Rus Articles Journal

Whether food crisis threatens us?

Are one of the simplest, natural actions, such as, breath or walking on two legs. We sit down to a dining table, we take a fork and we send to a mouth the next juicy piece, absolutely indifferent to what consequences are caused in the world by our smoking plate. Beef Argentina, grapes - Chile, bananas - Honduras, olive oil - Sicily, and apple juice even delivers us China. Modern society relieved us of need to grow up, collect and cook bread of nasushchiya, having presented in exchange other duty - plati for it. And we notice a difference only when the prices grow. While our inattention costs very much to us.

The increase in prices for food last year “woke“ all planet. From 2005 till summer of 2008 price of corn and corn was tripled, on rice - five times that more than in 25 countries caused disorders, and pushed out about 75 million people for a poverty line. But unlike the previous interruptions in deliveries, this difficulty occurred while most of farmers registered record harvests. This time, sharp price increase became the certificate of other problem which is the cornerstone of world food supply - and its permission is not expected in the near future. You look: for the last decade the world consumed much more food, than made. For years of consumption of reserves, in 2007 world food reserves were sufficient only for 61 days of existence of the population of Earth (this indicator is penultimate in a rating).

“Growth of productivity of agriculture makes from only 1 to 2% a year“ - Jehoiakim von Braun, the CEO of the International Institute of research of food policy, at crisis peak declared: “It is not enough to provide increasing population“.

High prices are a firm sign that demand exceeds the offer that the food just will not be enough for all. The increase in prices beats, first of all, one billion the poorest population of the planet - these people and at former orders spent from 50 to 70% of the family income for food. And though the prices declined in the conditions of violently developing world economy again, all of them remain at record level, reminding of problems of insufficient stocks, increasing population and the same indicators of productivity of agriculture. In the conditions of climate change temperature increases, and many areas more and more suffer from shortage of water that it is capable to reduce significantly future harvests and to provoke what scientists call “eternal food crisis“.

Joel K. Bern

National Geographic

translation: Valentina Shiryaeva, continuation of Stay natural