Why Saguaro`s cactus is a symbol of the State of Arizona?
Ya live in “the Wild West“, in the desert Sonora (State of Arizona). We have a lodge surrounded with the virgin nature with untamed birds and animals. In the morning, having looked out in a window, it is possible to see near the house of the rabbits who are pottering about in a grass, the meadow doggies which are efficiently scurrying about in search of a forage the coyote will sometimes run by … Around cactuses, agaves, various trees grow. Earlier I could see all this magnificence only at cinema, or having visited a botanical garden. Now is my “habitat“.
is A little geography
the Desert Sonora - one of the most beautiful deserts of our planet. Singularity of the desert is created by a peculiar relief, soft climate, dense vegetation: different types of trees, bushes, a set of cactuses, the rich on a specific variety one-year and perennial plants. The desert Sonora is located in the West to North America: in the USA and Mexico. Its area makes 360 thousand sq.km. It from all directions is surrounded with mountains. In its territory small heights and mountains meet.
Within a year of draft drop out unevenly. One of rainy seasons falls on the winter period from January to April, the second - a season of monsoons, begins in the middle of June and comes to an end at the end of August. Within a year from 150 to 300 mm of rainfall drop out. Temperature within a year positive, but during the short winter period small frosts are possible at night. During the winter period temperature fluctuates from +12 to +23 degrees, during a summer season from +30 to +42 degrees.
Saguaro`s Cactus - a national relic of Arizona
In the State of Arizona grows the biggest cactus in the world - Saguaro, or Karnegiya huge ( of Carnegiea gigantea ). Its height can reach 15 - 20 meters. Life expectancy - about 250 years. Saguaro grows very slowly, in 20 years he can grow to height of one and a half meters. When the cactus reaches height of 7 - 8 meters, at it begin to grow lateral escapes or “hands“. The number of “hands“ can vary from 1 to 15.
At the end of spring, the beginning of summer blossoming saguaro begins. Large white or red flowers with a large number of stamens settle down at top of a plant and on lateral escapes. Stamens are so dense that small birds suit the nests there. Flowers open at night and are closed at midday when in the desert the heat begins. Fruits of red color, in them are black seeds. Birds willingly eat bright fruits and by that promote moving of this rare species.
The weight of an old plant can reach 10 tons and more. To 90% of weight water which the cactus actively reserves during rainy seasons makes. During a droughty season water is spent very economically.
Several words about root system saguaro. Roots are very small, settle down superficially, but in stony soil they zayakorivatsya strongly. During strong winds which are frequent in Arizona the multiton plant is gradually shaken, but the root system strongly holds it, without allowing to fall.
On old cactuses it is possible to notice hollows and openings. Many animals find a haven in these shelters to themselves, i.e. saguaro represents a biotope (habitat) for other live organisms. A cactus and its lodgers represent a classical biocenosis where one live organism (cactus) gives a haven to numerous animals, and the last, destroying wreckers, care about health of a cactus. Usually cavities are hollowed out by a woodpecker in search of insects. When a cavity rather big and all insects are eaten, woodpeckers leave the territory. In such shelter other birds can build a nest, lizards, or a colony of bats can locate there. All of them are good insects hunters, thereby helping a cactus to be exempted from such unpleasant ballast as harmful insects.
National park of Saguaro in TucsonSaguaro`s
is a desert Sonora relict. It means that this cactus grows in this place since the most ancient times. The desert Sonora remained the only habitat of this look today. Saguaro can be carried to rare disappearing plants. The cactus is under protection of the state.
Near Tucson many years the National Park of Saguaro was founded ago. There, in a hilly terrain, several thousands of copies of this valuable plant grow. Park it is observed round the clock from the earth and from air. Recently the decision to place the microchip in each plant was made. If comes to someone to mind to dig out a cactus and to put at itself in the estate, then location of a plant will be revealed very quickly, and the malefactor will go to prison for several years, plus expects it an enormous penalty. As we bought
saguaro in nursery
my husband - the big fan of the desert nature. Somehow the thought came to its mind that well to put a relic cactus at our house. It found nursery where grow up and sell saguaro. The first time we went on investigation: chose future pet, got detailed advice as to put him and to look after.
For the second time went to buy. Meter saguaro cost us 250 dollars, we had the written instruction and an opportunity on phone to get any advice. In couple of days the cactus was put. Within a year he “got used“ to new conditions, and then slowly began to grow. Now its height about one and a half meters, feels it quite well. Saguaro`s
- a symbol of Arizona
the Rare species of a cactus became a symbol of the State of Arizona. Its image is located on local souvenirs: t-shirts, liqueur glasses, bags, purses and other production.
All bus-stops are executed in style saguaro. All local cars have registration plates on plates where it is represented saguaro. Such unification does not spoil an overall picture at all, and on the contrary, causes pride: each participant of the movement the plate on a rear bumper of the car reminds once again that we live in staff which is the only owner of such live treasure in the USA!
There is such interesting story connected with a unique huge type of a cactus which grows only in the State of Arizona. If you are in our corner of the world, be not too lazy to visit National Park of Saguaro to admire this remarkable plant, and buy for memory of visit any souvenir with the image of this cactus.