode in honor of a victory of the Russian weapon at Hotin over Turks and Tatars. This song sent to St. Petersburg both brought to the empress Anna by care of the management of the St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences and published in the press became the beginning of glory of Lomonosov.
Features of private life and Lomonosov`s adventure are very interesting at this time. In 1740 in Marburg, living on Academy of Sciences, already knowing languages, it took the daughter of the German tailor in whose house lived in the wife, and wished that this marriage was secret. However soon, “suppressed by monetary difficulties in connection with the increased expenses and harassments of creditors“, abandoned the wife and all others, secretly ran, intending to get to St. Petersburg through Holland.
And when near Dusseldorf spent the night in the village, came across the Prussian officer hiring in recruits. Soon Lomonosov together with other enlisted soldiers was sent to strengthening Vessel - to guard. Here, having decided on flight, having crossed the border of the Prussian kingdom, through the cities of Arnkheym and Utrecht reached Amsterdam, everywhere declaring itself the Saxon student.
In Amsterdam future scientist asked for the help the Russian ambassador Oldekop who willingly agreed to help and sent Lomonosov to the count Golovkin to embassy in the Hague. Having received thus all necessary for life, Mikhail Vasilyevich returned to Amsterdam and soon sailed with the ship to St. Petersburg.
Meanwhile he notified the wife in Marburg on the intention to go without her to St. Petersburg, asked it not to write to it before in the new letter it does not notify blessed on conditions of the life. Lomonosov kept the word: remembering this promise, having lived in St. Petersburg year and having improved things, sent to the spouse the letter and money for the road, and through short time “not without pleasure embraced her with the daughter“.
In 1741 Lomonosov at the age of 30 years (age not of the boy, but husband) was already appointed the graduated in a military academy and since then on justice is marked out by awards for the diligence not only in literature and history of the fatherland, but also and in chemistry, mineralogy, physics and mosaic art.
Other milestones of life of the famous scientist more - are less known to all: in 1746 35 - summer Lomonosov became professor of chemistry and experimental physics, in 1757 is awarded a title of the collegiate adviser and the same year accepted in members of the Academic office. In 1760 the St. Petersburg university and a gymnasium were entrusted to his care, and, at last, in 1764 Lomonosov received a title of the councilor of state.
The glory of our scientist extended as well abroad. It was accepted in members of the Bologna society and Academy of Sciences in Stockholm.
Mikhail Vasilyevich Lomonosov in St. Petersburg where he is buried in Aleksandro - the Nevsky monastery died on April 4, 1765. Under expensive gravestone, brilliant, marble, built at the expense of the count M. I. Vorontsov, remains of “the father of the Russian literature“ are based to this day.
About the last years lives of our great compatriot many legends, one of which demonstrates that, “having become the academician, go, Lomonosov did not change: it was still dangerous to joke with it, but to a punishment cell it was not sent any more“.
Such is an unusual way of the great Russian person.