Whether ounovets were helpers of fascism? The Ukrainian police formations of
in Summer of 1941 command German 17 - y armies published the order about creation of groups of self-defense and police in the Ukrainian villages. Groups were recommended to counteract residual groups of the Soviet servicemen and parachutists. At the same time the number of police officers should not have exceeded a proportion 1 politsay on 100 inhabitants. However OUN started the organization of own militia of the order even before.
the Distinctive sign of militiamen were narukavny is yellow - blue bandages. In demonstration concerning declaration of the Ukrainian Independent Cathedral Power in Lviv took place Exactly on June 27. On this demonstration the population saw how Jara created a hut of the Ukrainian Army of a name Cold took the oath. Since August, 1941 the regiment received the status of East educational battalion and subsequently served as the center of creation is security - police formations.
Police in Kiev were created by members of the OUN Kiev marching group consisting of Bukovinsky`s members kurenya. The large division which received the name Kiev a hut was created. Bukovinsky a hut of OUN and the battalion created in Zhytomyr from among prisoners of war under command of the former centurion of UNR army Pyotr Zakhvalinsky became his kernel. In November to a hut 250 more volunteers from Galichina joined. By the end of 1941 contained a hut about 1500 - - 1700 people. The centurion Zakhvalinsky was appointed the commandant of the Kiev police of an order, his deputy - the lieutenant Kedyulich. The building of city department of militia at Khmelnytsky Square became the location kurenya. The police bore protection of an order in the city and suburbs. A distinctive sign of the police officer was it is yellow - a blue armband, the regimentals of police officers were Soviet, trophy.
In Kiev were created police Ukrainian battalions: 101-111, 113-126, 129 - 131, 134 - 140, 143 - 146, 157 - 169. In 1943 the part of police battalions was included in structure of police shooting regiments No. 31-38.
109 - y a battalion under command of the son of the general of UNR M. Omelyanovich - Pavlenko was created from among bukovinets, prisoners of war and volunteers. The battalion worked against guerrillas in the territory of Ukraine, then was thrown to Belarus where suffered considerable losses. In 1944 it was removed to Ternopil where 2000 fighters went to the wood in ranks of UPA. Upon transition of part of a battalion to UPA all members of OUN of the colonel Melnik were killed.
115 - y a battalion was created at the beginning of 1942 from the former members of the Kiev marching group. The major Pfal, his deputy - Hauptmann Paul (ounovets Field) was a commander of a battalion. The battalion was dressed in the Lithuanian uniform and the Slovak helmets, the weapon was trophy, Soviet. Each soldier wore a white armband with the serial number. Tridents it is also yellow - blue bandages from a form were cleaned.
In July, 1942 arrived replenishment from youth which was originally planned to send for work to Germany to a battalion.
In August, 1942 both battalions were thrown to the Baranovichsky region of Belarus. In the same summer the battalion took part in operation Herman against guerrillas of the Naliboksky dense forest.
in the Spring and in the summer 1944 both a battalion took part in the large anti-guerrilla operations Sector - 24, Regenshauer and Fryullingfest.
118 - y shutsmanshaftbatalyon was created in iyule1942 and worked against guerrillas in the Chernihiv region, and then in the Minsk district together with 115 - m, 102 - m (the commander major Shuryga) the Ukrainian battalions and 101 - m Ukrainian - the Belarusian battalion of the major V. Muravyev.
In July, 1944 the German command made the decision on transfer of battalions to Warsaw for participation in revolt suppression, but then was decided to include them in structure 30 - y divisions CC.
In August, 1944 battalions were taken out to France in department of Du then were united in a regiment. Later to guerrillas about 500 soldiers left.
In Galicia was created 12 battalions Noise (with 201 on 212): eleven of them were Ukrainian, and 212 - y - Polish. By the end of 1942 about 35 thousand Ukrainians served in ranks Noise. Battalions consisted of four infantry companies on 120 - 160 people. The arms of a battalion were made by the Soviet rifles, machine guns and mortars.
One Ukrainian anti-guerrilla connection created from the former fighters of the colonel Bulby - Borovtsa and melnikovets, acted on Volhynia in 1943 under Nikolay Medvedsky`s command. Legionaries were dressed in the Polish uniform and had various arms, including faustpatrona and mortars.
Gradually a legion subordinated to itself the local management of OUN of Bandera, and as a result of armed conflict between two OUN groups the legion was disarmed. After that former (melnikovsky) command asked for the help Germans. At negotiations with the local German authorities the division received a freedom of action on Volhynia. According to the German registers it began to be called the Ukrainian Legion of Self-defense or the Volynsk legion and in the operational relation SD submitted, the standartenfuehrer CC Bigelmayer was a commander of a legion from the German side.
In 1944 a legion received the name 31 - y shutsmanshaftbatalyon SD and was relocated to the district of Krakow where Germans recruited him in the anti-Polish actions. At the end of 1944 the legion was included by the order of the German command in structure 14 - y the Galichina divisions CC. Having arrived to Slovenia, legionaries saw that the division is the German part and decided to return by means of chetnik to Ukraine. Two thirds of a legion under horunzhy Kivelyuk and Koval`s command went to the wood in the valley of the river Moore. The message about fugitives quickly reached a division and behind them the battalion under command of the major Gayke was sent. Fugitives agreed to return provided that will not be made responsible. After return Roman Kivelyuk was shot, and legionaries were distributed on companies.
In villages police was on the maintenance of “public farms“ (the former collective farms), and in the cities - on budgets of town councils.
Fighting capacity of police parts depended on a situation at the front. Cases of transition of groups of police officers to the party of guerrillas began with winter of 1941 - 1942 when it became clear that the Red Army is capable to win. Mass transition to guerrillas began after a victory near Stalingrad.
In various areas of Ukraine the parts created by Germans bore different names: All-Ukrainian Liberation Army, Ukrainian National army etc.
Completing of parts of the Ukrainian army went due to recruitment to them the Ukrainian nationalist elements from among deserters and prisoners of war, fists and criminals, and also violent involvement of youth.
Staff of the created parts was trained under the leadership of the German officers, being trained in service with troops and ability to own the weapon.
These parts were used for fight against Red Army, in wagon trains of the German army, for fight against guerrillas, on protection of camps for prisoners of war and the railroads.
In March, 1942 in the territory of Vinnytsia region was created by the German command Vilne group of Kozatstvo for fight against guerrillas, in structure of group deserters and prisoners of war were taken. When the group was armed by Germans and obmundirovan, all of them ran in the woods, began to be a partisan, making raids on the German troops.
In Kursk region in 1942. the announcement of the German authorities of conditions of service was distributed in the Ukrainian voluntary army. The lump sum of 500 rubles, 5 poods of flour, release from introduction of the established tax by sowing material, and also the best allotment was promised a family of each volunteer.
In concentration camps less than a quarter of security guards were Germans, took the others from among auxiliary voluntary groups from occupied territories, especially from the Western Ukraine. They showed the same cruelty, as well as security guards are SS-men, and atrocities which the survived prisoners remembered, often belong to actions of the West Ukrainian security guards differing in furious anti-Semitism.
the Ukrainian accessories deserved to themselves such terrible reputation from which hair bristle, brutal their handling of civilians was such. When carrying out operations on identification and elimination of Jews they often worked together with eynzatskomanda. Soldiers of the German parts interacting with them did not test to them anything, except contempt. Here the description one esesovsky officer of the nightmare which was created in a concentration camp Beltsek:
“Even in death can distinguish families. They hold hands which clench so strong that then it is very difficult to tear off them from each other to clear a gas chamber for the following party of suicide bombers. Corpses, wet from sweat and urine, with the legs soiled with excrement and blood are thrown out outside. Highly in air children`s little bodies fly up. There is no time at all. Lashes of the Ukrainian supervisors adjust prisoners from funeral team“.
As if these people did not use cunning and did not dodge after war, trying to find a justification to the behavior, nothing will be able to exculpate with them.
On this background Ivan Demjanjuk`s protection (the convict in Germany) galitsky party Freedom (calling herself by All-Ukrainian association) looks blasphemously - was not among security guards of concentration camps of angels.
the End of war most of the servicemen of the Ukrainian police battalions met in the ranks of national divisions CC - 14 - y the Galichina divisions, 30 - y by the Russian, divisions KONRA. Has the luck to remain much in the West which - who tried to disappear from punishment in the USSR.
Such is short history of the organization and activity of the Ukrainian police formations which many members made skeleton of fighters of UPA. I here specially did not paint all punitive actions and atrocities of these divisions, there is enough also of the fact that they were helpers of nazis in the years of war. I do not imagine that in Norway or France, Denmark or the Czech Republic monuments put and declared heroes of helpers of fascism and veterans of troops of CC. To any politician in these countries made such proposal, it would be possible to finish political career - at best. It is a shame that it is possible only at us, in Ukraine, and also in Baltic.