Gloxinia. How it is correct to look after her?
once davny - came long ago to Someone very clever to mind to decorate the house fresh with flowers. Perhaps, at first it were herbs which people learned to grow up in winter time in house conditions. And only then to replace the necessary and useful plants window plants came. They were appreciated, first of all, beautiful flowers and decorative foliage.
And when new lands were open, in greenhouses and rooms “newcomers“ from rainforests, subtropics, deserts etc. of
Quite so in the first half of the 19th century appeared the gloxinia got to Europe . This greatest representative of family gesneriyevy is from Brazil. The botanical name, a sinningiya hybrid (Sinningia hybrida), she received from a surname of the chief gardener of the Boston university Wilhelm Sinninga. Subdued by the tropical beauty, Sinning long and laboriously was engaged in her selection and hybridization. Emergence of one of the most beautiful became result (and that is important, unpretentious) it is decorative - the blossoming plants.
The second name - a gloxinia, a plant received from - for forms of the flowers very similar to hand bells. The gloxinia - “Glocke“, is translated from German as “hand bell“.
It is necessary to fall in love at first sight with flowers - grammofonchik of the widest color scale: otsnezhno - white to darkly - claret (almost black) and from gently - blue to darkly - blue and it is dense - violet. Some grades of gloxinias have flowers with flounced edges and a contrast border on edge of petals. There are versions (print and tigrina) with contrast specks on an internal surface of flowers.
In the botanical relation a gloxinia - the sinningiya is a klubnevy perennial plant. Flowers - hand bells simple or terry (depending on a grade), tower on long tsvetonosa over wide darkly - green velvety leaves.
A gloxinia - the plant unpretentious, is necessary for it a lot of light (but it is necessary to avoid direct sunshine), an easy and nutritious substratum, regular top dressing by complex fertilizer and air temperature from 18 to 21 degrees. What the gloxinia does not transfer, so it drafts and spraying. Spraying in general for it superfluous as water droplets, having got on velvety leaves, can cause emergence of dark stains and rotting. It is the best of all to place pots with a gloxinia on a tray with pebble or expanded clay where regularly add water. Evaporating, water will moisten air around a flower.
I apply a soft brush to cleaning of leaves of a gloxinia of dust. It is necessary to water a gloxinia room temperature: in summertime 2 - 3 times a week, in the winter, in a dormant period, watering is reduced to once a month. I try to water the gloxinias in the pallet that water did not get on flowers and leaves. In half an hour “the water which is not drunk“ in the flowers I delete all.
The gloxinia from April to September blossoms, then at it there comes the dormant period, at this time watering is reduced. The top part of a plant dies off, and tubers “fall asleep“ for 3 - 4 months. Pots with the “sleeping“ tubers store in the dry and cool place (for example, in a cellar), practically without watering, but without allowing full drying of soil. Tubers and in room conditions, in the same pots where they grew, powdered with a thick layer of the clean and dry sand filled over the main soil “have not bad a rest“.
I begin “to awake“ gloxinias in January, for this purpose I bring pots to the house, I take out tubers, I look through them to remove sick or dried (there is also it), I presoak in “Immunotsitofita“ for 30 minutes and I put in other pots, wide and superficial, diameter it is slightly more previous (on 1,5 - 2 cm). Such mix will be the best soil for a gloxinia: humus, sheet earth and sand in the ratio 4:4:1. When landing it is necessary to watch that the top part of a tuber slightly towered over the earth.
It is possible to use also purchased soil, so it is even more convenient. However, I had a case of infection of flowers with the whitefly from a ready pochvosmesa.
I place pots with gloxinias on a light and warm window sill (on trays with the moistened expanded clay), I water once a week. It is necessary to feed up gloxinias each two weeks liquid complex fertilizer or to apply “long-playing“ fertilizer in the form of sticks, one stick lasts for 2 - 2,5 months.
As well as all houseplants, gloxinias can be surprised diseases and wreckers. Probably, the most artful of wreckers is a web tick. As excellent protection against it serves timely processing of plants acaricides which wide choice is in flower shops. Sometimes the gloxinia is “attacked“ by tripsa and the plant louse, very unpleasant insects capable for a short time to ruin a plant. It is rather simple to destroy them, having sprayed a gloxinia an insecticide.
From diseases gloxinias should note rotting of tubers, fusariosis, a black leg, gray decay. As a rule, all of them appear from excessive watering. It is possible to fight with them and it is necessary. Processing of tubers before landing “Immunotsitofity“ or potassium permanganate solution - an excellent measure of prevention. If nevertheless gloxinias ached, they should be processed any fungicide suitable for window plants.
Make multiple copies a gloxinia division of tubers, sheet shanks and seeds. I know from own experience that in house conditions receiving seeds - process almost impracticable (for me, in any case) therefore I make multiple copies a flower sheet shanks . I choose large, absolutely healthy leaves. I cut off them at the time of a plant butonization (the cut becomes obliquely, a sharp knife), I place in glasses with light-pink solution of potassium permanganate for 6 - 8 hours. Then I transfer to clear otstoyanny water which I change every week.
As soon as on shanks backs are formed, I land them in previously wetted peat tablets (they are on sale) or in the glasses for seedling filled with soil, and I cover everyone with a transparent plastic bag. Once a day packages needs to be removed for 10 - 15 minutes that shanks were aired. After a while on the cut-off ends of shanks small klubenyochka are formed. By this moment packages need to be cleaned absolutely. The new plants received thus can blossom same year.
Quite just the gloxinia and a sheet plate breeds . The cut-off healthy leaf (without scape!) it is made an incision on the central vein between branchings, keeps within (cuts down) on the pure and moistened sand or peat and it is covered with a package. Small gloxinias are formed of notches on a leaf. When kids have about 2 - 3 real leaflets, they need to be seated on small pots.
The small klubenk received from sheet shanks well remain in dry sand at a temperature of 10 - 15 degrees. In January they are landed in pots and look after the same as adult plants.
My acquaintance practices division of tubers of a gloxinia. For this purpose it selects large, healthy tubers (3 - 4 - summer age) and divides them into several parts, depending on quantity of sprouts. Powders cuts with pounded absorbent carbon, and then lands each piece of a tuber in a separate pot.
At good leaving the tuber of a gloxinia can live till 10 years, awarding owners with magnificent blossoming. The tuber is larger, the more on it it is formed flowers (sometimes to 50 pieces). To prolong blossoming of a gloxinia, it is better to delete deflowered tsvetonosa in due time.
A gloxinia - not only decoration of your window, but also a fine gift on birthday. The bouquet of roses or chrysanthemums will wither quickly, and the gloxinia will please with magnificence of velvet hand bells many years. It is necessary to look after her only correctly.