Gilbert Chesterton. Why the person is eternal?
- the Sir, - was indignant professor, - unless you do not consider criminalistics as science?
- I is simply not sure … - the father Brown answered. - And you consider as science a hagiography?
- What is it? - professor sharply asked.
- Usually confuse it to geography, - smiling, the priest told. - But it is science about righteous persons, about Saints. You see, the dark century tried to create science about good people, our, humane and educated, is interested only in people bad. to
Gilbert Chesterton is well familiar to readers, but, as a rule, he is known as the author of detective stories which main character was a detective - the father Brown . The father Brown, by the way, had quite real prototype. On stories about the father Brown shot movies and TV series in many countries including in the USSR, perhaps, someone remembers these remarkable screen versions.
The bible teaches us to love neighbors, she also teaches us to love enemies; can be because it is usually same people. with
In the first 48 stories also the villain - the criminal Flambo acted. Eventually the awful villain is gradually re-educated, even becomes the private detective. This transformation is not casual. The matter is that Gilbert Chesterton was one of the largest thinkers of the 20th century, and the religious thinker. But so original, paradoxical, even excentric that it is read just as brilliant writer, essayist, literary critic, publicist. And how it is possible to believe in what can be written on belief and religion with such tremendous humour? With humour, and Chesterton declared that “ about whether this religion is good, it is necessary to judge on whether you can joke on religious topics “.
Chesterton all the time confuses, the collar turns out everything - topsy-turvy, stirs up the reader inconceivable paradoxes: “ If you have no desire to break at least one of ten precepts, so with you something not so “. It is impossible to believe that the religious philosopher dares to write so: “ Ya I do not believe modern rumors about house boredom and that the woman grows dull if she only prepares puddings and bakes pies. Only does things! Bigger you will not tell about God “.
Paradoxes at Chesterton - ridiculous and human therefore his serious (not detective) books with pleasure are read also by the people absolutely far from religion. Though the chestertonovsky paradox - not for the sake of itself, is not paradox for the sake of paradox, and it “ the truth put on the head that paid attention to it “.
What the person capable to write here such sermon (literally - the sermon) was: “ Has to be, I will not be understood; but I first of all would tell my listeners that they did not enjoy themselves. I would advise them to enjoy theater or dances, oysters and champagne, races, cocktails, the jazz, night clubs if it it is not allowed to enjoy something better. Let enjoy polygamy and theft, any gnusnost - anything, only not themselves. People are capable to pleasure until they perceive something, except themselves, both are surprised, and thank “.
Gilbert Keith (Kiyt) Chesterton was born on May 29, 1874, died 75 years ago - on June 14, 1936. In the childhood studied painting, wanted to become the actor, published the collection of verses, but began to earn by freelance. The journalism became one of the main fields of activity of the writer: long decades it conducted personal columns in the London editions (“ Everyone wants that he was informed honestly, impartially, truthfully - and in full accordance with his views “). Opposed English - Boer war that was extremely not patriotic from its party, but proved early the shown independence of judgments of the English writer.
In journalism Chesterton was on the place, thanks to fine knowledge of history and deep understanding of public processes too: “ Victory over barbarians. Operation of barbarians. The union with barbarians. Victory of barbarians. Such is destiny of the empire “. Nearly each phrase of Chesterton became an aphorism: “ to Politicize - all the same what to blow nose or write the bride. It should be done most even if you are not able “. Many thoughts of the English writer sound is surprisingly modern, is even topical: “the pursuit of health always leads to unhealthy things. It is impossible to submit to the nature, it is impossible to worship - it is only possible to rejoice “. Or - “When the mankind does not bring happy people into world any more, it begins to make optimists “.
(Once Gilbert Chesterton wrote: “ Give me thoughtless journalism and I will save England “. In many years an echo the American journalist who was born in Ryazan - Alexander Genis responded: “ Give me thoughtless Gilbert and I will rescue journalism “).
In the middle of life Chesterton passes into Catholicism, writes the well-known books “Orthodoxy“, “Eternal Person“, “Saint Francis of Assisi“. At the same time not less well-known novels “The Person Who Was Thursday“ and “Flying Tavern“ were written. Chesterton all life was on friendly terms with Herbert Wells and Bernard Shaw. Went on the world much, acting with lectures (“ In America I gave not less than ninety lectures to the people who did not make to me anything bad “). Chesterton happily was once married. He radiated pleasure and humour, at the same time had a serious illness. Huge, thick, clumsy, excentric and in life, it often served as a subject of jokes and liked to joke of itself(himself).
The rough materialism and linear logic was favourite objects of philosophical researches of Chesterton always. He writes about economic theories: “ the History reducing both policy, and ethics to economy - both is primitive, and is incorrect. It mixes necessary living conditions with life, and these are absolutely different things. … Cows are faultlessly faithful to the economic principle - they only and do that is eaten or look for where to eat. For this reason twelve-languid history of cows is not too interesting“ .
About rationalists and logicians: “ Everything is very simple: poetry - in senses because it with ease floats on the boundless ocean; rationalism tries to cross the ocean and to limit it. As a result - mind exhaustion, is similar to physical exhaustion. To accept everything - joyful game, to understand everything - excessive tension. The poet needs only delight and a scope that nothing constrained him. He wants to glance in heaven. The logician seeks to thrust heaven into the head - and his head bursts “.
About unconditional belief in progress: “ Most of modern philosophers are ready to offer happiness for the sake of progress whereas the sense of any progress also consists only in happiness. What we call “progress“ is only a comparative degree from what does not exist excellent “. And the legend has the unconditional right for life because “ a legend is created by all village - the book is written by the lonely madman “.
Detective short stories, serious novels - parables, literary works, journalism and Christian apologetics are a heritage of Gilbert Chesterton, “the prince of paradoxes“. To read and understand its books, it is not necessary to be the diligent parishioner of any church at all. The main impression of its books - pleasure and surprise. That is those feelings which he had in relation to life and to people, to volume “ to the human race to which so many of my readers belong “...
It is possible to write about Chesterton infinitely, but it is necessary to finish. Even if it turns out according to Chesterton again: “ If something really has to be done, it is worth doing it and it is bad “.
Chesterton found the answer to questions: “ Ya did not sing of a civilization. I protected freedom of the small countries and poor families. However I did not know properly what I understand as freedom, yet did not get acquainted with concept of infinite advantage of each soul “. Each person looks for answers to the questions - and his right to find own.
The person is eternal while he thinks, the person is eternal while he looks for - let it already and not absolutely according to Chesterton. The person is eternal until he enjoys and surprised to life and the world while still something is interesting to it, except him - very favourite or not really.
(All quotes in the text - from different works of G. Chesterton in translation N. Trauberg).