Fear - the ally or the enemy? Fear and courage of
“... it is better to be reconciled with the familiar evil, than flight to unfamiliar to aspire?“
(V. Shakespeare, “Hamlet“)
If the survival demands changes and actions what prevents us to change and work? Pathological fear. So the seriously ill person prefers to die “natural death“ if only not to pass inspection which can confirm the fatal diagnosis. So people obediently wait for the turn in a gas chamber.
Use of fear as means of manipulation with certain people and the whole people - a biological crime before mankind. The pathological fear generates aspiration to stability even if the current situation is intolerable: “if only it was not worse“.
The natural, constructive fear, carries out protective functions, signals about danger and induces to resistance. The being deprived of the warning fear is doomed to extinction. Present that you cross the street. And suddenly from - for turn the truck takes off. You fade with horror. And thanks to it the car flies by by you. The fear saved to you life and health. The person, escaping from a furious bull, jumps through a twelve-meter ditch. The woman lifts the passenger car under which there were her children.
The fear rescues us, giving us strength, aggravating intuition, expanding our opportunities. But, as any medicine, it has side effects. They arise when reaction of an organism is inadequate to a situation. Only the healthy organism works as the perfect computer, instantly counting a situation and choosing only the right decision. But if there was “a failure in the program“, the fear from the ally turns into the opponent. Most often it occurs when the thinking of the person is disorganized. Reasons weight. These are diseases, an unsuccessful emotional condition, influence of alcohol and drugs - all that distorts information on the outside world. How the fear will execute the protective functions put by the nature if assessment of the situation is incorrect?
The ancient parable about fear is known. “Where you go?“ - the wanderer asked, having met Plague. “I go to Baghdad. I need to exhaust five thousand people there“. In several days the same person met Plague again. “You told that you will exhaust five thousand, and exhausted fifty“, - he reproached her. “No, - she objected, - I ruined only five, other died of fear“.
Perhaps, thus the nature keeps balance between the people neglecting danger, and those who are inclined it to exaggerate. If it did not occur, natural selection has to “discard“ the individuals who are not knowing fear. And during evolution there will be, to put it mildly, the most careful? The soldier who overstayed attack in an entrenchment. The militiaman who took cover behind the back of the workmate. Who will reproach them that the animal nature got the best over human if this human was etched for many years? Among seven mortal sins the cowardice is not mentioned …
Courage is a readiness to resist to danger about which the fear signals. Than more vital force and maturity in the person, especially he is capable to resist to dangers. However if courage did not notice these preventions, it would conflict to biological function of fear. Aristotle speaks about courage as about the middle between cowardice and recklessness. The biological self-affirmation needs balance between courage and fear. Such balance is peculiar to all beings capable to self-preservation and development. If cautions of fear do not reach or courage disappears, life dies away. The aspiration to reliability, perfection and confidence is biological need. However this aspiration becomes destructive if the person does not take biologically necessary risk.
In what cases the risk is justified and necessary? When the fear of the familiar present is stronger than fear of the unfamiliar future. When there is nothing to lose. When was disappointed in for the sake of what lived and what trusted in. Probably, it is possible to count how many people should be brought to such state that there was a social explosion. There is a joke about severe Siberian men who checked the Japanese power saw for durability. They calmed down, only when the saw broke teeth about pig-iron scrap.
Life of each of us includes the fear and courage which are in a condition of mobile balance. In biology language it is called vitality , that is vital force. The person is the most vital of all living beings. However there are not only individuals, but also the separate nations and even eras of the weakened vitality. The nation or an era which lost vitality are forced out by more viabl.
What has to occur that earned an instinct of self-preservation of the nation? Only in L. Tolstoy`s fairy tale “About Ivan the fool“ war of the tarakansky tsar with Ivanov by the people comes to an end quickly, because that fools voluntarily give the good to extremists: “it becomes mean and boring for those“, and the enemy army disperses...