How to be protected from evil spirit by means of a fishing network? Traditions of our ancestors
the Network (a mrezh, a seine) in ancient times was perceived at Slavs not only as the tool for fishing, it was often used in ceremonial actions. The academician N. I. Tolstoy in “The ethnographic comment to ancient slavyano - to the Russian texts“ provides very curious data from ancient sources which contain an appeal to esteem a network.
For example: “Let`s render and we will bow to wells and the rivers, and networks to receive what we ask“ . Or: “Other will render and will bow to the seine which much caught“ . For what such honor? And business all that it was considered as a strong charm for the reason what represents a combination of interlacings, cells, and most of all - knots.
Later there was other version - that the network is formed from crosses therefore saves from evil spirits. And in the Gospel of Matthew it is possible to read:
“The Kingdom of Heaven is still similar to a seine, zakinuty in the sea and captured any fishes which when it was filled, was pulled out on the coast and, having sat down, good collected in vessels, and thin threw out. So will be at death of a century: izynut Angela and will separate angry of the environment just“. In general in Christianity the network is treated by
troyako: on the one hand, it is a just network of church, with another - the penalty tool (in the antiquated Book of Iov: “My eyes always to the Lord; because He takes from a network my legs“; “God imposed me with the network“, with the third - a trap of a devil.
But anyway, the relation to a seine initially was sacral. In what exactly rituals resorted to it?
In many places young people before wedding were surrounded with a network or put on it themselves under linen, a naked body. It was considered not only means to be saved from damage, but also to provide a safe child-bearing in a family. And which - where also all wedding train was surrounded similarly. In the Olonets province when young people went to a bed, accompanied them svatya which connected newlyweds for legs by a network. According to the legend, “if vorog wants “to sportit“ young people, then it should untie each small knot, and at a network of small knots there is a lot of“.
Existed a ceremony of covering of the dead a network that that did not turn into the ghoul and “that did not drag off with itself somebody“. Most often this custom was widespread among the southern and western Slavs. It spoke to similarly wedding binding of legs, namely the fact that, being covered with a network, the dead man will not be able to rise, will not untie all small knots yet, it is almost impossible to make it. Maslenitsa
In some Croatian districts on villages on Buttered week groups of young guys actually as from an attire on them there were only networks were starkers
, but the head was covered. It was supposed that it will inevitably frighten off evil spirit. Isn`t that so, this ceremony has something in common with the Russian national fairy tale “Wise Maiden“ which guessed imperial riddles and when the tsar ordered to be it “not naked and not undressed“, used just a network.
* * * Much to us can seem to
strange or even strange today, but people sincerely trusted in the miracle force of this not too difficult subject...