PPS - 43. What was the most effective submachine gun of World War II?
If the submachine gun of Shpagin of PPSh - 41 called “the victory weapon“, then the submachine gun of Sudayev of PPS - 43, call “the weapon which broke through the Siege of Leningrad“ and unambiguously recognize as the most effective submachine gun of World War II.
Especially it should be noted that development of the weapon recognized around the world ideal the gun - World War II machine gun, was conducted in besieged Leningrad, on Sestroretsk tool plant where was not the exact equipment (which was taken out to the Urals), qualified specialists (they were taken out there). Production was arranged in the same place. That equipment that remained after evacuation, was necessary to master to the ordinary Leningrad inhabitants who endured year of blockade. There was no enough products even, people fell in a faint due to starvation directly on workplaces. And in these infernal conditions the simple Russian inventor created the weapon which is done still!
Alexey Ivanovich Sudayev was born in 1912 in. A mythical stone (Chuvash the Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic), in a family of the post employee. In 1929 after the termination of technical training college it works as the mechanic, and after the termination of Gorky railway technical school gets to Soyuztransstroy office to a position of the technician of a railway site. Here - that his inventive talent also began to be shown.
Its first inventions of “Automatic Firing From a Machine Gun by Means of Action of Infrared Beams“ and “Benzinomer“ steel. He received the first copyright certificate for “The pneumatic tipper for self-dumping platforms“, the second - for the Anticreeper device made during service in railway troops. In army he began to be engaged in repair of different types of the weapon actively.
In 1936 Alexey Ivanovich enters the Gorky industrial institute, and in 1938 in parallel arrives on a third year of the RKKA artillery academy of F. E. Dzerzhinsky on faculty of arms. In 1941 he finishes the training and defends the thesis in the automatic gun developed by it. In 1941 Sudayev presented the simple and reliable antiaircraft emplacement of the design to the state military commission.
However in 1942 the military situation demands creation of small automatic arms for crews of tanks, intelligence agents and paratroopers. PPSh existing at that time - 41 was too inconvenient for these categories of troops. The big sizes, big weight, huge rate of fire of PPSh demanded a large supply of cartridges …
I here in 1942 announced a competition on “model of the submachine gun which is not inferior according to characteristics to the submachine gun of a design of Shpagin“. In total such competitions was two, and such famous armorers as V. A. Degtyarev, G. S. Shpagin, S. A. Korovin, N. V. Rukavishnikov took in them part, but both of these competitions were won by Alexander Ivanovich Sudayev`s models. However blockade life strongly affected its health, and the inventor in the dawn of forces died, in 1946
of All PPSOV was the whole seven models. PPS - 42 (model 2) was taken advantage on June 13, 1942. After modification which eliminated the defects revealed in this model in 1943 the new sample under the name “The submachine gun of system of Sudayev obr was taken advantage. 1943“ which had very high fighting qualities and differed in high technological effectiveness. That sample that is called in PPS literature - 43, was originally designated as “PPS - the 43rd model 2“.
TTH of the PPS submachine gun - 43
the Boss: 7,62ő25 TT (0. 30 Tokarev).
Mass of the weapon: without cartridges less than 3 kg, with cartridges of 3,67 kg.
Length: with the put butt of 616 mm, with the cast-away butt of 831 mm.
Initial speed of a bullet: 500 m/s.
Rate of firing: 600 - 700 vystr / min.
Fighting rate of fire: 100 vystr / min.
Aim range: 200 m
Capacity of shop: 35 cartridges.
All models of submachine guns of Sudayev it was created seven. Six models Alexey Ivanovich created, the last, seventh model, created after his death, according to drawings of the ingenious designer.
PPS - 43 had higher rates, than PPSh, on technological effectiveness: production of PPSh demanded 13,5 kg of metal and 7,3 persons - hour, PPS required 6,2 kg of metal and 2,7 persons - hour.
PPS - 43 was almost twice easier than PPSh, only 3,6 kg with shop and cartridges. PPSh even without shop weighed more, and with round shop and cartridges - about 6 kg. The easiest German MP40 submachine gun weighed 4,7 kg (with shop and cartridges).
The folding butt reduced weapon length that is very important in many types of military forces - crews of fighting vehicles, gunners, paratroopers, intelligence agents. Low rate of fire of PPS is very important for them, in investigation in the enemy territory or in the close tank you will not carry (or to drag on yourself) boxes with cartridges which PPSh spat out with a speed … 1000 pieces a minute! From - for low rate of fire on PPS was not the switch of the mode of “single-automatic“ fire. By fast pressing a trigger there was a single shot, by long pressing - turn. Got jammed cartridges in PPS much less often, it was provided by more progressive design of shop and the boss`s dosylatel from shop in a cartridge chamber.
Interesting historic fact . Germans never remade the Soviet PPS taken as trophies under the cartridge as, for example, PPSh. And all because, in - the first, a cartridge in PPS practically never warped, unlike the same PPSh, in - the second, trophy cartridges of the Soviet production at the end of war at Germans accumulated rather large number and it was necessary to use them somehow.
But why at such quantity of merits of PPSh it was not laid off and it is not replaced with PPS? Answer simple. Production of PPSh was already arranged, and nobody decided to reconstruct production in a wartime. Therefore PPS made plants with simpler equipment and less qualified personnel which could not make PPSh.
All during war more than half a million pieces of this remarkable weapon were made. After war large number PPSOV was transferred to friendly armies of China and North Korea.
In the USSR PPS - 43 consisted on arms in amphibious units till 1950, then it was replaced by the Kalashnikov with a folding butt.
PPS had a great variety of clones. In recent months wars when the German industry had huge deficiency of metal and labor, production of a clone of PPS under the German cartridge of 9ő19 mm under the MR index - 709 was arranged. Finns also remade PPS under a cartridge of 9 mm “Automatic pistol“ and shops from the Suomi M of 1931 submachine gun, having changed only a caliber of a trunk and only one detail - a dosylatel (for use of round shops of an old design), and began release of this weapon in 1944 under the name “9-mm the Suomi submachine gun M 1944“.
In Poland clones of PPS were issued under the WZ indexes - 43 (with a folding butt) and WZ - 43/52 (with a wooden butt). In 1953. on arms of gendarmerie and frontier guards of Germany the DVX submachine gun - 53 - the exact copy of Finnish “Suomi M of 1944“ was accepted. In 1959 it was a little modernized and DVX - began to be called 59, having served before 70 - x years 20 - go centuries. In China the clone of PPS was issued under the PSh 43 index.
This automatic machine was issued and presently (80 - e years 20 - go centuries) - in Georgia at Zubdidi plant and in Nagorno-Karabakh.