Alexander Borodin. In what beauty of Polovtsian dancings?
Speak, Tolkien was inspired by a melody “Depart“ just when writing the well-known epic books. I cannot confirm it at the moment, but melodies of “Polovtsian dancings“ - one of the most beloved in the world and presently.
“The Five“ is the commonwealth of composers in Russia, in the 19th century. Years of this creative cooperation - approximately 1856-1871 (naturally, in such spheres there cannot be exact dates, there are no organizing committees and congresses here, only the personal relations and common interests which become the world phenomenon subsequently). So somewhat at the beginning of the 21st century - anniversary at “small group“.
Most of participants - classics of world music. Influence on world culture in general - is invaluable. It is enough to tell that the considerable part of the French music grew of the 20th century from “The Five“. “Small group“ was called still “Five“ - by the number of participants. The main phenomenon of the French music of the 20th century is so-called “Six“. So they called themselves in honor of the Russian musicians and even (joking) distributed the roles: Eric Satie - as Borodin, the outstanding writer Jean Cocteau - as the critic Vladimir Stasov.
“ Ah, prince you ours, Alexander Porfiryevich !“ - so could address, probably, Borodin. The matter is that the remarkable scientific chemist and the ingenious composer, the author of “Prince Igor“ A. Borodin (1833-1887) was on the birth a prince. But - not recognized as the father.
Concerning the father of Borodino it is known that called him Luka Stepanovich Gedinov, he was the Georgian prince. However - I hold before eyes quite academic book about Borodin: there it is written that the sort went back to the Tatar princely sort connected with Georgian the related relations. But - what would not be this sort, A. Borodin was registered as the son of the serf prince Gedianov - Porfiriya Borodina and his wives. And the boy in the childhood was registered as the serf of the father … And mother was not mother - it was written down as the son of other woman, at first considered the mother as the native aunt.
The native father affranchised the son only before the death (when Alexander was born, the prince was already elderly - 62 years). Mother managed to persuade the father to give him to the serf and the son in combination house education with governesses - Frenchwomen and the German governesses (the prince assumed to send initially the son to training in the shoemaker). And here vocational music education was not - to playing a flute the boy was learned at one of soldiers of the Semenovsky regiment. So schools - gymnasiums Alexander did not finish that did not prevent it to become the famous chemist and the great composer.
And the mother was married - to Kleyneke`s voyenvrach, subsequently in the new “formed“ family children were born too. Alexander could already grow in a home (too before death bought by the prince), with careful mother who did everything that the son did not feel restrained and in every possible way promoted his thirst for sciences and music. In 12 years Alexander of the house already had the chemical laboratory - and house not only were not afraid, and rejoiced to hobbies of the boy.
Hardly it was succeeded “to attach“ Alexander in estate - wrote down in merchants. It allowed it to become the auditor Mediko - surgical academy. He studied at the outstanding chemist N. Zimin there, and studied brilliantly. By this time he became the close friend of the great chemist Dmitry Mendeleyev.
Borodin becomes an intern voyenno - overland hospital where meets the patient - the officer Modest Mussorgsky. All Russian music of the first two thirds of the 19th century is music of ingenious self-educated persons, professional education in Russia only - only entered the period of the formation.
Further big foreign business trip followed: the well-known Heidelberg university in Germany, France, Italy. In Germany he got acquainted with the future wife - Ekaterina Protopopova, they got married already in Russia, in several years.
In the homeland A. Borodin is professor - the chemist, the academician Mediko - surgical academy, one of founders of the Russian chemical society, an opener of the chemical reaction called in his honor ( Borodin`s reaction - Hunsdikera ). Also first-ever received new connection in the laboratory - fluoric benzoit . And at the same time became the founder in Russia of genres of the symphony and quartets - and it already concerns his musical activity. As it is possible to combine activity of the scientist - the chemist and the world renowned composer - a riddle …
the Prince Igor
This heroics - the epic opera does not descend from scenes of all world theaters. Thanks to Borodin the whole world poorly - it is poor in a sign with a monument of Old Russian literature - “Tale of Igor`s Campaign“.
Borodin wrote the well-known opera long - about 18 years, even specially went to Putivl (nowadays - Ukraine). He did not manage to add - died in 53 years of heart attack, Lyadov, Glazunov and Rimsky-Korsakov - including orchestrated part of scenes well-known “Polovtsian dancings“ .
“ you See beauties of my of - for the Caspian Sea?... you Want
any of them I will present to you ?“.
The prince Igor in captivity, in a Polovtsian camp. Cumans are Turkic-speaking nomads against whom the prince started a campaign (on a well-known legend). Cumans constantly attacked lands of the Southern Russia, passed so-called russko - Polovtsian wars. And subsequently - family - the dynastic unions consisted.
The Polovtsian khan Konchak tries to persuade the prince Igor to become his ally. Hang tries and to entertain the prince, offering any of the beauties - concubines. But Igor resolutely refuses, despite improbable beauty of girls (that is supposed, proceeding from incredibly beautiful music) - he understands the debt and his Yaroslavna cries in Putivle.
The prince Igor refuses also freedom. Hang Kongchak nobly, even quite in a chivalrous manner offers him freedom in exchange for the promise never to lift the sword against Cumans. The prince Igor and against marriage of the son Vladimir with Konchakovna - the daughter of the khan though young people love each other.
Magnificent festival with dancings - one of the most beautiful scenes of the opera. Wild, unrestrained and spontaneous dancings of soldiers - Cumans with the most delicate song and dances of Polovtsian girls became classics of world music long ago - and independent theatrical work.
“The Russian music about the East“ - a separate big subject. It is enough to tell that and to nobody it was possible to transfer in the world so originally “east color“ yet anywhere - persons interested can listen and to other works of composers of “The Five“: Miliya Balakirev or “Shekherezadu`s“ “Islamey“ of Rimsky-Korsakov. Such penetration into “spirit of the East“ is unsurprising in fact, but it is surprising on depth and beauty of expression.
Also the fact that Borodin`s music (as well as Mussorgsky`s music, and after Prokofiev) is widely presented in bottoms - culture of the 20th century is not casual at all. Polovtsian dancings can be heard in Julio Iglesias`s album Emocione, in music of the outstanding American jazz musician Arti Shaw, there is a version hip - hop option (the album “The Rapsody Overture“ of the rapper Warren Dzhi, a song so simply and is called “Prince Igor“, on music from the opera and the rap sounds). Close to hip - to a hop (trip - hop) option at bristolky collective Massive Attack. Borodin`s music in numerous foreign TV series and even computer games sounds.
And in the well-known American musical “the Kismet. Musical “Thousand and one night“ almost entirely sounds A. Borodin`s music - there both “The powerful symphony“, and the symphonic sketch “In Central Asia“, and the serenade from the Small suite, and music from “Prince Igor“ (not only Polovtsian dancings, but even the aria of the prince Galitsky). The great composer Alexander Borodin actually is registered as the composer of the Broadway musical of 1953.
P. S. In comments - “Polovtsian dancings“.