River crafts are how safe?
In connection with recently happened tragedy about the diesel - the electrocourse “Bulgaria“, many people will think of safety of river travel, and someone, perhaps, will even run to hand over the permit in tourist`s bureau.
Let`s estimate dangers of river travel really. What accidents happen? Collision, grounding, fire, well and at last, flooding.
Statistically, collisions of vessels on the rivers happen much more less than at the sea. Paradox? At all! Just on the river of court go, as along the road - everyone on the lane. As well as on roads, right-hand traffic is accepted. At the same time, they still agree upon a handheld transceiver about divergence . The vessel going from below the first comes to VHF - a radio communication and suggests the oncoming vessel to disperse the left boards, also includes a svetoimpulsny starting signal.
Why the vessel going from below? And it goes against the stream, and if something happens - it is simpler to it to stop. The oncoming vessel expresses a consent or disagreement. If is not present - it is passed. It often happens on almost impassable sites of the river - rifts. The boatmaster steering the vessel despite knowledge of this reach by heart, constantly consults the map of the atlas. When approaching to the site of a way closed for a divergence and overtaking he reports about it on VHF - a radio communication that surrounding vessels could coordinate the actions.
Grounding happens only in case of illiterate actions of the boatmaster. Passengers then will feel a push - the vessel flew on an obstacle. Can fall, hurt, the ware falls and fights. Generally, all as in the movie “Volga - Volga“. If the vessel only hooked on a few surface of a bottom, then it can quietly be refloated and continue the flight independently. The vessel bottom without effort will sustain similar loading.
But the vessel can sit down and capitally, at the same time also to damage the bottom. It is already serious accident, to tourists it threatens with the broken schedule of excursions in the next to couple of the cities. As independently the vessel will not be refloated, it is necessary to cause a tow, to wait for it arrival and operations on sjy “well“ the fitting vessel can borrow not one hour
If the hole was formed - it is closed up by means of a cement box. Still illiterate actions of the boatmaster can lead to blow of the vessel about the mooring or about a lock wall. But it is already notorious “human factor“.
The most terrible that can be on the vessel is the fire . By bitter experience it is established that modern river crafts burn down completely in 25 minutes. Therefore most of all on any vessel it is given attention of fire safety. Everywhere fire extinguishers freeze up, special boards with fire stock are equipped.
If you found the ignition center on the vessel, it is necessary to report about it to any crew member immediately. It is the best of all to rise to the running cabin and to tell about it to the log chief. On the vessel there is a schedule on alarms, each crew member knows how to behave also that to do to it in this or that situation. A task of passengers in this case - not to prevent them to work.
Well, and a case with capsizing . The phenomenon is quite unique. The matter is that river crafts are issued with essentially different device of the bottom: kilevaty and flat-bottomed. Kilevatye is at us from seamen. Such vessels well keep on any wave. Flat-bottomed boats are suitable for operation on the rivers with insignificant depths more, but on a wave they keep much worse. And if also the superstructure is much more underwater part, then it not the vessel at all, and Vanka - a vstanka will be. But! to Such vessels it is strictly forbidden to leave in reservoirs with a certain height of a wave.
The matter is that the class of the River Register which specifies with what height of a wave this or that vessel can be operated is appropriated to all vessels.
Annually any vessel carries out maintenance. Each five years average repair is carried out. The vessel is lifted on slip, there is a fault detection of the bottom. If sheets of a covering are thinner, than it is necessary in accordance with GOST, just cut out them, and on their place weld new. Besides, touch the main engines and perform a weight more of any work.
On river transport very tough rules of technical operation of vessels are established. The special government body - the River Register of navigation is urged to monitor implementation of implementation of these rules.
By the way, pay attention who was detained in connection with death of “Bulgaria“. Well, the fact that the owner - it is clear, but also the senior expert of Kama branch of the Russian river register Yakov Ivashov who allowed operation technically unsuitable as considers a consequence, vessels.
So if all do everything according to the Law and normative documents, then river crafts - the safest type of transport, in comparison with the others (aviation, railway or automobile).