How to explain to the child what is language? Pronouns and syntactic words of
, it seems, we listed everything that is necessary for language. But forgot about short words without which in any way not to do. They designate the one who acts.
Here, for example, down the street there is a person. And if to ask it what it does? Will answer: I go.
Speaking about itself, the person will tell “ I “.
Addressing another, you will call it “ “ or, politely, “ you “.
- You love ice cream?
- And you it unless do not love ?
Telling about other person or a subject, will tell his name or will use the word “ it “.
It came, it is teased, it (milk) is hotter. Only the one who is told has to know already what he there is a speech about. They surround the city. Mountains? Woods? Or, maybe, enemies?
These words are called pronouns . They are used “ instead of a name“. They do not call the one who acts, and as if point to it.
Pronouns answer questions “Who?“ or “That?“
- Who here? - I . Who will be responsible for it? - You .
- Who ate jam? - It ! (we will show on a puppy).
Pronouns can answer also a question “Whose?“
- Whose child? - My, your, its, its.
- Whose dog? - My, your, its, its, our.
- Whose sun? - Anybody`s!
of the Pronoun can be pointed to a sign still:
Dog (what?) - that or this ?
The child - that t or it t?
A tree - that or it ?
These rocks red. And that - gray.
Questions which we ask, it is of a pronoun too .
- Who came?
- Cht about brought?
- Big - very big!
- How many such big fishes?
And still pronouns help to call a subject about which it is not known.
someone came (I do not know who). It brought some (I do not know, what) something (I do not know that). Brought a little (did not consider, how many, but more than two).
Here what useful words of a pronoun!
We found out that each word designates something: either subject, or its sign, or quantity something, or action. And whether is in word language which designate nothing? Is.
It is office words. In itself they do not designate anything. Well, it is valid that it “ on “? But put it before a noun, and it will get sense at once.
Here it is expensive. I go on to the road. Or on to the street. Or on to the bridge.
There is a chair. I sit on a chair. Or on a table.
And it is possible to fly over the earth, over the wood. Or on to the sky.
can hide for a case. Or for a bed. It is possible also for under a bed. But then it is necessary to you from - under it to get out.
Such office words which help to connect words, to adapt them to each other, are called pretexts . By the way, the name at them too speaking: “before“ - the same that “before“. And Lagos on - Latin - “word“. So where there are pretexts?
There are in language also other useful words. It is the unions . They help to show the attitudes between concepts. Here, for example, you were going to walk. And you are not let. Because on the street do not put, and night. The union “ and “ shows that two words have absolutely different value opposite. They are opposed each other, they are enemies. And the union “ and “ on the contrary, shows that words - friends.
At us in the house live a dog and a cat.
I have a brother and the sister.
In a portfolio textbooks and notebooks lie.
A still the i union shows that two actions happen or at the same time, or one behind another:
the Sun shines and heats (at once both).
I got up in the morning and went to school (at first rose, and then went).
There now, we found out what language is under construction of. Not just from words - they are as if sorted at us in a brain to destination. Just as in the designer. Details can be different in color, by the size, but if they lie in one office, so at them one mission - to be either a wheel, or a window, or part of a wall. It is possible to construct of ready details anything.
Only why at one the miracle - the house, and at another - a crooked izba turns out high-rise? Correctly. It is necessary to know how to connect these detalk, that is the nobility governed. In language - the same: it is necessary to know how to build the speech.
But we will talk about it next time.