Whom did Slavs consider as the progenitors? Veleta of
the Story about veleta could be connected with different subjects: the Old Slavic tribe lyutichy, with easy infantry at Romans, the French shooters of times of Napoleon I etc. of
But today`s conversation will be devoted to those veleta (they are volota, asilka, osilka), whom east Slavs considered as the progenitors.
It were giants - athletes who lived in prehistoric times and equipped the earth, creating on it natural objects, speaking to the modern language - a landscape: rivers and lakes, mountains and rocks, woods and meadows … Well, myths about the giants who appeared on the earth before of people exist in cultural tradition practically of all people of the world. Yes at least giants and titans from antique mythology!
And even if to glance in the Old Testament, then it is possible to find lines in it too: “At that time there were on the earth giants, especially since then as God`s sons began to enter to daughters human, and they began to give rise to them: these are strong, since ancient times nice people“.
Here - here, first they were kind and nice giants, peaceful on the relation in the human tribe, but then, it seems, began to oppress him. And veleta were enormous (higher than the wood, the seas forded) and possessed such power that could move or break mountains them the clubs, to pull out oaks from the earth with roots. They lived in unapproachable mountains, the dense woods and wild steppes (according to Afanasyev).
Names of some velet - volot reached us in national legends. So, the athlete Svyatogor - you remember? - could go only on the mountains as the earth did not maintain its giant gait. Tugarin Zmeevich - the same to a sort - the tribe. In the bylina as it is told: “Tugarin Zmeevich saw it, cried so that the earth trembled, high oaks were bent, waters from the river were splashed out …“.
And were still the Storm - the athlete, Gorynya, Dubynya and Usynya. On one of versions, they represented force of the elements: air, fire, earth and water. The giant the Storm - the athlete as it is easy to guess, battles against violent winds. Gorynya (Gorynych, Vernigora, Vertigor) at will of god - a gromovnik breaks mountains, brings down trees and dams river blockages. His name comes not from the word “mountain“, and from “to burn“. It can help with ancient legends to the hero and prevent it.
A forest giant Dubynya (Vernidub, Dubynich, Vertodub, Duginya) can accept an image of the Dragon and is a security guard Pekla, Old Slavic hell. And in the woods he pursues alignment “policy“, or impositions: “which the oak is high, that to the earth pushes and which is low, from the earth pulls“. However, sometimes the giant shows weakness, vanity, greed and unreliability.
Usynya (Usynych, Usynka, Krutius), according to the legend, “filched the river a mouth, fish cooks yes eats, one mustache dammed the river, and on a mustache as if on the bridge, pedestrian go, horse jump, wagon trains go, itself about a nail, a beard about an elbow, moustaches trudge on the ground, wings on verst lie“. In late legends it begins to be presented in the form of a dragon too.
Why not to assume taking into account portraits of the called Trinity of velet that the image of Zmey Gorynych from the Russian national fairy tales is collective?
Giants had wives - volotka - giantesses, bogatyrka. The woman is Alatyrka or the Woman - Goryninka (Latygorka). Had force not smaller, than husbands, and in rage could surpass them. Goryninka, for example, somehow time, battling against Alyosha Popovic, seized him by a collar and dumped from a horse; the truth, was won severe fight with Ilya Muromts.
But volotka called not only them, and and ancient barrows. Why? According to a national rumor, in them giants who died sleep an eternal rest: who - for hunger, who in fight against monsters - snakes (they released from caves of the captives kidnapped by a terrible Dragon). But there are also other versions of the reasons of disappearance of velet: that they were destroyed by gods for arrogance or were not gone at all, and crushed.
In traveling notes of Ahmed of ibn - Fadlana (921 - 922) contains the message that showed it remains of “extremely huge constitution“: “his head is similar to a big tub, his edges are similar to the biggest dry fruit branches of palm trees, and in the same sort of a bone of his shins and both of his elbow bones“. And it not the only written certificate of the foreigners who visited Russia: both Arab, and Scandinavian.
And in Siberia find to this day enormous skulls and fragments of skeletons which the people persistently attribute to ancient giants and which - where carry to reminders on them also “stone images“ (the sculptures reminding human shape), and prints of soles on stones - sledovika.