Nikolay Rimsky-Korsakov. Where invisible hail Kitezh?
Rod Rimskikh - Korsakov noble, for a long time known. Representatives of this sort are metropolitans and bishops, generals and admirals. In the 20th century - there is already both a mathematician, and the scientist - the entomologist (it are Nikolay Andreevich`s children). Rod proceeds.
Voin and Nikolay
In the Sea of Japan (Peter the Great Bay) is Rimsky-Korsakov`s islands. They are so called not in honor of Nikolay Andreevich, and in honor of the Soldier Andreevich - the elder brother Nikolay (it here a real name - the Soldier, he was more senior than Nikolay for 22 years!) .
The family in which outstanding naval officers Nikolay and Voin were born - too is in own way interesting. The father at them served as a governor, and mother was a daughter of the serf and the landowner.
Nikolay Andreevich Rimsky-KorsakovNikolay Andreevich Rimsky-Korsakov (1844 - 1908) was born
in Tikhvin the Novgorod province. With honors graduated from Sea military school, “Diamond“ served on a clipper, passed Atlantic from England to Brazil. But the love to music was stronger.
to Catch up and overtake Italy
How many it is possible operas? Presently - quite natural question. But here it is necessary to understand features of development of world culture.
History of emergence and existence of this synthetic theatrically - a musical genre - is quite interesting in itself, but in this case it is necessary to know the main thing: till the 19th century Italy predominated here (being also the homeland of this genre). And when during a romanticism era (the 19th century) the national schools in the different countries of Europe began to appear and become stronger, creation of the opera became the most important then for all. In the language and on the plot. If to draw a rough parallel - approximately the same as creation in the 20th century of own cinema.
The opera - it was very serious and important for each European country in the 19th century. And Russia gave the world masterpieces on the mountain, at all without ceding Germany the 19th centuries (and even to most Italy).
Rimsky-Korsakov is the author of 14 operas. Everyone - on a plot from the Russian history or folklore, not for nothing he was called the Storyteller. It was in traditions of “The Five“ into which the composer entered. Each opera - is interesting, all of them anyway enter into repertoires of the largest world opera theaters. The penultimate opera - “ the Legend on an invisible hail Kitezh and the maiden Fevroniya “.
the Invisible hail Kitezh
the Ancient legend which is going back to an era Mongol - the Tatar gains. This intimate city was in the north of the Nizhny Novgorod Region on the bank of the lake Svetloyar (sometimes called by “the Russian Atlantis“). There it was constructed by Yury (Georgy) Vsevolodovich Kitezh, him is that and the khan Baty wanted to destroy. The traitor told the khan about secret tracks to the city. But when the hansky army approached Kitezh, the city disappeared in lake abysses.
And now this city is, but only the one who “is pure heart“ can find it. So to speak, the way to this city is strictly individual, it is possible to pass it only thanks to spiritual efforts (“circulation during an invisible hail“). Sometimes in a clear weather Kitezh can be seen, as a last resort - to hear a “dense“, “crimson“ ring of kitezhsky bells from lake depths. There is such legend.
This interesting legend remained thanks to Old Believers - runners and book sources. Manuscripts of “the Kitezhsky chronicler“ were found, songs about Kitezh are collected, the writer P. Melnikov - Pechersky described a mysterious legend in the “Sketches of Popovtsy“ (“In the woods“).
Big scientific works - from ethnographers to philosophers are written about this legend. What is not surprising - the word Kitezh became symbolical, somehow an earthly paradise. It is not surprising that in the 19th century N. Rimsky-Korsakov became interested in this legend, and in the 20 and 21 century who is only not interested (but about it a bit later).
the Opera “Legend on an Invisible Hail Kitezh and Maiden Fevroniya“ often call Kitezh the best opera of the composer and compare it to “Parsifal“ of Wagner. Very interesting libretto written by V. Belsky (for it he got an award A. Pushkina, the most important then), persons interested can study this libretto in details in the Network. The composer attached a legend of Fevroniya from Murom to a legend of Kitezh, elements of other legends: “ will not be in all work any trifle which anyway would not be cast by line of any legend, a verse, plot or other fruit of the Russian folk art “.
The traitor Grishka Kuterma who repents that he made looks at the become empty coast of the lake Svetloyar. There the look and aggressors turn, without trusting the eyes and testing panic horror. The capital hail Great Kitezh entirely plunges into water, there is only its reflection. But in the magic city, at a lake depth there is the life … The legendary city in which there live beautiful people with clean hearts - he lives.
“The resident Kitezhgrada Inveterate P. P. complained of the neighbor, the second year digging undermining under his house“. (And. and B. Strugatsky. “Tale of the three“).
Such is the opera, such is a plot. But the similar symbolical plot could not remain unaddressed in the 20th century. Kitezhgrad of brothers Strugatsky in “The tale of the Three“ - from Kitezh (including a scene of action of the movie “Magicians“), Krasnokitezhsk the fantast S. Abramov - from there. Kitezh is mentioned even in the book “Kraken“. However, it is not surprising that this image is so demanded in a fantasy. About an invisible hail Kitezh picturesque cloths (M. Nesterov, K. Gorbatov) are written, about it bards and fate - musicians sing.
“Now come to us not so often as it would be desirable, but if come around, leave not soon hospitable Krasnokitezhsk“ . (S. Abramov).
Yury Norstein and Werner Herzog
the Remarkable director - the animator Yury Norstein (including the author of “A hedgehog in fog“) created the tremendous animated film (1971). Not only that it on Rimsky-Korsakov`s music, but is still made on the basis of Old Russian frescos of the 14-16th centuries. In my opinion - absolutely separate and outstanding work of art, this animated film. It is called of “Secha at Kerzhentsa“ (according to the name of one of parts of the opera of Rimsky-Korsakov).
The German film director Werner Herzog shot recently the movie Bells from the Deep (“Bells from depth“) in which also this legend is mentioned. Legend of an invisible hail Kitezh. A legend of the city which hid from any evil. From the evil of capture and from the evil of treachery - from the most terrible evils. National dream of an earthly paradise. Unless it is not modern?
(In comments it is possible to watch Yu. Norstein`s animated film and a piece from the movie of Century. Herzog).