Rus Articles Journal

In what language most of all words?

Appear, on this simple question it is very difficult to give any certain answer. And if still it is possible to deal with language of the cannibal tribe “Mumbo - Yumbo“ which, as we know, includes exactly 300 words, then with the modern languages this trick will not work. To each word of a question in heading of article arise, forgive for a tautology, questions.

First of all what to consider as the word? We got used that the word is a set of letters between two gaps. But in language of the Greenland Eskimos separate words just are absent and each offer can be considered as the separate word. And in less exotic languages there are problems. For example, in Czech “not“ with verbs it is written together, in Turkish denial in general is hided in the center of the word so by our rules each word with denial needs to be considered separately.

And how in that case to be with the terminations (big, big, big) and homonyms (onions as a plant and onions as the weapon)? Whether it is possible to consider as separate words abridgements and abbreviations? Whether it is possible to include the word “KVN player“ or “zampolit“? And notorious “to zamolazhivat“? And in each language of such dirty tricks tens of thousands!

Trickier questions arise on the fact that to consider as language? Whether to consider dialects and dialects as separate languages or kinds of the basic? By the way, in Europe and Africa quite often it happens, as not at once you will define what language for a dialect is the basic, before everything is mixed. And whether it is possible to define unambiguously to what language this or that word belongs? For example, “hut“ or “ataman“ is the Russian or Ukrainian words? To what language to set off the words “server“, “website“, “provider“ - English, German, Russian or all at once?

Therefore we will be limited only to separate estimations which do not apply for any scientific value at all, but can be, will be informative.

We will begin, of course, with Russian. Linguists claim that in it is mute about 500000 words, apart from special and scientific terms which double this number. Of course, among this unimaginable set there are outdate, borrowed and compound words incorporating not less than two meaning-bearing bases, diminutive, caressing and other forms of the same initial word. Therefore if to address the most authoritative Big Academy dictionary in 17 - ti volumes, then it will turn out that in it is mute 131 257 words. But it is necessary to consider that there was this dictionary in 1970 and knows nothing about reorganization, the Internet and other pleasures of modern life, and also about the dialectal words occurring in rural areas. You remember about “blue“?

As for English, according to the Global Language Monitor project, in the middle of 2009 the number of words in it exceeded one million and continues to grow with a speed about 15 words a day. Decide to trust it or not, but the word “Web 2 became million. 0“. Yes, quite so - with tsiferka! Besides, among the words registered in this list it is possible to find 9/11, Obama, Vladimir Putin, H1N1, dot. com, Y2K, King of Pop, Same - sex marriage, Ho - Ho - Ho (the traditional phrase of Santa Claus) and even =^. ^ = (kitten) and other smilies! It is interesting what will turn out if by the same rules to consider in Russian everything Fortinbrasa on Umslopogas and RU SK GP Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation? But also according to dictionaries English wins clean. So, in the third edition of the Vebsterovsky dictionary of 450 thousand words, and in full Oxford - about 500 thousand.

Independently there are hieroglyphic languages where each symbol means not a letter, but the whole word. Here direct comparisons are impossible at all. If to look according to dictionaries, then such languages strongly lose. The most unabridged Japanese dictionary contains 50000 hieroglyphs. At the same time the Ministry of Public Education of Japan defined for daily use only 1850 hieroglyphs. In Chinese the total of hieroglyphs is more - about 80 thousand. But also here it is really used much less. So, the state standard accepted in 1981 “The main set of the hieroglyphs coded for use in the COMPUTER“ includes 6763 hieroglyphs.

However a formal winner is Italian. At Italians all compound numerals are written together, in one word out in words. And as the number sequence is infinite, also the number of words of Italian is infinite. Knockout!