Rus Articles Journal


the heading

“Literary page“ or “Books come back!“





an epigraph:

“… For me there is only a way which I wander … which has heart … the only worthy call - to pass it to the last span...“

(Castaneda) of

... Mystical rituals, unsolved letters of the disappeared people, ledyanyashchy blood of superstition and many other things, shrouded in a mystery cover - all this long since attracted the person - the secret

is always attractive, and the person at heart the is inquisitive and curious.

I is a property of human nature unconsciously - or it is conscious - professor of anthropology of the Californian university, in the past the student studying application of herbs by the Mexican Indians and then the author of the best-sellers which made a noise around the world Carlos Castaneda used. Used, it is necessary to tell, truly skillfully! Those who read Castaneda`s books for certain will agree with me.

All ten volumes of its works did not manage to leave, and there were already numerous works investigating and displaying works of the writer on shelves. And there is no wonder. Still the main riddle of creativity of Castaneda is not solved: what are its books - the reporting on really taking place events or the ingenious fiction which absorbed the brightest from genres of a fantasy, the detective and poetry, but not being any of them?

The author was inclined to designate a genre of the books as something, close to the reporting and the autobiography.

Interest in application of herbs by Hugo`s Indians - the western and northern Mexico was gradually replaced at the student - the anthropologist by interest in system of beliefs, more precisely to ancient knowledge which was practiced the old Indian from the tribe by yaks Juan Matus and other Indian, from the tribe masatek, Genaro Flores, become over time Castaneda`s teachers, despite a peculiar counteraction and persistence of the last, as appears from its certificates, the unusual apprenticeship differing from habitual for the student radically who not at once accepted - the anthropologist of the academic system of training.

under the influence of these people as if radiating ancient mysterious force, Castaneda`s work began to have autobiographical character. Here is how the author speaks about it:

“... The autobiography is very peculiar as I do not talk, like any normal person, about daily events of my life... I write rather a lake. metamorphoses of my life... In other words, the system of beliefs which I intended to study impartially absorbed


As the student Castaneda got into the confused magic labyrinths, what was represented to him by primitive system of rituals earlier, was the huge and impressive world.

“... What happens to me is not more something like that that is known to anthropologists of systems of beliefs of the Mexican Indians. As a result... I decided that under similar circumstances I need only - to present one everything as it really happened. I can assure the reader that I do not conduct a double life and that in the daily existence I follow the principles of system“ Indian magicians.

The particular interest for practical western (and ours) the person represents the aspect of ancient knowledge concerning household application of magic, including magic of plants. Beginning to study medicinal herbs and their use by Indians, Castaneda came across the whole layer of unusual information which judgment in the context of various magic the practician occupied it several

of years.

B of one of the first schemes, made at that time still by the student of anthropology, appeared as magic components the following:

1) use by Indians of hallucinogenic plants,

2) the rituals and paternosters applied at sorcery,

3) songs and legends,

4) acquisition and the use of “force objects“,

5) use of herbs.

... As we see, “force plants“ including herbs, took the considerable place in magic disciplines. If to trust the author!.


Castaneda most often mentions in the books peyotl (some translators try “to stylize“ this name, having reduced to “peyot“ that is in a conflict with botanical literature and only confuses the reader), Anhalonium which is a cactus from the relevant family (Cactaceae), and other plant, a dope (Datura).

We will begin with an angalonium.

Two close look - Anhalonium lewinii Heunings,

of Anhalonium williamsii Lem. / Lophophora williamsii synonym (Lem. et SD.)

of Coult. / - meet in deserts and the semi-deserts of Texas and Mexico, is more often on sand. These are very small succulents with the thick short trunk which is slightly rising over a soil surface.

the Cactus represents a green hemisphere which surface is “drawn“ by the radial strips which as if are forcing out up a bunch of long silky and very soft gray hairs.

Flowers at a cactus of an angalonium pink, small, sedentary, having the form, characteristic of family, - tubular.

In the Indian tribes of Mexico use of an angalonium practiced various rituals which had religious coloring that, actually, and it is described by Carlos Castaneda.

... At first Indians cut off elevated part of a cactus. When drying the green hemisphere was wrinkled to unrecognizability and there were similar to small brownish flat flat cake of rounded shape about 2 cm in the diameter (the maximum sizes of the dried-up hemispheres reached 2,5 - 3 cm), which was called the word “peyotl“.

Indians used peyotl if to follow Castaneda, for communication with “great Spirit of Meskalito“ and in order that, perhaps, to get his support in “terrestrial affairs“ or “travel on other worlds“. Judging from the fact that cactuses were taken out at one time to Europe and applied by various Aesculapians, researchers under the name “mescal“ (“Mescal - buttons“) for artificial hallucinations when studying some mental diseases, perhaps, so serious glorification in “truthful reportings from the place of an event“ Castaneda of “Meskalito`s spirit“ was only a reflection, reflection of the European medical experiences.

According to other references, Indians used peyotl mainly at religious ceremonies as the drug causing peculiar hallucinations and the state close to intoxication and also as effective tonic when performing a hard work. Here, most likely, the most cruel operation of the remains of the tribes which were ruthlessly exterminated by the followers of Cortes and his conquistadors reducing owners of the ancient earth, great in the past, to position of slaves played a role. Case, not rare in the history...

Angaloniuma - that is peyotl - contain a significant amount of alkaloids, mainly angalamin, karmagin and a mescaline which are responsible for hallucinogenic action of a plant (Indians chewed peyotl entirely, or ate about a half of the dried-up cactus hemisphere). Today use peyotlya, like other drugs, is forbidden.

Plants of family Cactaceous - Cactaceae - are biologically close to representatives of other family, Lakonosovye (Phytolaccaceae), and, most likely, occurred from ancient Lakonosov. The modern immediate family of cactuses is not similar to them externally at all. Can be an example widely known for the decorative and medical qualities lakonos American - Phytolacca americana L.

Today angaloniuma cactuses / mainly to Lophophora williamsii (Lem. et SD.) Coult. var. caespitosa Hort. - Williams`s lofofor the version turfy / can often be met in collections of botanical gardens of Europe and Asia.

Alkaloids of an Asian plant from family are very close to typical alkaloids peyotlya Marevy (Chenopodiaceae), Richter`s solyankas (Salsola richteri Karel.) - salsolin and salsolidin.

the Hydrochloride of a salsolidin is used at treatment of a hypertension, and also at the headache resulting from a spasm of blood vessels of a brain.

the Hydrochloride of a salsolin has the sedative (calming) effect on CNS (central nervous system).


The second plant mentioned by Carlos Castaneda in connection with Indian shaman practicians is Datura innoxia Mill. - the dope is Indian, it is a dope harmless, or nonpoisonous.

In biological and okolobiologichesky literature sometimes arises confusion from - for similarities in names to Datura metel L. Dutra - a dope of brooms, or Indian, from the same family of Solanaceous (Solanaceae).

Confusion is shown that even experts biological (or close to biological) specialties often call an Indian dope Indian though it has no slightest relation to India - and involuntarily repeat a mistake of Columbus who called natives of the New World opened for them, but the wrong taken for India, the Indians who also did not have slightest relation to inhabitants of the peninsula of Hindustan...

... But as both of these externally similar plants belong to one section of one botanical sort, it is necessary to mention one plant representing the same section and living on open spaces of tropical and subtropical America - a dope meteloidny (Datura meteloides Dunn.) nevertheless closer to a dope Indian, than Indian.

... As the head of the reader can go around from obviously stupefying (yes will forgive me a tautology!:) descriptions of distinctions and similarity, we will specify that in the European languages some, so to say, coincidence takes place too.

For example, in English a dope “in general“ that is as a sort, set of types, stramony, in German - Stechapfel is called that is very conformable (and almost coincides on sense) with the English thorn apple, that is literally “prickly apple“ (on appearance a soplodiya, covered at first rather soft, but in process of maturing very sharp and capable of very painful pricks, soplodiya).

However, exactly this, second English, very well-aimed name is applied to absolutely other dope from the section Stramonium - a dope ordinary, or smelly - Datura stramonium L. This plant quite often meets within Europe and Asia (except Far North), taking North Africa.

Flowers at a dope Indian are larger, than at the previous look - ordinary - that does it very interesting in the decorative relation. The tubular cup is twice shorter than a snow-white nimbus, length of flowers of a dope Indian exceeds, as a rule, 10 cm and they are actually very beautiful.

... It is interesting that in the course of evolution for millions of years lengthening of a tube of a nimbus at many representatives of a sort went in parallel with increase in length a hobotka of some butterflies of brazhnik - pollinators. Therefore there were as if spetsialializirovanny types of a dope which can be pollinated only by certain types of brazhnik, becoming completely dependent not only on surprising large butterflies, but also on the person promoting reduction of number and even destruction of many types of brazhnik. As are difficult and as close ties in the thin cover called by the biosphere of the planet are vulnerable!.

Both types of dopes - Indian and Indian - are cultivated both in Europe, and in the Asian countries - Japan, China. It is considered to be that the homeland of the Indian dope (brought to Europe from India) - China and if more precisely, Hugo - the Western China.

Types of the section Stramonium externally differ in the upright boxes containing black seeds. Types of the section Dutra to which also the dope mentioned by Castaneda Indian belongs have the hung boxes filled yellow (even at full maturing) seeds.

of Distinction are observed also concerning phytochemistry (that does clear so meticulous “viewing“ of closely related types): plants from the first section possess a significant amount of alkaloid of a giostsiamin, but very modest maintenance of a skopolamin (leaves in which more alkaloids collect, were a part of anti-asthmatic phytocollecting and cigarettes); in plants from the second section, including in a dope Indian, alkaloid skopolamin prevails.

In the medical relation is most important skopolamin which was for the first time allocated from the representative of other sort of family Solanaceous - from a skopoliya Japanese - and received the name thanks to this plant.

Skopolamin, as we know, has the sedative (calming) effect on TsNS. For the rest its action is similar to effect of atropine (which stimulates TsNS) - skopolamin expands a pupil, partially removes seasickness symptoms, limits secretion of sweat glands, weakens smooth muscles, showing spazmolitichesky and soothing properties.

Perhaps, having disappointed homebrew fans of psychodelic “enlightenment“, Castaneda describes the experiments with hallucinogens only in the first books - “Lessons of Don of Juan“ and “Separate reality“. And therefore from the point of view of the inhabitant or the student - the man of the seventies from the Californian university “epokhi“ of passions around an acid (see the state-of-the-art review in the magazine “Pharmacist“ No. 12 for 2004, p. 39), modern “narcoreligion“, these “lessons“ “are most mystical“.

It is well-known that psychotropic or narcotic substances since ancient times were widely used by magicians, shamans, various “masters of occult sciences“ and mediums who are generously diluted with frank charlatans.

For those who are inclined to perceive magic seriously (we will remind between lines of danger “to snare serious perception“ if to paraphrase one of theses of Castaneda warning against excessively serious attitude towards ourselves) is important to understand, probably, what type of “befuddling“ of mentality “is productive for magic“ and what - just delivers exotic experiences.

The fact that any poisoning of a brain accompanied with a metabolic disorder, as a rule, causes violation or change of the mode of perception will it is unlikely be called in question.

Moreover, even usual starvation, overfatigue, sleeplessness, monotonous and senseless actions break operation of the pertseptualny mechanism.

I in the ancient time, and during an era of early Christianity, and much later people fasted, tortured the flesh, refused a dream (so-called. the All-night vigils), shamans danced to full exhaustion as today sectarians (and in the east dervishes) sing monotonous chants, are turned on one place … The same receptions are used for centuries.

Use of vegetable poisons - special conversation. Infusion from fly agarics was applied by shamans of northern areas to cause severe hallucinations (which were treated like “supernatural revelations“) - such is action of the mikoatropin which is contained in mushrooms.

of the Witch of all times and the people (especially in Europe) adored a dope and a henbane approximately for the same reasons.

Asian dervishes - and not only dervishes - paying a tribute to traditions, “specialized“ in opium though they used hemp more often.

Not all from the listed above plants contain narcotic substances. It is necessary to draw nevertheless a distinction between poisons and drugs.

Strictly speaking, belong to drugs only the substances causing accustoming, dependence in “Individual“. Addiction.

... What does not deprive of them the properties characteristic of poisons.

Mystics always used the potions for special, esoteric actions (motives obviously differed from “parcels“ of the degrading addict or glue sniffer), namely - for communication with spirit, for magic influences, predictions.

the Missing youth does not love anthropological researches, similar subjects in which the student Castaneda and therefore young people remain in ignorance concerning “a high of ancestors“ (ancestors - in initial, not slang semantic version) wanted to be engaged.

... By the way, North American Indians in the magic purposes used usual tobacco (the anti-nicotinic company would not make impression on them).

To their honor should note that they “smoked“ tobacco not daily, and only in special cases. And we quoted the word not casually - actually, natives of the New World did not inhale a tobacco smoke, and swallowed of it, bringing themselves to full intoxication and hallucinations - actually, getting poisoned.

Always similar actions pursued a certain aim. So, in some tribes in the territory of modern California gave to drink to children narcotic drink that on the basis of images of the child to learn about plans of the enemy or his location. One of tribes in the northern regions of Brazil arrived in this way to open murder - was considered that the criminal will be in a dream - we will correct: in hallucinogenic nonsense. However, an interesting way, especially if to consider messages in mass media on participation of psychics in investigation of stealing or very grave crimes.

We will return to North American Indians.

Is remarkable a ceremony of delavar - the tribe known to our reader generally according to remarkable novels of Fenimore Cooper, by the way, a little known in the United States (that is unsurprising, “there are no prophets in the fatherland …“) - a holiday in honor great Manita (and twelve more “auxiliary“ spirits - to a mannitol, something like apostles) began a construction in the sacrificial house of similarity of a tent from twelve poles connected in the top part and covered with blankets or skins.

... In a tent brought red-hot stones (than not the Russian bath? Eh, as much in common at the Slavic people with … the non Slavic), then twelve people jammed into it. The most senior threw on the heated stones leaves of tobacco and, after more - less long influence of a smoke and a heat … participants were usually pulled out outside in an unconsciousness.

... On some sources, occasionally there were lethal outcomes. Well, if souls flew away to the country of ancestors, so so it was necessary for great Manit.

In the European history too if to look, it is possible to find something similar.

If to lay aside drunk orgies of admirers of Dionysus in ancient Hellas, then we will find more interesting - in compliance to our today`s subject - infusions which were described by Pliny, mentioning the visions caused by them; the drugs mentioned by Gezekhy in connection with a call not of some there spirits, but the goddess Hecate! In the famous novel “Tais Afinskaya“ temple priestesses applied on a breast and rubbed tiny drops of ointment on the basis of a poisonous tsikuta to increase the sizes of mammary glands (of course, modern silicone technologies it is more prestigious, but, on various sources, are not less dangerous).

... At last, not only in “Mastere and Margarita“ Bulgakova the medieval ointments of witches giving ability to be transferred to a sabbath, to turn around in an animal are mentioned or to see ghosts (the last abilities are frequent for modern fans of “a green serpent“, without problems and special efforts losing human shape what we are regularly convinced on the eve of big and small holidays of;) .

The use of similar means remained still in the east, especially among the dervishes who are not enjoying special love of devout Muslims.

These mystics - not only consumers of opium, like crowds of the compatriots, they still smoke hashish - that brings them to such condition of exaltation (accompanied by live and bright hallucinations), what causes caution and respect of people around. “the small stone on the road seems to the person in a similar state a huge block through which it is hardly possible to get over, a rainwater catchment - such wide river that he demands the boat for transportation. The human voice sounds in his ears as a thunder, he imagines that it has wings which lift it from the earth. On these ecstatic effects in which miracles become a commonplace in Persia look as at the highest religious manifestations, and the faces subject to them, as well as their behavior, are considered as Saints and find followers...“

(E. Taylor. The primitive culture) Well to tell

? In Russia too were always sorry “god offended“, the foolishes.

Now we will once again be convinced (having limited to “book“ experience and not putting the health on trials) that in the narcotic ecstasies bringing pleasure there is a lot of nonsense and absurd - we will not be afraid of this word, continuous nonsense, in literal and figurative sense. By the way, fancy ceremonies when using the psychotropic substances “begin to work“ still to “actually chemistry“ - we will remember “effect of crowd“, well-known to psychologists and psychiatrists - and as a result cause pleasure of very doubtful property.

(In circles of English-speaking hedonistic youth there was spent the XX centuries a fashionable expression - nice trip that can be deciphered as “the pleasant trip made under the influence of an acid“. And if not “pleasant“, and really who needs it?! :)

Is special category of chemicals which, interfering in our mentality, make certain absolutely extraordinary work. They are united (functionally) in so-called “group of big psikhodelik“. Here carry, besides the mescaline which is contained in the peyotl, poison a psilocybin (from some mushrooms) and diethylamide of lizerginovy acid, differently an acid - 25 (wishing to find out in more detail about the history connected with this substance and its roles in so-called “narcoreligions“, we send to No. 12 of “Pharmacist“ for 2004).

Possibly, that circumstance that “big a psychedelia“ not strongly please with narcotic euphoria using matters (and there is a wish to exclaim - “do not abuse!“).

Besides they are to a lesser extent capable to cause dependence, addiction. But surpass other studied alkaloids in respect of change of perception of the person.

I the insignificant pleasure caused by them (by the way, not always the pleasure takes place even in “microdoses“), is connected not so much with biochemical stimulation of “the center of pleasure“ in a brain (as occurs after reception of products of poppy and hemp, to a lesser extent when eating bananas, chocolate or in the course of “sexual exercises“ when the organism produces the corresponding substances), how many with relaxation of the pertseptualny device that leads, for example, to removal of “a distinguished stress“, morally - the ethical conflict or something similar, peculiar to youthful maximalism.

Having accepted a similar preparation - as a result of heavy family quarrel, for example (“our person“ in such situation just gets drunk to a swinish state) - the individual inclined to an intellectual reflection not only did not relax, but also, sometimes, rolled down in the deepest depression quite capable to lead to an unconscious suicide (J. Lilly. Center of a cyclone).

In the United States sharply increased number of the murders and suicide committed under the influence of an acid, psychiatric clinics in the period of fashion on this potion were overflowed by consumers of an acid who could not get rid of the monster released from prison after drug was terminated - nevertheless accustoming took place.

So, “big a psychedelia“ were accepted (those who realized consequences) not for pleasure. They “did something with attention“, it made indelible impression, supplementing former “narcoexperience“ bright and as if informatively hallucinations, significant for an individual. But we still will return to importance discussion, a bit later.

... As actually drug intoxication substances, similar to a mescaline and a psilocybin (and, of course, an acid), is expressed rather poorly, ability to CONCENTRATION of attention and more - to less free manipulation almost does not suffer from it from intoxication (the harm done by toxins to a physical body, we will leave so far no comments, it is a single and serious question). Respectively control over understanding of perception allows to make more - less difficult (or simple, it to whom as) honor sequences of intellectual actions without mistakes.

Besides attention can be directed OUTSIDE, and not just deep into itself.

Nevertheless, one general “error“ of psikhodelik and the introspective contemplation which is simply isolated from external signals takes place at the changed condition of consciousness - the attention as if loses reference points. The attention is not capable to separate exogenous images from endogenous, the touch signals accepted by five sense organs from mix of imaginations with memoirs...

... Reference points are lost, but “chances remain“ - at “the attention which accepted a psychedelia“ at least there is a choice. As the remains of control (self-checking) remain, there is a chance to distinguish dream from reality. Not always entirely and not always clearly - and even, simply, NOT ALWAYS - but the chance is.

the Mescaline - alkaloid of a cactus of an angalonium (Lophophora), “the great teacher Meskalito“, according to Castaneda - renders the following of “manipulation with attention“: decreases or completely ability to reminiscence and consecutive thinking disappears, visual impressions amplify (purity of perception as in the childhood, bright paints, not “crushed by ideas“) at decrease in interest in spatial ratios, “interest in a current of time“ (or feeling of time) almost disappears; though the perception becomes more perfect (almost without prejudice to intelligence), the will changes - the sense in any actions, and the reasons, in a usual state defiant sufferings or pushing to certain actions disappears, “remain meek“, interest in them also disappears.

... At the same time “on the horizon there are“ other things deserving attention; the attention as if shifts focus. And these “more entertaining things“ are endured as existing both in external, and in an inner world, or in both worlds, consistently or at the same time.

what at Castaneda is designated by the word “tonal“ as if “weakens“. Ability to “internal dialogue“ (we will remind that training in a way of a stop of “internal dialogue“ takes the important place in system of Indian “studying of magic“) decreases, ideas of the CONTINUITY, EXPECTANCY, STABILITY lose the rigidity and easily “agree“ with alternative ideas; the motivation of actions generated by “ego“, to be exact, in the way of“ in consciousness of the person, disappears, and spatially - the temporary coordination “keeping“ completeness and synchronism of “the description of the world“ loses meaning.

Is similar to equipment on a stop of internal dialogue, more precisely, to various technicians who the teacher - the Indian offers Castaneda (we will remind, books are written in style of “the reporting from the place of events“), here “overflow tonalya information“ takes place too.

... Let`s add from ourselves that the similar effect (it is difficult to call it positive) is observed at development of the “computer drug addiction“ connected with hit of a modern individual in dependence on the Internet and computer games.

Castaneda`s experience if to take it seriously (that we do not recommend to persons young, enthusiastic and psychologically unprepared), is very dramatic.

... The old man - the Indian plows up such chasms before the pupil that he him “òîíàëü“ will hardly be able to return to former typically American complacency and self-confidence. Reading, we empathize the student Carlos upon whom all freight of conventions and senselessness of usual life, “òîíàëÿ“ through which fragments light Ina Realnosti flows falls:

“... From each peyotny cactus … flickering light in the field proceeded. One shone especially brightly. I sat down before it and began to sing to it the songs. Here the plant left Meskalito - the same figure in the form of the person which I saw earlier. He looked at me … Suddenly I saw the father. It stood in the middle of the peyotny field, but the field disappeared, and all scene moved to the old house where there passed my childhood. I stood with the father at a fig … hasty spoke to him … each thought was finished and settling. Was so as if we really have no time and it is necessary to tell everything at once … The father did not answer. He just listened, and then disappeared. And I was one again and cried with grief and repentance …“

(K. Castaneda. Lessons of Don of Juan)

Each “psychodelic“ experience of Carlos quickens the teacher again and again - the Indian. It seeks to fix by

in consciousness of the pupil freedom of perception. whether

Makes sense endured or it is only a burden and stereotypes, not an essence important. The sense in other - the world CAN be perceived differently, the world exists outside our stereotypes, the world is free and boundless!.

Approximately the same objectives are achieved also by contemplation by “eyes of a crow“, and a horrible audience at “the guard of other world“, and immersion in “green fog“ at an irrigating ditch.

... If reading Castaneda`s texts looks for in them the hidden information, training in secret knowledge, then he will hardly achieve success. All this is only the ways “loosen tonal“, habitual attitude - the habitual world - and if necessary to force it, this world, to depart away.

Judging by books of the former student - the anthropologist, lessons did him good:

“... Whether force plants helped me? - I asked.

- Of course, - he told. - They revealed you, having stopped your view of the world. In it plants of force make the same impact on tonal, as well as the correct way of walking. Both that, and another overflows it with information, and force of internal dialogue comes to the end. Force plants excellently are suitable for this purpose, but their application is paid too expensive. They work great mischief too to a body. It is their shortcoming, especially a dope...“

(K. Castaneda. Tales of force)


... In dangerous flora it is easy to lose reference points.

the Old man - the Indian often and honestly warns about it, telling about the ancient magicians who became the victims of the addictions caused by the pleasant plant (whether addicts?) - their special energy allowed to repeat similar experiments repeatedly that gave rise to worship.

the Indian called force plants ALLIES that caused an anthropomorphous image in consciousness of the pupil. At the same time, the ally, being the power form coming from the worlds inaccessible to usual perception it is not connected with a concrete plant or psychotropic substance in any way. However they, sometimes, accompany with

each other. The similar seeming discrepancies are frequent for Castaneda`s texts. Though if to try, it is possible to find the mass of contradictions both in the Bible, and in pre-election speeches of politicians, and in many other. Here the context is more important. In other cases - implication. At least, the direct perception of various texts “in a forehead“ will be of no use to reading.

And, anyway, we would not recommend a way of plants of force - even if you have “a healthy liver and quiet mind“ (according to Aldous Huxley). The egoistical “garbage“ impregnated with juice of the evolving aggressive predator destroying around itself live forms (we will remember a sad story of “Red List“, and also hundreds which disappeared irrevocably and thousands of animal species and plants) - a predator, that is the person - all our passions, ambitions, fears creep out on a surface, and “drugged“ tonal does not distinguish external any more from internal and as in the American “era of an acid“, begins to swing a primitive cudgel, destroying on the left and to the right.

... The ordinary person who got access to similar experience and “not kept within“ elementary respect for the outside world, is also that full “black magician“ wandering after pages of books in a genre of a fantasy and on license videotapes. It is also the archfoe. It is not necessary to go far. And if to remember the Satan - that exactly here his den. Near us.

Danger of application of plants of force has something in common in Castaneda`s texts with playful (ironic, humiliating) classification of tyrants - and actually, history of mankind abounds with any tyrants and tiranchik, “pinches tiranitos“, tiranishka of various abilities and degrees of harm, from simple “enrages“ or “does life nevynoSima“ - before physical extermination of the dissident or run into debt.

... Look back - such “good“ around in bulk!!!

When the student - the anthropologist “stopped the world“ without the aid of a mysterious peyotlya - Meskalito, a dope or “smoking mix“, he understood very important - plants of force are not so important in magic. Castaneda quite frankly told

about this aspect of the experience in interview to Sam Kean:

“... Don Juan used psychotropic drugs only at the beginning of my training as I, according to him, was too self-confident and slowed down. I held the world the description as drowning for a straw. Psychotropic drugs created a gap in my protection - system of glosses. My dogmatic confidence was destroyed“.

Apologists “an acid - revolutions“ claimed that they only of a psychedelia are capable to break cardinally stagnancy of thinking, to overcome an abyss between “ego“ and reality that only they are capable to help to find to mankind brightness and purity of perception, to comprehend greatness of the Universe. The government of the United States (and after it and other governments) did not accept this idea, having equated an acid to drugs and having defined criminal penalty for distribution “big a psychedelia“. Too the number of the murders and suicide committed under the influence of an acid increased.

Sam King asked Castaneda also a question of whether there was “a magic experience“ without use of plants similar to experience with peyotly and “smoke“, on what received an irrefragable answer:

“Not only similar, but much more intensive. Every time when I accepted psychotropic plants, I remembered it, and I had, thus, a constant opportunity to call in question reliability of the experienced experience. But when, for example, the coyote talked to me, I had no such protection. I could not interpret it in any rational way. I really stopped the world, and for a short time went beyond habitual West - the European system of the description“.


Of course, at the beginning of Castaneda`s apprenticeship attractiveness of secret, mysticism, a peculiar sorcery played a role. But all this served as the external tinsel hiding under itself deep philosophy and practice.

Moreover, the Indian mentor of Carlos Castaneda - Juan Matus - defining the way as “a way of the soldier“, repeatedly emphasized that this way, but not a way of ancient magicians which was in his opinion, deadlock is important. For the student - the anthropologist who was fond of magic it was the real revelation. The most important features of “a way of the soldier“ it would be possible to call

FAULTLESSNESS in everything, education of the will and almost total absence of dogmas in training, and also destruction of stereotypes or habitual perception of the world that in some measure pulls together this magic (we will call so it for brevity though with habitual understanding of magic it has a little general) tradition about a zen - the Buddhism and daosa.

Which are much scattered by a small, but striking example of philosophy of magicians of the line of Juan Matus,

on pages of books of Castaneda,

can serve the analysis of the relation to the act of the help and various

levels of understanding of this help.

Each our effort to help another can be sometimes actually

manifestation our deeply hided

of self-interest:

“... Somehow in the city I lifted the snail lying in the middle

of the sidewalk and carefully put it under some grape bush.

Ya it was sure that leave I it on the sidewalk, people of

would crush it sooner or later. I considered that having moved away her to the safe place, rescued its

. Don Huang right there showed me that it not so. I did not take into

account two important opportunities. One of them was such: the snail

avoided certain death on grape leaves from poison. And another -

a snail had rather personal force to cross the sidewalk.

the intervention I did not rescue a snail but only I forced it to lose

what it with such work reached. When I wanted to put

a snail there where I found it, it did not allow me and it. He told,

that such is destiny of a snail - that some idiot will cut it off and

will be interrupted by her advance. If I leave it where put, she,

perhaps, will be able to collect to reach rather personal force and

there where gathered... I thought that I understood his thought...

the Most difficult thing on light was to provide for me other

to itself“.

It was one of unusual lessons which the old Indian taught

to the pupil.

In many dialogues which are carrying away sometimes a paradoxicality of questions and answers, and sometimes just good humour, sincere laughter - in what, and it is impossible to reproach with the academic gravity and monotony of the book of Castaneda - problems quite close to us which we sometimes do not notice are considered. And would cost!. So, the pupil of the old Indian who is eternally writing down - happens, as with mistakes - statements of the Indian magician, somehow asks to explain words of the Indian that if the person learned to SEE, everything for it becomes worthless. The old man right there objects Carlos: “I did not speak - worthless, I told - unimportant. Everything is equalized. One is not more important than another. I cannot tell, for example, that my actions it is more important than yours, or that one thing neobkhodimy another. All of them are equal, so, and nothing is present important“.

... The difference is essential, isn`t that so?

Right there we learn about that main thing that distinguishes the PERSON of KNOWLEDGE. He too, as well as all of us, aspires to something, puffs, sweats from strain and the mass of urgent matters and in appearance differs in nothing from others.

Krom of one:

“… nonsense of his life is subject to it. Nothing is important for it. The person of knowledge chooses for himself business and does it so as if really on it it is keen“. Carlos told

to the old man about one acquaintance, steeped in political confusion and failed (reading, involuntarily you find modern analogies, and not only from political life). Having grown old, that complained about destiny. It made impression of the person whose life was dissipated bitterness and pity to itself - agree, very widespread phenomenon. This person considered that he for nothing spent years in a pursuit of ridiculous imaginations. They were not worth it, now it is clear to it. But not to return the lost years.

... If nothing is important, Carlos to the question came back again, leaves what the person of knowledge will - bondage comes to the same emptiness, as his acquaintance?

“Nothing similar, - sharply objected the Indian. - Your acquaintance is lonely because grew old, without having learned to SEE. The only thing that he made in life - lived it up to an old age. Now, possibly. He feels sorry for himself even more, than earlier. He decided that he spent for nothing forty years because looked for a victory, and found defeat. But he will never understand that a victory and defeat - same … The mission of the person - to study, and to knowledge take in the same way as the field. I told hundreds of times about it. Both to knowledge, and takes the field of people with fear, but also with full self-confidence. You were frightened by emptiness of life of your acquaintance. In human life of knowledge there is no emptiness. Believe me, everything in it is full to the brim … and everything is equivalent. I not such is, as your acquaintance who managed to grow old only. When I speak: nothing is important, I mean absolutely not that it. For it fight was senseless because it lost. For me there is neither victory, nor defeat, nor emptiness - everything is full to the brim, everything is equivalent and therefore my fight is not vain.

… To become the person of knowledge, it is necessary to be the soldier, but not complaining child“.

A small fragment from the book - about our relation to life. If to simplify, then it is determination of optimism and pessimism. (You remember an old joke a glass of water? For the pessimist the glass is always half empty, for the optimist - is half full. Just right to propose a toast to purity of water in a glass and purity of thoughts!)

But whether it is worth simplifying? Everything is much more interesting than habitual stereotypes.

I, it is necessary to tell, Carlos Castaneda is the master in their destruction!

For example, the concept about the controllable, or operated nonsense which explains to the pupil Don Juan seems at first sight senseless. But only at first sight!

“... You see sometimes there is a sense to persist, even when you understand that it is useless, - he told, smiling. - But at first it is necessary to understand that your actions are useless, and then to act this way as if you do not know it. We, brukho (in Mexico sorcerers are so called - the note A. River) we call it the operated nonsense“.

However, there is no sense to retell separate pieces of the narration which, taken out of a context, can bring false accent in works of the writer. It is better to read all text entirely and to make about it own opinion, without imposing it to others.

the Edition of books of Carlos Castaneda “Special reality“, “The second ring of force“, “Gift of the Eagle“, “Art of a dream“ and others carried out the Kiev publishing house “Sofia“ in Ukraine (it seems, there are also other editions). And if you are interested in magic of herbs, new ways of knowledge of reality if you want to open for yourself a door to other worlds - take the first step at an open door of bookstore or library!

Who is he, Carlos Castaneda?

... Magician`s pupil?

... The invisible being, disappearing and again appearing, it is unexpected for others?

... The traveler, the wanderer going the way in the changeable world?

Probably, both that, and another, and the third - only gradually. One of critics somehow told

about Castaneda: “He lay to us to open truth“.

Carlos Castaneda`s influence on modern culture, probably, still should be estimated fully. This influence, really, is big. Its books about own experience of training of “magic“ (magic in understanding, other, remote for the ordinary person) with triumph flew about the whole world, in places twisting during tornadoes, in passing breaking roofs rather weak - or, on the contrary, strong? - to readers.

... Carlos Castaneda did not allow to photograph himself and to record the voice. Avoided to give interview. Nobody knew precisely, how old is he - it as if was and is old, and is young at the same time.

According to one version, he was born in Brazil on December 25, 1931. On another - in Peru, in 1925. On the third - in general at the end of 30 - x years...

... Nobody knew where he lived and spent time (though at one of seminars by the way mentioned that pays somewhere a real estate tax) - even when he already taught at university. In the same way there are various versions about date of assignment to it doctor`s degree at the Californian university.

It was if to use terminology of its books, very imperceptible “organic being“.

Was - because on April 27, 1998 Carlos Castaneda died from cancer.


In end of article - endurance from rare interviews of Castaneda.

- you told that you do not know what the technician can lead use of yours to. Sounds irresponsibly.

- And how it can be learned? From where I know what you will be capable of if you have enough energy? I state you a number of ideas. Perhaps you will have enough determination to accept them seriously. Perhaps you will consider it as a nonsense. Or you will complain as if small kids: “What with me will be?.“ If you have no determination, you learn nothing. Don Huang divided people into three types -

... The first … like me, very caustic, always ready to tell: “Devil! You are sure that it so?“ Don Huang very patiently convinced me that yes, it is absolutely sure. I have no such patience. If I am asked whether I am sure - at me the roof because I am not sure goes!

... Second type of people … surprisingly lovely beings. They are ready to die for you (at least, so they speak), but then you die for them.

... The third type … these people have nothing behind soul, but they promise the moon to you, and then leave you without the last trousers.

- Many consider that Don Juan you just invented.

- Idea that Don Juan - a fruit of my imagination, it is absolutely ridiculous. For the invention of such figure my brought up in West - the European tradition the intelligence is simply unsuitable.

- you claim that Don Juan did not die, and left “absorbed by internal fire“. And you will leave or will die?

- Probably, I will die. I would like to possess integrity to leave as it left … Very much I am afraid that at me so it will not turn out. But I would like it. I aspire to it, ochertya both of my heads.

- whether Extends need of change of an inner world to the outside world?

- I am from Latin America where it is full of never-ending clever talk on policy and a social revolution and where terrorism - business almost habitual.

Not a lot of courage is required to blow up some building, but, for example, to leave off smoking, you should change yourself neither more nor less.

is If at all possible any transformation, it has to begin in ourselves.

For me only real achievement - art to be a soldier. Only it is the only way to counterbalance horror before the fact that you are a person, and admiration of the fact that you are a person!.


So, researchers are professionals and just all those who read and read Castaneda`s books, cannot answer a question - that it, books about the great Master, or books of the great Master? Whether reporting on real events or superreal ingenious invention?

... It is represented to us that irrespective of the answer to this question of the book of Castaneda will remain a remarkable monument of Creativity, a source of spiritual development for many generations, the real work of art!