How to explain to the child what is language? As language
was created When you learn biology at school, you learn how life on Earth arose. As living beings changed. Scientists call this change evolution . At first the living being consisted of one live part - of a cage , became then many cellular .
With each step of evolution organisms became harder and harder. There were fishes. Then life came from water out of the water. There were animals. They evolved - developed. At last, primacies were created. So in science call anthropoids - our far ancestors. Primacies had no tail any more, and they went on two legs.
And so, the most interesting that the germ of the person which is formed in mother`s organism, repeats all stages of evolution of the person in the development. At a germ appear, and gills disappear then, appears, and the tail disappears then. When the germ receives a body of the person, it is ready to the birth.
But it is not ready to life in society. He is able to shout when to it it is bad and “to babble“ when to it it is good. That is to make sounds, the same as animals. Only by a year the kid begins is comprehended to say parts of words. Ma - ma, a pas - a pas. He adapts to say not just sounds, and speech sounds . Later - to use the whole words, for the present very simple to receive that it is necessary for it: “yes“, “no“, “give“. By two years the child is already able to make simple sentences. For example: “I do not want soup! Give candy“! At last, by three years the kid can express the thoughts.
Gradually language of the little person is more and more enriched, he masters all new concepts. (Look, what interesting word: about - - ivat of a sv, about - svo it, that is “will make “).
Mastering language, the child for three - passes four years the same long way that there passed the mankind, creating language.
What words were necessary to people? To designate what surrounds them people thought up words - of the name : mother, father, river, sea, sun, sky, day, night. Such words scientists called then by nouns. A noun - the fact that exists . The noun is a word - the name. It designates a subject. Everything that answers the questions “Who It?“ or “What is it?“ - for language a subject .
And how to distinguish one subject from another? This apple (what?) red, and this green. Big or, on the contrary, small. Sweet or sour. Good or bad. For this purpose words which are told by adjectives were required .
Not in itself exist, and are applied to others, words - names. Such words designate a subject sign (in what one subject differs from another same).
Besides, words were absolutely necessary for people to designate quantity something. Try - to do without them! How many days in a week - seven. How many months in a year - twelve. At last, how much is bread roll? Such words called by numerals , from the word number. To form these words it appeared not so difficult. The main thing to think up the first ten words: one, two, three … ten.
It was simpler further: on ten - one - on - dts - to at one, on ten - heels - on - dts to at five. Two times on ten - two - dts - to at, three times on ten - three - dts - to at. 10 times on 10 are hundred, or one hundred. And two times on hundred - two of St and, two hundred. Four times on hundred - four St and. And so on: five of honeycombs , six of honeycombs , nine of honeycombs .
But one names in language not to manage. Words which designate actions were necessary. Many of such words were born from imitation sounds which are made by the operating objects or beings. The bee - Buzzes, the snake - Sh-Sh - hisses, the cow - M - M - lows, the sparrow - CHIRPS. The cane Sh-Sh - rustles, the rain the CAP - the CAP - drips.
Words which designate actions scientists called verbs . “To speak“ - on - Old Russian means “to speak“. Verbs - very important words in language. Everything that is done by objects, is actions. Even the stone which, it seems, does nothing and just lies. But lies! Means, works.
However it is possible to work differently. It is possible to shout as? Loudly or quietly. To stand - where? Far or close. To fly - as? Highly or low. To go where? There (we will show a hand). To return from where? From far away. To do what for? To spite. Such words which designate features (signs) of action are called of an adverb .