Badabersky revolt. How it was?
In February, 1989 the Soviet troops were disengaged from Afghanistan. What they did there - it is very single question, but as “the dry fact“ it is possible to tell that from the moment of withdrawal of troops till present the drug traffic to Russia and Europe grew from this country is thousandfold. It is not a metaphor, but statistics... by
it is Already noted 22 - I am anniversary of withdrawal of troops, but the mass of the facts of heroism of the Soviet soldier still, unfortunately, is unknown or little-known. The official statistics claims that during performance of an international debt of loss of the Soviet army in all 10 years of presence in Afghanistan 70 thousand people made. It taking into account seriously injured, the killed and prisoners. After withdrawal of troops more than three hundred people were registered in captivity and as “missing persons“. But on some soldiers from among these three hundred information, let and sketchy, at command and at the political leadership of the USSR nevertheless was. Documents on their heroic death were declassified recently.
Badabersky revolt is about the event known as . For a start it makes sense to give excerpt from secret-service documents of the Ministry of State security of Afghanistan:
“The center of training of rebels at camp of the Afghan refugees of Badaber (30 km to the south of Peshawar) occupies the space of 500 hectares. In the territory of the center 300 cadets are trained. The teaching structure (65 people) is completed by the Egyptian and Pakistani instructors … In the territory of the center 6 warehouses with arms and ammunition, and also 3 prison rooms underground are located. They, according to an agency, contain the Afghan and Soviet prisoners of war captured in military operations in 1982 - 1984. The mode of their contents especially strict, isolated. Who contains in underground dungeons - secret. None of ordinary inhabitants of training center have access there. Even cans with soup working at kitchen leave at doors with a trellised window. In them protection brings. Knows only limited number of people about the Soviet prisoners. Prisoners of underground prison of a bezymyanna. Instead of names, surnames Muslim nicknames are appropriated to them. They wear identical long-skirted shirts and wide wide trousers. Are put who in galoshes on a bare foot who in kersey boots with the cut-off tops. For humiliation of human dignity of some captives, the most obstinate and rebellious, are branded, chained in a chain, starved, pour in poor food cheap drugs“ .
And here the endurance narrating about these events from an analytical note of intelligence service 40 - y army from which only relatively the security classification was removed recently:
“on April 26, 1985 in 21. 00 during an evening Mohammedan prayer the group of the Soviet prisoners of war of prison Badaber (in the territory of Pakistan) removed six sentries at artillery warehouses and, having forced locks in an arsenal, armed, dragged up ammunition to the coupled antiaircraft emplacement and a machine gun of DShK established on a roof. The mortar and RPG grenade launchers was alerted. The Soviet soldiers occupied key points of fortress: several angular towers and building of an arsenal. All staff of base - about 3000 people led by instructors from the USA, Pakistan and Egypt was alarmed. They tried to return storm control over fortress, but were met by heavy fire and, having suffered heavy losses, were forced to recede. In 23. The 00th leader of Islamic society of Afghanistan Burhanuddin Rabbani lifted a regiment of Mujahideens Khalid - ibn - Walid, surrounded fortress and ordered to rebels to give up, however received the response requirement - to call representatives of Embassies of the USSR, Afghanistan, the Red Cross and the UN. The second storm which was beaten also off by the risen Soviet soldiers began. The place of fight was blocked by the threefold ring of an environment made of mujaheddins and the military personnel of the Pakistani army, armored machinery and artillery of the 11th army case of Armed Forces of Pakistan by then. In air patrolled warplanes of the Air Force of Pakistan. The most severe fight continued all night long. Storm followed storm, forces of risen thawed, however and the enemy sustained notable losses. On April 27 Rabbani demanded to give up again and again was refused. He ordered to bring heavy artillery to direct aiming and to storm fortress. After artillery preparation storm in which the heavy machinery and a link of helicopters of the Pakistani Air Force participated began. When troops rushed into fortress, the remained wounded Soviet prisoners of war blew up an arsenal, died and destroyed significant forces of the opponent“ .
It is confirmed also by reports of the Center of space service. Here endurance of April 28, 1985:
“According to data of space service, in SZPP of Pakistan explosion of big force destroyed camp of training of Mujahideens of Badaber. The funnel size in the picture received from a communication satellite reaches 80 meters“ .
It did not stand aside and from supervision of Americans. There is a message of the American consulate in Peshawar in U.S. State Department of April 28 and 29, 1985:
“The camp territory the area of square mile was covered with a layer of splinters of shells, rockets and locals found min., and human remains at distance to 4 miles from the place of explosion … The camp Badaber contained 14 - 15 Soviet soldiers, two of whom managed to survive after revolt was suppressed …“
, Why this information was strictly secret by the Ministry of Defence and KGB of the USSR, unclear still, but it and is not especially important. Important another - incredible and fantastic heroism of the Soviet soldier remained unvalued. And respectively, it is not done justice to the died heroes.
And participated in this revolt and heroically about 15 Soviet soldiers and officers died. That power with which they had to be at war blows the mind: with them Rabbani`s Mujahideens, the whole army case of Pakistan battled against use of heavy artillery and aircraft. Losses of forwards were extremely disproportionate to forces of defending and made:
- about 100 Mujahideens;
- 90 servicemen of the Pakistani active armed forces;
- 28 officers of the Pakistani regular army;
- 13 representatives of the Pakistani authorities;
- 6 American instructors;
- 3 Grad rocket systems;
- 40 units of heavy military equipment.
After that, on April 29, 1985, head of Islamic party of Afghanistan. Hekmatiyar issued the order in which it was noted that “as a result of incident in camp of training of Mujahideens in Pakistan were killed and wounded 97 brothers“ . He demanded from field commanders to strengthen protection of the captured prisoners, but also, “not to take Russians from now on prisoner“ , not to transport them to Pakistan, and “to destroy on the place of capture“ .
The official Pakistani authorities and the guide of Mujahideens for obvious reasons hid the happened unprecedented event in Badabere as could. For this purpose issue of the peshavarsky magazine “Safir“ which published material about revolt was confiscated and quickly destroyed. Besides, the message on it was placed also by the left Pakistani newspaper “Muslim“, from where, actually, and there was an information leakage. For this news the western agencies were hooked and even the Voice of America radio station, unfriendly to the USSR, paid tribute to heroism of the Soviet soldier. And here the leadership of the USSR coded it at once and did not even notify relatives of heroically died fighters.
Though the Soviet ambassador in Islamabad V. Smirnov declared to the president Ziya - ul - to Haque a resolute protest “in connection with punishment over the Soviet military personnel in the Pakistani territory“ , but this event was also not published. In a note it was said that “the Soviet party confers all responsibility for an event on the government of Pakistan and expects that it will draw appropriate conclusions about consequences with which its partnership in aggression against Afghanistan and by that against the Soviet Union is fraught“ .
In the army environment of the Soviet Army rumors about these events went, but specifically nobody knew anything. For the civil population of the USSR it is an event as if did not exist till 1990 until the Krasnaya Zvezda newspaper for the first time told about this feat, however, without surnames.
By the way, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Ukraine found possible to award posthumously “the“ participants of revolt in Badabere. Russia preferred to leave heroes without award.