Mamur and mamura: where they are found?
of Mamurami in different places designated the most different objects of world around up to magic beings. What also who was so called? we Will begin
In Russia with
with strange lands of Transbaikalia. Mighty Cupid once was called as local population, Tungus, differently. The Aldan Tungus living in upper courses called Shilka, the middle part was called as Shungal, and lower where Okhotsk Tungus - Mamur lodged. When there the Russian settlers appeared, they changed the name Mamur to Amur, having rejected the first letter.
In the European part of an ofena, the wandering dealers in haberdashery, a manufactory, books and popular prints, invented the language. Generally they were not just pedlars, and wise men applying for possession of secret knowledge. And so, in their language the mamura meant “axe“, “the executioner`s axe“. And to mamurit it was translated as to cut .
In the Olonets province the mamurnik is a special breed a red sundress with sleeves folding back. At last, in the North (not only European, but Siberian and Far East too) mamury call the plant fructifying fragrant red berries. It is a low shrub with the creeping rhizome and direct stalks up to 30 centimeters high which has a set of other names: Arctic raspberry, polenik, brambleberry, knyazhenik, knyazhniyets, lapmorozhka, red cloudberries, hokhlyanitsa, hokhlyanik, hokhlusha, hokhlyanka.
From olden days used this plant and its fruits in the different purposes: painted with rhizomes canvases in red color, from berries cooked jam and did fruit liqueurs. “The gift to young hostesses“ contains in the well-known book of Elena Molokhovets the recipe of preparation of mamurovy liqueur.
In traditional medicine of a mamur it was used as strong antiscorbutic and a febrifuge, and also the curing inflammation in a mouth and a throat. For these purposes in August collected fruits and did water infusion. Water infusion of leaves which collected and dried in June - July was used for healing from dyspepsia, that is by disorders of digestion. Unfortunately, presently mamura remains less, first of all, because of deforestation and drainage of bogs.
In Romania is the village of Mamura, in Japan it is a widespread surname (and occurs at us), in Central Asia, for example, in Uzbekistan and Tajikistan quite often name children at the birth Mamur. And in the Spanish folklore of a mamura - tiny beings with horns, in red hats and red panties. However, in some places they are called differently, for example, in Galicia - dyablilyo, in Catalonia - maridilyo, Asturias - pauto etc.
If to them likes some person, they begin to serve it, and this person can do with crumbs that will consider it necessary: or to leave at itself, either to present, or to sell. Mamura - the diligent and not knowing fatigue housekeepers. The only prank inherent in them is the hiding of things in the house.
To cope with this tendency, according to a belief, it is possible, having threatened: “If do not stop, I will lock you in a bull horn!“.
Persons interested to catch a mamur had to put under a bush a box from - under pins (the kid easily in it is located) and to return behind it at midnight. Other way - to put on the night of Ivanov day a sunflower seed maneyroner from which he will soon be born. There is such lovely fairy tale.
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At so various spheres of use of words mamur and of a mamur it is very likely that their initial sense was connected with the fructifying earth force.