Manipulation with consciousness: threat or myth?
are difficult to find Today the person who did not hear about the concept “manipulation with consciousness“ or just “manipulation“.
And if “manipulation with consciousness“ is something difficult, ephemeral and bearing, as a rule, a negative context, then just the concept “manipulation“ is quite habitual for us.
By the manipulator it is possible to call the person who, using the rule “impudence-the second happiness“, fills up with requests of the person who is not able to speak “no“. Both blackmailers, and advertisers, and even small children who by hook or by crook entice the next toy at parents, - too manipulators.
Manipulation with consciousness is considered and as more large-scale phenomenon. It has a set of the definitions created by scientists of the different countries. All of them are brought together to the fact that manipulation with consciousness - the mechanism of impact on the person on purpose definitely to influence his decisions, to change preferences or to convince of something.
One fine day someone whose name is hidden for centuries, solved though a little - malsk to systematize mechanisms of manipulation with consciousness, perceptions the person of information, ways of use of so-called psychological vulnerabilities. This knowledge which is adopted by intelligence agents and spies served good service, helping to obtain information, to influence adoption of political decisions and even to make revolutions.
It is no secret that the good intelligence agent has to be the shrewd psychologist at least to enlist the necessary person: in one place to press, in another to stroke (the speech about psychological aspect). And it is only iceberg top - elementary methods of manipulation.
So-called “pikaper“ use the NLP (methods of neurolinguistic programming) as which founders Richard Bendler (mathematician) and John Grinder (linguist) are considered. They use methods of manipulation with consciousness too, but for the purpose of very prosaic - to sweetheart representatives of an opposite sex, to cause sympathy. R. Bendler and J. Grinder`s books appeared not from scratch - their basis was formed by the processed and rethought works of outstanding psychologists and psychotherapists.
With prompt development of mass media, and several last decades and worldwide network the Internet, became actual a question of influence on consciousness of big mass of people. The attention of researchers switched to studying of psychology of crowd, creation of effective mechanisms of influence on it. Not for nothing in defined circles say that the intelligence of crowd is lower, than intelligence even of her silliest member.
Gustave Le Bonn`s book “Psychology of the people and masses“ is very interesting. Written in 1895, it contains the calculations which became fundamental to modern political strategists, received new life with development of mass media.
We see examples of use of methods of manipulation with consciousness through mass media every day. Advertizing forms preferences in our consciousness, PR - the companies create positive images of politicians, dictate to the fashion trend which became for many an axiom exactly thanks to well thought over influence of mass media rules in clothes. Influence of cinema creates stereotypic idea of what has to be youth. In the head of the modern person there are a lot of sample concepts introduced from the outside, representations and values.
Manipulation with consciousness - very important and interesting phenomenon, using these receptions, on millions of people there is a hidden influence. The understanding of methods of a manipulation the person and crowd lies on crossing of the general psychology, ethnopsychology, sociology, political science, physiology and even cybernetics.
You should not be skeptical about written. Remember that, having only become interested in a problem, having examined at least some works in this area, you will rise over “the gray weight“, will be able to review examples of a manipulation and in some measure to protect itself from external influence.