How to fight against the monotonous speech? The main weapon - an intoning of
The more I communicate with people who want to improve the voice and the speech, the more often I hear that the main stumbling block is monotony. Ability to make the speech is more interesting and brighter, it is easy to diversify intonations of a voice - it is necessary just to follow some rules.
What is the intoning? How intonation of a voice to raise or lower? When it needs to be done to make the speech clear and accented?
Think: the main functions of a punctuation is an office and allocation, so in oral speech any punctuation mark is connected with a stop, a pause? Undoubtedly, with rare exception, punctuation marks are indexes of pauses! It is the rule first . And to each of them there corresponds a certain voice-frequency change.
We will begin, perhaps, with how to intone a point in the speech. According to textbooks, “the end is put at the end of narrative offers and designates their completeness“. How to intone by voice what is called completeness? First of all, distinct pause and decrease of tone. However often in the paragraph which expresses thought, not one narrative offer. In this case all pauses, except the last, are reduced, and decrease of tone is much less. The effect of completeness in intonation of the speech gives speed delay.
For example, the previous 4 proposals of this text are submitted one thought: how to intone a point. At the same time it is considerable it makes sense to lower tone and to slow down speed only on three last words. It we will consider as the second rule . In this case concerning the place of decrease of intonation of the speech there are no discrepancies, but not everything is so cloudless.
As it is correct to intone, say, such phrase: “Police officers applied tear gases against protesters and arrested some of them“. Here intonation of the speech has to be lowered obviously not on the last word, and on last shock the word! Thus, the finishing intonation of the speech designating the end of the statement is the share of the last shock word of the offer, otherwise, the phrase hangs in mid-air and demands continuation. Various extent of decrease - from very deep when the termination of the phrase is put “on a bottom“, to hardly notable, depends on degree of completeness of the statement.
We will pass to a question mark now. It is put at the end of the offer too, and distinguish two types of interrogative forms. The interrogative sense of the first is put into words: who, where, when that, how many, “whether“ particle. Other type of offers has no interrogative words.
Interrogative words lift offers in degree of a question and do not need a special intoning:
- From where you, youth?
- And who yours, youth,
In life heroes?
- What in the world of the road your
- And the song what
C you is unseparable?
Intonation of a voice almost does not increase.
And here when there is no interrogative words, that offer can be heard and not interrogatively. Intonation of a voice is the main criterion of semantic loading. Let`s try, using an intoning with increase, to apply to each word in this exercise: “Mila bought mimosas to mother“.
(But not tulips) Mila bought mimosas to mother?
Mila (but not someone another) bought mimosas to mother?
Mila (but not the sister) bought mimosas to mother?
Mila`s mimosa bought mother (but did not bring from giving)?
Respectively, increase of intonation of a voice reports to the interlocutor about what answer you want to receive. At the same time the more sharply the question is raised, the increase of intonation of a voice and more long pause upon termination of the offer is stronger. And it is the rule third .
However, there are questions which sound not with increase, and with decrease of intonation of a voice, for example:
- Well whether it is a disgrace?
- Whether it is offensive?
In fact, in these questions there is more statement, than a question, that is why so occurs.
In addition, rule fourth : even if you read, but do not retell the text for an audio recording or publicly on the presentation, meeting, from a scene, build it so that after the statement something the question followed. Questions aggravate attention of the listener because the intonational structure changes.
I wish to begin somewhat quicker application of this knowledge to get rid of monotony!