Whether it is easy to be the refugee in Norway?
the Two-storeyed house in which there live nine Kurds from Syria, Turkey and Iraq settle down on Hatlestad Terrasse in the Norwegian Bergen. It is quite far from the downtown.
Kurds - the most numerous people deprived of the state. The ethnogeographical Kurdistan area is divided between Syria, Iraq, Turkey and Iran. The outcome of the Kurdish refugees from the region lasts many years. Slave position, lawlessness, prosecutions of the authorities force people to look for a political asylum.
Approximate age of refugees who live in this house - from 20 to 45 years. One person from four years in Norway - is in camp 2 years. Our friend Ali Vatti lives in this house of 14 months. All these years pass in disturbing expectation of the decision of police - and most often it is negative.
We will look how there live refugees? Coming into the house, at once you get to the big hall with a fireplace, computers, the TV and the exercise machine. From a window the view of the gulf, the valley and mountains opens.
Rooms remind the dormitory - a bed, a case, ten books, a guitar. On walls - the Norwegian and Kurdish flags. On one of flags badges from charitable organizaytion - the Red cross, Amnesti International, Norsk Folkership … Family photos hang on walls.
All five rooms, two refugees live in the house in single, the others - on two persons. Two bathrooms. Big kitchen. Long balcony. On the first floor there is a room with washing machines.
In camp it is not really cozy - neither pictures, nor flowers. Feeling of a temporary shelter, upon stay in which everyone is weighed. Generally, conditions in camp good, but psychologically is in it difficult. Refugees speak: “It is paradise in which there is no freedom“.
Refugees can use city libraries and attend some free creative and sports classes, can participate in social and political life. Many work in legal assistance - they can be seen on protest actions of anti-racists, anti-fascists, at meetings and meetings on the Kurdish question, on problems of migrants, Islamophobia, on trade-union actions, among the staff of the non-profit charitable organizations. In Bergen there are many feminists of the Kurdish origin.
Refugees in Norway have no official right for work and try to obtain it in every way. A grant which is given from the state, by local standards tiny. For illegal work of refugees send.
People who brought us into camp, speak in Russian - Ali gained the medical diploma in Poltava, Rodya studied as the electronics engineer in Odessa.
Everyone asked for asylum at the settlement in camp give clothes, ware, personal hygiene means, bed linen and a blanket. The refugee acquires the right for 250 school hours Norwegian and the free ticket for the term of training.
Family people in the Norwegian camps cannot be divided. Family give the certain apartment or lodge in the family hostel. However each Norwegian refugee camp has own rules.
Except the Kurdish house, in Bergen there are ten more houses for refugees (for ninety people). Association of houses is called Ytrebygda statlig mottak. There is a house for people from Eritrea and Somalia, for the Asian countries, for Palestinians.
The easiest Norway presents a shelter to refugees from Eritrea, Ethiopia and Somalia. Somalis do not wait for a shelter over a year. It is more difficult to rest to be granted asylum gorazo.
Many, refused, pass to illegal status. The human rights activist and the writer Maria Amelie told about life of the Norwegian illegal emigrants in the book “Ulovlig norsk“ (“The illegal Norwegian“).
In many countries of the world position of refugees is awful. Inhabitants of the Australian camps sew up to themselves mouths in protest at awful conditions of keeping in prison conditions. In the same place, in camps of Australia, there are group attempts of suicide of children - refugees.
Recently BBC made the reporting about position of refugees in Russia. Racist statements of the official (nowadays dismissed K. Poltoranin) in combination with the broken windows of barracks, the proceeding ceilings and an icy cold, stories about violence from administration of camp - all this very much contrasts with position of refugees in the homeland of Nansen.
It would be desirable to hope that at least this century something will change in the world and concerning people to each other. The borders open for goods and the weapon, remain closed for people so far. And it is not always clear who is in camp. Whether only refugees?
Or any frontier is similar to border of larger camp - for those who, as well as refugees, did not commit any crimes?