Haworthia. How to grow up it?
On stony and sandy soils of South Africa grow the attractive succulents which almost do not have a stalk and forming the compact radical socket of dense fleshy leaflets. During blossoming from it appears thin tsvetonos about 40 cm long and more. Small and ordinary-looking flowers are collected in a clustery inflorescence. It is the Haworthia (Haworthia) - a plant from Asfodelov` family, in the nature about 150 of its types meet.
This sort received the name in honor of the English botanist - the researcher Adrian Havort studying flora of South Africa. In room floriculture of a haworthia widely extended among fans of exotic. The general sign for them is existence of warty outgrowths on leaves. At one outgrowths quite large, accurately expressed; at others almost imperceptible, but to the touch a leaf surely rough.
of the Condition of keeping
Irrespective of a look, a condition of keeping for all haworthias identical.
Location - light, with a quantity of direct sunshine. 3 - 4 hours of solar lighting in morning or evening hours are enough. The western or east windows are the most optimal variant, but even northern will approach. At cultivation at the southern window small shading and is desirable in the spring in the summer. During the winter period it is especially important to provide a haworthia with full solar lighting without shading.
Air temperature in the veseena - the summer period usual, moderate. The maintenance of a haworthia in the fresh air does well at this time. Winter temperature is within +10 - 13 °C, at least +5 °C.
In the spring and in the summer it is necessary to water moderately, after drying of the soil, stagnation of water is unacceptable. To use water defended, room temperature. Approximately from April to August are useful top dressing by fertilizers to cactuses once a month.
In the fall watering and top dressing is gradually reduced, minimized in the winter: at contents in the cool room - once a month and obligatory slightly warm water. At contents in heat the heated room the thicket should water, approximately time in 10 - 14 days at a temperature in about 18 - 20 °C. At the same time it is obligatory to consider that the plant is at rest and cannot acquire all moisture. Haworthias do not need spraying, they easily transfer dry air. But in winter time too high temperature in combination with dry air depresses them.
When watering it is necessary to watch that water did not stand in sockets, it is better in general to try to avoid its hit on leaves since plants can decay and die from it, especially in the winter.
In room conditions of a haworthia blossom usually by the end of spring. Tsvetonosa it is possible to leave, but they have no special beauty therefore more often they are cut out that plants did not spend in vain force.
Landing and reproduction
of Times in 1 - 2 years in the spring of a haworthia needs to be replaced to the fresh soil. Mix for landing is made from glinisto - the cespitose, sheet earth, sand and a brick crumb in equal parts. Capacity has to be wide and superficial, the good drainage is at the bottom obligatory. Replace in a bigger pot seldom, only if old became very close.
Haworthias affiliated sockets which can be separated at change breed, or just to cut off from a maternal plant. If the child already with the formed backs, she can be imprisoned to the damp soil at once. If svezhesrezanny - it is desirable to dry a shank within 1 - 2 days (large - even 7 - 10 days), then to put to the easy soil or sand for rooting. It is possible to make multiple copies also a leaf which is also dried during 3 - x days, and then put to the friable soil or sand. At once practically do not water, only occasionally kapelno humidify a soil surface in a rooting zone when young backs appear, increase watering. It is impossible to cover with glass or a film.
At seed reproduction seeds sow on a surface of sand or friable mix and couch in a small greenery at a temperature of +20 - 25 °C.
the Ends of leaves dry, leaves are extended and twisted from edges, a wart dim - in too warmly and chilly, especially near the battery of a central heating. If there is no opportunity to provide cool wintering, then it is necessary to protect a plant from hot air of the battery the screen or at least to put a pot on the pallet with wet pebble.
Leaves get a reddish shade, the ends dry, the plant is extended - it occurs at a lack of nutrients of the soil, change and office of excess children is necessary.
On leaves there are brown spots, tips dry up, leaves redden are the solar burns arising at long influence of direct sunshine in summertime, especially without shading at the southern window.
Leaves turn pale, turn yellow or redden - at excess podkormka; 1 time a month for adult copies suffices.
The socket friable and extended, the leaves extended - as a rule, is result of insufficient lighting. It is necessary to rearrange a pot to lighter place.
The lower leaves fade and easily come off - a podgnivaniye at excess watering. Even water with summer of a haworthia after drying of the soil and surely merge water from the pallet.
Leaves blacken and decay - at a combination of the damp soil and low temperatures. It happens late summer at the maintenance of haworthias on the street when nights rather cool. It is better to transfer plants to the room or to take away at least for the night.
Haworthias very seldom are surprised wreckers. In a dormant period at some the most part of roots can die off - then in the spring they replace to the fresh soil. Widespread types
the Haworthia zhemchugonosny (Haworthia margaritifera) - has
collected in the radical socket darkly - the green fleshy leaves about 7 - 8 cm long on both sides covered zhemchuzhno - the white warts which are not forming accurate ranks. By the way, at this look the largest warts from all haworthias. Tsvetonos appears almost from the center of the socket, small greenish flowers are collected in a clustery inflorescence.
The haworthia striped (Haworthia fasciata) - on appearance is very similar to a haworthia zhemchugonosny, but has longer and stronger the leaves pointed at the end. White pearls of warts more small the sizes also cover the lower party of leaves with dense equal ranks.
The haworthia limolistny (Haworthia limifolia) forms low sockets of fleshy short leaves, 4 - 5 cm long, 2 - 3 cm wide. On the lower party of a leaf numerous warts almost merge to one line, forming relief strips. An inflorescence long with small white flowers.
The haworthia chess (Haworthia tesselata) has very thick leaves of triangular shape with small cloves on edge forming small sockets. The reverse side of leaves warty, and on top is looked through drawing from light longitudinal and cross strips, reminding a thin setochka.
Reynvardt`s (Haworthia reinwardtii) haworthia . Unlike all others, this haworthia has the extended socket of leaves 15 - 20 cm high. A stalk in the beginning upright, but in process of growth of polegayushchiya. Leaves are fleshy, extended, triangular shape. On outer side of leaves the numerous light warts forming cross or longitudinal ranks are located. During blossoming very long clustery inflorescence (to 1 m) with ordinary-looking zheltovato - green flowers appears.
Haworthias are unpretentious, effective, grow slowly, their cultivation does not bring big trouble. Not bad feel even at artificial lighting therefore are suitable for gardening of offices, for drawing up compositions and gardens of plants - succulents at decoration of an interior.