Muscles - the window to the soul or How a body reflects our experiences?
Probably, many of us paid attention to interrelation of sincere life and corporal reactions. For example:
the breath “dying down“ accompanying sensation of fear, alarm and so forth;
sense of relief with feeling that “the stone was got off the back“;
“goosebumps on a body“;
the feeling of anger and rage which is followed by a raising of shoulders, a nabychivaniye of an upper back “wool bristles“, tightening of fists and the same changes of breath. the List can be continued by
indefinitely, and the majority of us will be able to give the mass of the examples confirming interrelation between our emotional life and somatic reactions. It is possible to claim that all our emotional reactions are reflected in a body. Actually, they in principle cannot be divided - as it is impossible to divide a uniform live organism into soul and a body. Unfortunately, at most of “civilized“ people the feeling of a body is muffled by a way of life - and, respectively, understanding of own corporal feelings is complicated.
What occurs in our organism at experience of any strong feeling? Emotional experiences are reflected in tension of muscles and changes of breath (its delay or, on the contrary, deepening). These processes are absolutely natural and physiologic until emotions proceed freely. The feeling comes and leaves, and together with emotion the muscular tension accompanying it leaves. But it is normal from which all of us are far. What occurs if natural course of emotions is in one way or another blocked?
For example when circumstances do not allow us to show this or that feeling - we will tell, anger? The similar strong feeling, naturally, is followed by a powerful splash of energy, rage explosion and so forth, absolutely normal desire to rush on the offender. But - it is impossible. And we forcedly constrain rage, fighting against an impulse to attack.
What occurs in a body? We calm or we constrain breath (we will remember an image of the bull inflating nostrils - approximately the same happens also to the person: with breath strengthening we gain energy); the nape nabychivatsya, hands clench in fists (there is a clearing of the aggressive impulse sent to hands); all body “gathers“ and even clenches. All these actions serve one: to extinguish, constrain aggression (which does not disappear anywhere, and just is not issued outside).
Also other feelings - for example, crying are similarly controlled (breath control, tension of face muscles and a throat). Respectively, together with crying are suppressed (but do not disappear!) and the feelings which caused it - for example, fear.
If the situation repeats over and over again, muscular tension gradually collects, becoming habitual. And if in the beginning we can quite feel the corporal processes accompanying experiences, then gradually chronic tension (and feeling) ceases to be realized. The body still feels the events, but to consciousness these feelings - both emotional, and somatic - are not allowed.
And muscular blocks are not so harmless ! All of us heard about psychosomatic diseases, but we not always imagine the mechanism of their emergence. And what is the muscular block? Besides other “delights“, it is a zone in which blood circulation is broken. Some blocks interfere with normal breath, others break a bearing, promote not physiologic gait (which, in turn, overloads joints of legs and a backbone).
Chronic muscular tension, naturally, obstructs the free traffic. Actually, presence of similar tension is brightly shown when training in more or less difficult movement skills, new to this person.
As the chronic muscular tension (blocks) limits corporal mobility, blocks so corresponding to them psychological limit manifestations of natural feelings.
But there is also a back. If emotions are directly reflected in a body, then there is also feedback - influencing muscles, muscular tension, it is possible to influence an emotional state . It can be used, including, and in everyday life, reducing the increased emotional intensity (for example, at high uneasiness) through reduction of muscular tension. It is in the same way possible to increase resistance to stress of an organism. Without having an opportunity to avoid action of a stressogenny factor, it is possible to weaken its influence or to correct consequences - both physical, and psychological also through work at the physical level (first of all, tracing and controlling breath and muscular tension).
In corporally - the focused psychotherapy, for example, through weakening of the muscular block in this or that part of a body promote release suppressed (blocked) by means of muscular tension feelings. As we told, “the feelings forbidden to expression“, being suppressed, do not disappear, and only cease to be realized. And consequently, these feelings continue to work, gradually influencing our feelings and reactions and from time to time breaking outside.
Thus, control over feelings by means of their suppression is actually illusory. With its help we simply delete this or that factor from understanding - but less active it from it does not become. On the other hand, on an arrangement of muscular blocks it is possible to judge what feelings are blocked rather surely. And from here - a direct way to the analysis of structure of character through the analysis of corporal structure.
Very much approximately the ratio between mentality and a body can be presented as a ratio of content and a form.
That is generally it is possible to tell that to “soft“, rounded shapes of picnic there corresponds plasticity motive, behavioural and emotional; angularity, to “dryness“ of an astenik there corresponds restraint, “angularity“ in the movements, smaller emotional expressiveness and spontaneity; “rigidity“ and “power“ of the forms athletics making impression of force corresponds to activity and at the same time inflexibility (emotional, behavioural, motive).
Respectively, the physical movement will have the same features, as behavior of the person in general. If to define character as a steady form of expression of the relations with the world, then manifestations of character are similar in interaction with the different parties of reality.
It is possible to tell that in the movement (as one of behavior forms) reflects the personality in general. But, as usual, there is also feedback. And motive practicians give the chance to form purposefully (to cultivate) personal qualities. For example, at the martial arts practicing various directions the characteristic personal features which are directly connected with the qualities cultivated in this direction, a manner of the movement and interaction become noticeable over time.
So if the emphasis is placed on “rigidity“, it assumes also development of the corresponding psychological qualities which are naturally transferred to everyday life. The same treats development of spontaneity and other qualities coming to the forefront.
The direct interrelation of corporal and mental is clearly demonstrated by means of one of exercises: to ask to accept “the most vigorous“ a pose, causing inflow of feelings of cheerfulness, force and wellbeing. Then on the contrary, to stoop, having become dejected and having lowered hands or having clasped with them itself, having contracted and having closed from the world - some time of stay in similar poses, characteristic of this or that emotional state, causes rather corresponding, rather accurate change of an emotional state.
Try “on life“ to monitor communication of various emotional states and the corporal reactions accompanying them - first of all, a pose, a bearing, changes of breath, tension of muscles. And understanding interdependence, we can, correcting corporal factors, to influence also an emotional state.