Where to find Paris in Russia?
Yes, in Russia are Paris. And not only. Still there is Berlin, Leipzig, Varna, Kassel, Kvarken, Trebiya and even Fershampenuaz. All of them accommodated in several tens kilometers from each other. This small territory call “ by Small Europe “ Chelyabinsk region.
Catch idea, Ostapy Bender! Here it is possible to organize new round “Across Europe - in one day!“ Of course, it is a joke, but, as we know, in each joke …
A if it is serious, then here history of emergence of these settlements.
As Europe appeared in the Urals
Many centuries in the territory of South Ural only the nomadic people lived. But gradually to this region rich with natural resources, the Russian immigrants stretched. Merchants - pioneers and peasants running from serf oppression were first. Active development of this edge began in the 18th century.
Under the decree of the queen Anna Ioannovna on the Urals Rivers (Yaik) and Uy the Cossack fortresses for protection of borders of the Russian state against attacks of nomads are put. Among them Orenburg, Troitsk, Verkhneuralsky.
At the beginning of the 19th century of border of the state are transferred to the south - to the steppe. In the Orenburg province on a site between Orsk and Troitsk fortresses the strengthened Cossack settlements are under construction: Imperial, Atamanovsky, Andreevsky, Nikolaev, Vladimir, etc.
Up to now the Nikolaev fortress with big church in the center well remained.
To these settlements under the imperial decree move Russians, the Bashkir, Kalmyks from the central and southern provinces for protection of borders, ranking as Cossacks.
With the Cossack army, and is more true with one its regiment, and our history is connected.
In the Ural steppes in the ancient time there lived nomads - Nogais. Their descendants went to the Kazan kingdom. After a gain Ivan the Terrible, were violently baptized and moved to Bashkiria. There they began to call themselves by of a nagaybakama . In 1730 they were ranked as the Cossack estate with the only duty - military.
Nagaybakov called “bashibuzukam“ of the Russian army for bravery and military ability. They battled against Turks, participated in Suvorov and Kutuzov`s campaigns. They say that Napoleon after defeat declared that it has only one regiment, such as nagaybak - it would win the whole world.
When in 1842 in the Urals began to create the new defensive line, one and a half thousand nagaybak returned on lands of the ancestors. By it for settlements chose 32 convenient sites. At first settlements were registered at numbers, but in 1843 the Orenburg general - the governor Obruchev ordered to give them names in memory of military victories of the Orenburg Cossacks.
So in South Ural villages with names of the European cities appeared.
Chesma, Varna and the Balkans are called in honor of a victory of Russia in russko - the Turkish war of 1806 - 1812. Paris, Kassel, Leipzig, Arsi, Berlin and Fershampenuaz appeared after campaigns of the Russian troops to Italy, Germany and France in 1799 and 1812 - 1814.
All settlements are located in several hundred kilometers from Chelyabinsk, and the area of their placement call “ Small “ or “ Ural “ Europe.
Fershampenuaz - the capital of nagaybak
the largest of them is Fershampenuaz, an administrative center of Nagaybaksky district with the population more than 4 thousand inhabitants. It is called in honor of a victory in battle with Napoleon on March 25, 1814 near Fer - Shampenuaza in France.
In the settlement there is a museum of local lore where gathers and history of the nagaybaksky Cossacks is carefully stored.
“My address - not the house and not the street, my address - Fershampenuaz!“ Local jokers so changed words of the Soviet song.
Nagaybaki call themselves by nagaybekler . The native language - nagaybakskiya - a dialect as a part of the Tatar languages. They carry names and surnames Russians. Profess Orthodoxy, but belong to “starokreshchenny“, i.e. adopted Christianity in 16 - 17 centuries.
The culture of nagaybak is peculiar, exerted impact on it tradition of both Russians, and Tatars.
The majority of holidays are connected with Christian: Maslenitsa - Mai to a chab, the Trinity - Troysyn. There are holidays, the general with Tatars. At nagaybak choral singing is developed by . They spoke at the European folklore festivals. The main musical instruments - a psaltery and an accordion. A main course - chorba (soup - noodles on meat broth).
When in 1996 to them allowed to write down in the column “nationality“ “íàãàéáàê“, but not “Russian“ or “Tatar“, many and made. On a question “Why? “ almost all answered: “I am proud of the fact that I - nagaybak“. In 2000 they were officially recognized as the small people.
And at nagaybak is of a nickname . Owing to compact accommodation, many have identical surnames. For example, Alekseev, Afanasyev, Batrayev, Burguchev, Ishimova. To distinguish people, with a surname use patrimonial nicknames - kushamat . They can be connected with features of the person or his professional activity - Aksay (white), dubyrt (thunder), kezy (goat), piser (clerk), tartay (korostel).
Nagaybaksky district - only in the area where in each settlement all patrimonial surnames going from the first settlers are collected. This “census“ was carried out by A. M. Mametyev - the former director of local museum of local lore. He is very much esteemed here. A native of the village of Fershampenuaz is also Leonid Smetannikov, the opera singer, the people`s artist of the USSR. Among nagaybak there are Heroes of the Soviet Union, Heroes of Socialist work, the deputy of the State Duma.
And now, having got acquainted with these surprising people, it is possible and to go to Paris. Several tens kilometers from Fershampenuaz - and you already there!
the Village of Paris
the Name, of course, occurs from the capital of France, in memory of stay of the Russian troops there after Napoleon`s defeat in 1814. The village in 1842 as a post No. 4 of the Orenburg Cossack army is founded. After the decree on renamings of military settlements, Cossacks declared to the compatriots: “Babonki, from this day you will be Frenchwomen!“
the Main sight of the village of Paris of course is … “ the Eiffel Tower “. This idea occurred to local mobile network operator. And in 2005 in the settlement the tower of cellular communication - 50 - the meter reduced copy of the French celebrity was solemnly open. Only the South Ural namesake is 6 times less and 160 times easier. But it is the largest copy of the Eiffel Tower in Russia.
At opening there was the real Frenchman - Stefan Kastanye is a teacher of French of the Chelyabinsk university. The museum of local lore adjusted release of souvenirs with the image of local “Eiffel Tower“. After its construction the number of tourists increased at once.
There come to the village both Muscovites, and Petersburgers, and even Parisians. Here journalists of Liberasyon and Figaro newspapers visited. The French representation in Russia organized in December, 2006 a teleconference between the real Paris and the Ural settlement of the same name. Only local “Eiffel Tower“ has one “small“ difference: near it instead of tourists all summer … geese are grazed. A. Gavryushkin wrote about it playful lines:
“The river there is no Seine here, rebyatushka,
Are hay for local cows
A with oil in Paris of
fritter Everything love many centuries …
Meanwhile two thousand inhabitants
Ural live In Paris.
his Cossacks - winners
So called, and people call“ .
From other villages with the European names it is possible to note, perhaps, only Varna called in honor of capture of the Bulgarian fortress in time russko - the Turkish war of 1828 - 29 years. Now it is the small regional center where there is a museum of local lore, beautiful church, several cafe in which it is possible to have dinner tasty and cheap to the traveler.
To surprise more visitors local “Europeans“ have nothing. All other villages - usual, with wooden houses, well water, oven heating. But with very hospitable and creative inhabitants.
Name children the famous people with hope that they are waited by the same outstanding destiny. It is necessary to wish the same and to settlements of “the Ural Europe“.