Star and swastika. What is more actual?
All are familiar with the Soviet symbolics which and now constantly reminds of itself from the Kremlin towers and is present at shoulder straps practically all “monarchic people“. And nobody thinks of a question that the swastika historically is more close to the Russian person, as if blasphemously at first sight it did not sound.
But let`s not fall into a pseudo-patriotism attack, we will calm down and will understand. A five-pointed star, or “ïåíòàêëü“ as a symbol it is known from an extreme antiquity - it was used in the ritual drawings and totems still by primitive people, and also the people of early civilizations in territories of modern Greece, Iran, Iraq and Turkey. To a lesser extent - Japanese, the American Indians and the northern people. Slavs used a five-pointed star too and it viewed as a sign of spring god Yarila, patron of plowmen and soldiers.
Pentakl initially symbolized eternity and high (disinterested) aspirations. At the suggestion of the ancient Pythagoreans who calculated in a star of a proportion and the principle of “golden ratio“ it a symbol became nobody an unattainable ideal. From the Middle Ages it at the suggestion of Christian church everywhere began to be considered as a symbol devil and magical and along with it gained symbolism of Jewry and a freemasonry.
In our history the star officially appeared after the All-Russian board on the organization and formation of Red army created 20. 12. 1917, offered it as an official military emblem. Here what was written by the Kommunist newspaper 12. 04. 1919: “… The Jewry symbol, centuries fighting against capitalism, became also a symbol of the Russian proletariat that is visible at least in establishment of the “Red pentagonal star“ which is earlier, as we know, a symbol and a sign of Zionism - Jewries. With it - a victory, with it - death to parasites to bourgeoises …“ . Though all - it is worth mentioning that in imperial army of a star as distinctions of military ranks were also applied.
We will dwell upon a swastika. In our culture it occupies absolutely special, the forgotten place is undeserved, and on degree of prevalence of this symbol India and pre-revolutionary Russia stood nearby. Slavs called a swastika “êîëîâðàò“, that is “solstice“, and it symbolized light victory over darkness, lives - over death, a reality - over I will wind. Explanation for it very simple: “Coca“ - the Old Russian name of the sun, “gate“ - rotation, return.
This symbol was widely applied not only in some pagan religious actions, but also in household culture. Towels, cloths, the weapon, household items, clothes, ware - practically everywhere there was a swastika. And who will remember how called the legendary Russian athlete resisting to the Mongolian invasion? Correctly, Evpaty Kolovrat, that is Evpaty Svastika. Whether it is worth saying after that that significantly later even the imperial family of a dynasty of Romanov used a swastika as an important symbol? And to that there are documentary confirmations and photos.
Contrary to general delusion there was no distinction between right-hand and left-side swastikas, and both of them were applied everywhere and almost equally.
Did not pass by a swastika also Christian church: on vestments of priests, salaries, chalices, in registration of icons, stoles, in a list of temples, on gravestones of orthodox graves - everywhere it was possible to see this symbol or its separate elements.
Authorities did not see anything bad in a swastika too and used it in documents, on the seals, in architecture, on money. In collections of many collectors there is Russian money of release of 1918 where the face value of the note is printed against a swastika.
Rather long time pentakl and kolovrat was sent nearby, at all without opposing itself each other, and supplementing. Though to be fair it is necessary to focus attention that the image of a swastika it was used nevertheless significantly more often than stars. In some cases they were even represented together including in official symbolics. For example, on a narukavny sign of the Red Army man of a sample of 1919 the swastika is taken away in a wreath over which the five-pointed star, smaller by the size, is represented significantly.
Also kolovrat it was with might and main used by government bodies of the USSR up to the end 1930, began 40 - x years. Later the situation sharply changed. To please the current and momentary political situation, the power decided to cross out all centuries-old history of this Russian symbolism and began to destroy it including by repressive methods. Echoes and consequences of it are visible and today.
For example, the historian V. N. Dyomin in the book (Dyomin V. Riddles of the Russian North. The m, 1999) writes: “… special groups went on the Russian villages and forced women to take off skirts, poneva, aprons, shirts which right there rushed to fire“ .
Or, at that time it is possible to specify as one of striking examples of the events that 09. 08. 1937 a certain citizen, with the statement and a sample of the milkchurn made at plant No. 29 which blades have swastikas addressed to the Commission of party control. Check established that the author of a design of a milkchurn is the senior engineer of trust of consumer goods GUAPA Tuchashvili. During 1936 and 1937 the plant made 55763 milkchurns. In two months all milkchurns were withdrawn, and the engineer, the deputy on production and the director left for places of confinement. (A source - the Central Storage of the Soviet Documentation, is published in 1 - m the issue of the magazine “Source“ in 1996).
And already present. Quote of one of the news websites: “… The staff of prosecutor`s office found in military shop of a t-shirt and undershirt with a swastika. Experts assumed that it can be promotion of fascism. Production was withdrawn and transferred to destruction...“ . It is only one of examples, persons interested can find their set. Certain parallels in history were seen?
In modern society and the legislative environment there was already a typical substitution of concepts: the fascism and a swastika in the heads of the vast majority became same.
But same not so! Our ancestors were fascists too? Of course, no!
If any organization makes tomorrow something that can be treated as a crime against humanity, then we the symbolics used by it will consider as promotion something too, and legislators will outlaw? If so, then it is worth beginning with a Christian cross, being covered with which throughout two millennia blood of innocent people flew the rivers, since crusades, and finishing with medieval witch-hunt Hitlerite “With us god“.
Or the planes bombing Hiroshima and Nagasaki bore already mentioned five-pointed star on the wings. In that case too it makes sense to recognize it beyond the law.
The BP company and its logo - a zelenenky floret because made by them in the Gulf of Mexico and consequences of that accident of planet-wide scale differently as a crime against humanity it is impossible to call can continue the list of “unreliable“ symbols.
But we will return to a swastika again. Whether the symbol with thousand-year history suddenly can, suddenly, turn from positive into negative? Whether primordially Russian symbolism can become a political situation something reprehensible to please and in every possible way condemned only from - for the fact that there was the current requirement at any cost to form an image of the enemy, and then it is already somehow inconvenient to recognize own excesses? Very interesting question, isn`t that so?
Separately I want to tell that I am not a fascist, not the nationalist, not the racist and not …, I do not even know who what the reader with zashlakovanny propaganda doctrines a brain will want to accuse me of. My two grandfathers battled in World War II, one of them died, the second returned in awards. But both of them were at war with the enemy, but not with a symbol.