Whether “Harry Potter“ of the glory deserves? Part 1: advantages of
this year one of the loudest epics in the history of children`s literature - the epic of “Harry Potter“ will finally come to the end. 14 years ago - on June 30, 1997 - on counters the first book of a fantastic cycle about the boy - the wizard wearing spectacles and a scar - a lightning on a forehead laid down. In 2007 there was the last. The fairy tale brought nobody unknown Joan Ketling Rowling a fortune, a heap of prizes for “the best children`s book“ and even an award of the British Empire before. Same year the last “gold remains“ will be collected by the cinema which is letting out the finishing part of the fairy tale.
Now it is a high time to remember how the book to “the most reading country of the world“ hard broke as the most part of highbrow critics haughtily (and even floutingly) wrote about “a pathetic product of a mass culture“, “the fairy tale for stupid western children“, “to secondariness and primitiveness“.
do not buy I by mere chance this book for reading to children for the night, probably, as well as the others would be opened for itself by the magic world of Hogwarts only after the Hollywood screen version. It is amusing that when the western children with pleasure were accustomed to turn pages the fingers crooked from joysticks, ours reacted only after the film blockbuster.
And what pleasure to open something, without being under a press of a sensation and public relations. So happened at me to “Lord of the Rings“, happened also to “Harry Potter“ (further - “GP“). Therefore I apply for the known share of objectivity.
The fairy tale was pleasant at once (even the unsuccessful translations could not spoil impression). Since “Carlson“ in a sky of children`s literature any bright star did not light up. I will not write that “GP“ sparkled genius, but it was very good. Skillfully twirled plot, an invention feast, sound humour, fine knowledge of psychology of children! I do not know that there critics thought, and from all to whom I suggested to read “GP“ (by the way, any about it did not hear before) nobody was spat. The book was perfectly swallowed by both children, and adults (one more important line of good children`s literature).
And then burst the movie, “GP“ became the superstar and the whirlpool stirred up the next portion of dregs. Disturbed all and irritated not so much book contents, how many unprecedented success (read - money). “For what? It is not the book, but the commercial project! » - shouted on the one hand; “Satanism“, “freemasonry“ - howled with another. Well, what, tell, a Satanism in “Harry Potter“? Absolutely not bigger, than in “Ryabe`s Chicken“. Besides. Rowling frankly derides astrology (in an image of the prophet Trelawney) and thirst for different pseudo-sensations (in an image of a family Lavgud). However those who consider that fairy tales have to be only about orthodox hedgehogs, I will not disabuse (and I will not be able).
Me - that just was also pleasant that such worn-out moral values as Mercy, Friendship, Lyubov, Firmness, are given to “GP“ not as detached persuasive moralization, and on concrete examples. Rowling shows the simple truth very not easy - through acts, through the painful moral choice. She learns that heroes are not ideal at all (even if it is Dumbledore or Harry Potter`s father) that unpleasant or pathetic characters can contain a part of good and courage that children can be, eventually it is purer and better than the parents and teachers!
It is possible to say hundred times to children that it is impossible to leave the person in trouble (even if he is not your friend), and it is possible to read chapter from “the Fiery Cup“ about the second competition of magic tournament. On its conditions participants have to for a certain term release everyone the friend ground under water. The delay threatens with death of captives and obvious loss. Harry rescues the friend the first, but cannot allow also death of others - strangers. Inability to cross this moral line leads it to loss, but readers understand - he did right thing (i.e. won). The morals are simple, but in a concrete situation it finds new “flesh and blood“.
At the same time it is worth noticing that moral dilemmas do not come to Harry easily at all. It is not a share - the boy, and even not the excellent student though (as well as any fantastic hero) has the mysterious mission and the gifts. He, as well as all normal people, doubts, afraid, is the evils and is unfair, subject to envy and vanity. Generally, has a normal face of the boy, but not a flat mask of “hero“. And only understanding of the mistakes and ability to make the choice prompted by heart allows Harry to develop in themselves the best and to fight against the worst.
The dilemma from the book “Secret Room“ where all begin to perceive Harry as mysterious “successor Slytherin“ (the founder of faculty at which most of angry wizards and Voldemort studied) is especially remarkable in this plan. At the same time Harry begins to feel that it can be the truth.
“- Means, I have to study in “Slytherin“, - Harry by the killed voice told and looked into face to Dumbldor. - The hat - the sorter saw in me inclinations of slizerinets, and …
-... And still the hat - the sorter directed you in “Griffindor“. And you know why. Think.
- It directed me in “Griffindor“, - Harry told it is won, - because I asked it not to send me to “Slytherin“...
- Quite right, - Dumbldor picked up and began to shine, - and you very strongly differ in it from Tom Reddl. Only the way elected by us, Harry, shows our true essence much better, than our abilities.“
Again-: such simple truth, but as often it is unclear that who says “to me on a sort it is written“, or “it was so fated“.
Now about secondariness. Of course, it is possible to find in “GP“ and influence of other fantastic literature, but unless there are books without influences? Or at someone the patent for use in literature of magic wands and dragons? But for some reason nobody notes the main ingenious find of Rowling. Instead of causing full illusion of “validity“ (as the same Tolkien), the creator of “GP“ does the world of wizards and the world of ordinary people (so-called maggl) simply coexisting. If to clean magic “lotions“, two worlds begin to remind the mirrors reflecting each other. This mutual “reflection“ also creates unique comic effect of the book, as concerning the magic world ( “Opposite hung hours with one arrow on a wall and absolutely without figures. Instead of them on edge there were inscriptions: “It is time to put tea“, “It is time to feed chickens“, “Again was late“ ), and concerning usual ( “the father collects plugs“ ). At first amuses magic, but it is worth getting used to it as everything is interchanged the position. Ordinary becomes amusing, magic - habitual. And again on the contrary. Continuous balancing between two worlds and change of “point of view“ do the fairy tale fascinating and inexhaustible on inventions.
Remarkably and the fact that Harry, on the one hand - is very famous (after all a cause of death of the Sorcerer Voldemort), and with another, - this “feat“ does not give him any vital “odds“ as it is made by it at unconscious chest age. Harry is always “beginner“, as in the world of maggl (because of an orphanhood and “abnormality“), and in the world of wizards. Every time it should acclimatize in others environment, to be approved in it (together with the reader). Thanks to such hero, we can travel and be in two worlds at the same time, both as “brother-in-law“, and as “pioneer“.
The English writer managed to create an organic alloy of genres, traditional for her country, - the magic fairy tale (Carroll, Barry, Milne, Tolkien), the detective (Conan Doyle, Agatha Christie) and satires (Swift, Jerome K. Jerome). The first genre, certainly, prevails.
As for the detective line, it is not the classical detective story. For example, “The Hound of the Baskervilles“ of subjects is also interesting that under a crape of mysticism quite real and explainable events disappear. At Rowling existence of magic does attempts of the reader to solve a riddle almost impossible. In “Harry Potter“ there is more likely not “detective story“, and Secret and its disclosure. It keeps a plot spring in suspense, being that core on which other events are slowly hanged out (from school mischief to the championship in Quidditch). An outcome, as well as it is necessary, is perfect is unexpected therefore to puzzle over searches of the criminal in advance hopelessly.
Generally, it is possible to speak about advantages long, and I already wrote about it. Wrote for a long time, still when with indefatigable interest read a pirate translation of the fourth book. Who could think that on border 4 - y and 5 - y books my relation to “GP“ will test unpleasant metamorphoses.