Mulchirovaniye: how to help itself and beds?
With arrival of warm summer days at summer residents the main cares become weeding and watering. And process this almost continuous: weeds a rod by leaps and bounds, the sun burns out the soil to cracks and turns it into the substance similar to asphalt. But there is one remarkable way to lower the labor costs to a minimum and at the same time to save ridges from overgrowing and a siccation. It will be a question of a mulchirovaniye.
Mulchirovaniye is an idle time, but very effective agroreception consisting in a soil covering various materials which protect it from weeds of drying and consolidations and regulate the water and air modes in the top layers. If to make everything in time and correctly as result - weeding and loosening are practically not required, and the frequency of waterings is reduced many times.
For a mulchirovaniye can apply different materials to a mulchirovaniye - organic and inorganic. Organic: sawdust, bark, foliage, straw, hay, mowed grass, cut paper and cardboard. But the most valuable of this category is the rerotting compost not containing seeds of weeds. Inorganic: gravel, a stone, nonwoven fabrics, roofing material, a film …
Certainly, organic is more preferable, they pass air and moisture, and over time decay, enriching the soil, improving its structure. But at the same time it is necessary to consider that some of them can change acidity of the soil therefore it is necessary to approach their use elaborately.
Garden compost not for nothing is considered the best mulch, it has neutral reaction and very much enriches the soil with useful substances.
The rerotting manure with straw has alkalescent reaction and is rich with phosphorus.
Sawdust, wood shaving, the crushed bark and other wood waste have subacidic reaction, especially waste of coniferous wood. Them it is desirable before use within a year to punch. Pieces of bark should not be more than 5 cm, they perfectly are suitable for a mulchirovaniye of raspberry, pristvolny circles of fruit-trees and bushes.
Peat and a butcher`s broom have sour reaction and suit for a mulchirovaniye of plants - atsidofil. Peat remarkably improves the heavy clay soil, doing it friable and permeable for air and moisture. But as it black, during a heat will strongly heat up and will overheat the soil under itself(himself), it needs to be meant. It is better to use it not for a continuous mulchirovaniye, and only for powder of rows of garlic at subwinter crops or vegetables in the early spring. Black rows will quicker get warm, the soil in a zone of crops of seeds will keep friability - shoots will appear earlier.
The new-mown grass enriches the soil with nitrogen, and here straw at decomposition, on the contrary, takes out nitrogen from the soil. At a mulchirovaniye a mowed grass it is necessary to watch that there were no weeds with the ripened seeds - such “enrichment“ of beds to us absolutely to anything. Before application the grass needs to be dried a little, otherwise it can decay on beds. And when using straw it is necessary to introduce a few nitrogen fertilizers.
The crushed egg shell has alkaline reaction, is good for protection of plants against slugs and snails.
Sheet humus has subacidic reaction.
the Best time for a mulchirovaniye - late spring when the soil got warm enough and did not lose the moisture which remained after snow thawing. But it is not forbidden to mulch and further during the season. The main thing to carry out preliminary preparation: to remove weeds, to plentifully humidify the soil if it is necessary, to introduce fertilizers, to loosen. After that it is possible to cover with a mulch which layer has to be not less than 5 cm. If the layer of a mulch decreases over time, it during the summer gradually is added.
Attention! If to hurry and lay a mulch on insufficiently heated-up soil - the growth inhibition of plants can be observed. This results from the fact that the mulch protects from the sun, temperature under it is always several degrees lower, than on the empty earth. In that case it is necessary to clean temporarily a mulch and to allow the soil to get warm several days in warm weather.
What to mulch?
can Mulch everything if is than. Berry-pickers, greenhouses, beds with vegetables, even potato plantations it is possible to lay over hay or straw … Radical zone of fruit bushes and young people (and not only) trees; flower beds look effectively too - when using various gravel, for example.
On a note:
When laying a mulch needs to leave open stalks of plants, a zone of a root neck, otherwise it can begin to rot.
the Mulch under perennials is not cleaned, left for the next season to which it can be added if necessary.
the Mulch from annual plants or is closed up to the soil (peat, compost, straw cutting - surely add nitrogen fertilizers to it), or placed in a compost heap for further decomposition (sawdust, shaving, bark, etc.) . Hay can be raked up, dried and stored till the next season.
Mulching a kitchen garden, surely consider type and structure of the soil. For example, loams - heavy soil, is enough mulch about 2 cm thick here, otherwise in rainy weather the lower layer just will begin to decay. If necessary it is possible to add a mulch gradually further. Through couple of seasons of a mulchirovaniye the structure of such soil considerably will improve. Advantage of a mulchirovaniye Zamulchirovanny sites water
much less often since moisture in a radical zone is reliably protected from the scorching beams of the sun and remains long, providing to plants comfortable conditions for growth and fructification. Loosening of the soil is not required even after long rains.
Mulchirovaniye protects the soil from loss of useful substances by washing away and aeration, suppresses growth of weeds, especially one-year. Weeding on such beds is reduced to only occasionally to remove the single weeds trying to break through through a mulch. Their quantity does not come within miles of what we have on nezamulchirovanny sites.
The root system of plants is not exposed to sharp differences of temperatures at returnable cold weather and cool nights.
The organic mulch enriches the soil with useful substances and improves its structure, doing more vlago-and aircapacious, promotes reproduction and effective activity of earthworms and soil microorganisms. The maintenance of a humus increases in it over time, i.e. fertility increases.
The fruits adjoining to the soil (pumpkin, garden wild strawberry etc.) in case of a mulchirovaniye lie on a dry laying and are not exposed to rotting and a zabryzgivaniye by the earth when watering and heavy rains.
And purely esthetically the mulch improves appearance of plantings.
In hot summer the mulchirovaniye is actual more than ever! The advantage of it is obvious, and both to plants, and for owners of personal plots: plantings grow and smell sweet, and summer residents have a rest, admiring landscapes and enjoying fruits of the just works.