What are jurors engaged in?
of Jury as still call a jury, for many defendants the last hope for fair consideration of their affairs. The judge, the professional lawyer, defines punishment proceeding from a verdict of the simple people making the decision “on conscience“.
12 jurors participate in legal proceedings. Psychologists consider such quantity optimum for productive work as a part of small group. People do not stand apart, distract from own problems, paying to collective work the maximum attention.
Except 12 jurors of “the main structure“, on “bench“ not less than two “doublers“ wait for the turn. They “will leave in the field“ and will take part in discussion of a verdict in case of an illness, or absence for any other reason someone from “players of the main structure“.
However many the court lasted, the daily salary at the level of that which is paid on a primary place of employment is provided to jurors. Work of the unemployed is estimated at 150 rubles a day.
Ideally jurors have to be released from all emotions and estimate actions of the defendant only on the facts. Prior to the beginning of court no information on the personality, property, social or marital status of the person on a dock is provided to them. If such data suddenly “come up“ during judicial proceedings, they should not be considered by jurors when determining degree of fault of the defendant. For jurors have weight only the evidence investigated on court session.
Before passing a verdict the judge addresses to the juror with the parting speech calculated on people of the average level of intelligence. You should not take offense at teacher`s tone and a reminder of common truths. Perhaps, are necessary for someone from temporary colleagues of an explanation.
Jurors make a final decision in the consultative room, access to which is allowed only them. The individual opinion of each juror for other world has to remain in secret.
As a rule, jurors have to answer four questions of the questionnaire: whether the crime event is proved whether participation in a crime of the defendant is proved, whether the defendant is guilty and whether he deserves indulgence. Also other questions are possible if it is necessary. It is only possible to answer any question yes or no.
Within three hours of meeting jurors have to come to the unanimous decision. If opinions disperse, vote is taken. All participants of meeting of jurors on the list vote and it is opened. Nobody has the right to evade or refrain from vote.
The defendant will be acquitted if most of jurors counts his fault not proved, or opinions will be halved. In this case the defendant is released directly from the courtroom even if the judge does not agree with jurors at all. The verdict of not guilty of a jury can cancel only the Supreme Court.
The damning verdict can be rendered by jurors only on the basis of the studied actual proofs. If the judge doubts objectivity of jurors and believes that their opinion is based on emotions, he can dismiss board. Case will be considered anew “from a blank sheet“.